International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development

International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development


( International Peer Reviewed Open Access Journal ) ISSN [ Online ] : 2581 - 7175

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IJSRED Volume 2 - Issue 2, March - April 2019


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S. No. Title and Authors Name Paper ID
1
Challenges in Medical Device Commercialization
Author(s): Nik Tehrani
Page(s): 01-05
Abstract

There are multiple obstacles that need to be overcome prior to commercializing technologies:(1) new technology must add real value over existing approaches,(2) getting investors and funding,(3) the feasibility stage, (4) high risk and expense of creating marketable products,(5) high costs of clinical trials,6) the gap between academic researchers and business communities, and (7) Smartphone technology security (wireless technology). Disconnect between scientists and healthcare professionals have contributed to the technological lag seen in medical care. There is gap between academic researchers and business communities when it comes to commercialization, mainly due to high risk, expense and time of creating marketable products( Scanlon& Lieberman,2007).The process in which medical devices go from early concept through to commercialization requires a complex multidisciplinary structure.Inventors need to establish product requirements, the intended application and material requirements, the device’s intended duration of use, and the materials from which the device will be made.Prior to commercialization, product tests must be conducted to ensure stability, design verification, process validation, FDA approval, safety and regulatory clearance.IDEA Labs (Innovation, Design, and Engineering in Action) has created a biomedical design and entrepreneurship incubator that connects clinicians to share their clinical problems with students from multidisciplinary backgrounds and work in teams to develop innovative health solutions.Designers, engineers and scientists work closely with medical practitioners, healthcare providers and patients to determine product function, health benefits and regulatory viability.

Keyword: Medical device commercialization, product testing, clinical trials, technological lag, IDEA Labs, Scientists and healthcare professionals disconnect.

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IJSRED

Nik Tehrani " Challenges in Medical Device Commercialization " Vol 2-Issue 2 (1-5) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P1
2
Healthcare-Associated & Hospital Acquired Infection and its Infection Control
Author(s): Adil Raza, Megha Chaudhary
Page(s): 06-16
Abstract

Background: Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs/HAIs) are increasingly driving the outcomes of patients in both acute and long-term care health facilities. Device-associated infections (DAIs) such as ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLA-BSIs), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CA-UTIs) and surgical-site infections (SSIs) together account for most of the HAIs across the world.[1,2] Objectives: The prevalence of healthcare-associated & nosocomial infections.Monitoring of hospital-associated infections-by the development of surveillance system. Prevalence: Prevention of nosocomial infections requires an integrated, monitored, programme, which includes the following key components-Confining transmission of microorganisms amid patients in direct patient care over adequate hand washing and glove use, and appropriate aseptic practice, isolation strategies, sterilization and disinfection practices, and laundry. Controlling environmental risks for infection. Protecting patients with acknowledge use of prophylactic antimicrobials, nutrition, and vaccinations. Checking the risk of endogenous disease by minimizing invasive procedures and promoting optimal antimicrobial use. Enhancing team patient care practices, and enduring team education. Infection control is the authority of all healthcare experienced - doctors, nurses, therapists, pharmacists, engineers and others.[49] Conclusion: Infection control is a never ending struggle as medicine becomes more invasive and the proportion of ageing and immuno-compromised patients in our population continues to increase. Moreover Microbiology laboratory is becoming an integral part of HAI prevention programmes.

Keyword: Hospital Acquired Infection, Control, Microbiology, Healthcare-associated infections , nosocomial infections.

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IJSRED

Adil Raza, Megha Chaudhary " Healthcare-Associated & Hospital Acquired Infection and its Infection Control " Vol 2-Issue 2 (06-16) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P2
3
Review of Integrated Thermal Energy Storage with Cogeneration System
Author(s): Jaspal Singh, Ms.Maninder, Mr.Inderjit Singh
Page(s): 17-29
Abstract

The use of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) with an overall effectiveness from 70 to 90% is one of the most effective solutions to minimize the energy utilization. Mainly caused by interdependence of the power as well as heat in these systems, the optimal operation of CHP systems is a composite optimization issue that requires powerful solutions. This paper discourse the optimal day-ahead scheduling of CHP units with Thermal Storage Systems (TSSs). Fundamentally, the optimal scheduling of CHP units problemis a complex optimization problem with innumerable stochastic besides deterministic variables. The initial stage models behavior of operating parameters and to minimizes the operation costs or price meantime the second stage examine the system's Thermal Storage Systems scenarios. The fruitfulness of the proposed algorithm has been examined. This paper illustrates Firefly algorithm (FA) to probe CHPED with Thermal Storage Systems with bounded feasible operating region. The main prospective of this technique is that it proper the fairness between local and global search. A comparative investigation of the FA with (RCGA), (NSGAII), (SPEA2) is introduced.

Keyword: : Thermal Storage Systems (TSSs), TSS Modelling, Cost Function,CHP Unit Firefly Algorithm (FA).

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IJSRED

Jaspal Singh, Ms.Maninder, Mr.Inderjit Singh " Review of Integrated Thermal Energy Storage with Cogeneration System " Vol 2-Issue 2 (17-29) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P3
4
Retinal Blood Vessel Zoning
Author(s): Chesti Altaff Hussain, K.M.S.S.Manikantesh, J.Narendra Babu, M.Thapaswi, J.Harshavardhan Reddy
Page(s): 30-35
Abstract

The common method image enhancement is used in histogram equalization .histogram is used to contrast the entire image by this we can reduce the noise in that image but in histogram equalization we will remove the noise on entire image which is not suitable for some applications bit in CLAHE (contrast limited adapting histogram equalization) method is based on adaptive histogram equalization in this method we perform contrast on small regions where our needed and in thus method by using block side and clip limit we will enhance the image in this general we propose a method using green background clahe method to improve the enhancement process of an image.

Keyword: : Image Enhancement, Equalization, Histogram, Clahe.

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IJSRED

Chesti Altaff Hussain, K.M.S.S.Manikantesh, J.Narendra Babu, M.Thapaswi, J.Harshavardhan Reddy " Retinal Blood Vessel Zoning " Vol 2-Issue 2 (30-35) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P4
5
Voice Command System Using Raspberry Pi
Author(s): M.H. Nandhinee, Akanksha khan, S.P.Audline Beena, Dr.D.Rajinigirinath
Page(s): 36-39
Abstract

Verbal correspondence is an imperative component in personal satisfaction, anyway upwards of 1.4 percent of people can't use common discourse dependably to convey their perspectives and sentiments with others which prompts discourse disadvantages. Discourse handicaps or discourse hindrances are the parts of correspondence issue in which the typical discourse get upset like faltering, lips, and so on. The word incapacity can turn away those individuals who are experiencing serious discourse inabilities from conveying in a method for doing thing that enables them to use for one closures their potential in instruction and entertainment. In this investigation another type of discourse acknowledgment framework is produced which perceives the disarranged discourse of the general population who are experiencing extreme discourse incapacities. Nowadays, users need a device or a communication system which is easy to handle. ASR systems work well for the people who are suffering from severe speech disabilities such as dysarthria which is the most common speech disorder and , these studies shows that there is inverse connection between level of weakness and exactness of speech recognition. This system describes the development of speech recognition system which recognizes the disordered speech.

Keyword: : Speech to text, Raspberry Pi, Voice Command System, Query Processing.

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IJSRED

M.H. Nandhinee, Akanksha khan, S.P.Audline Beena, Dr.D.Rajinigirinath " Voice Command System Using Raspberry Pi " Vol 2-Issue 2 (36-39) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P5
6
Review On Solution Of Short Term Hydrothermal Scheduling Problem By Using Flower Pollination Algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm
Author(s): Jagjeet Singh, Er. Ravinder Kumar
Page(s): 40-46
Abstract

Operation of a system having both hydro and thermal plants is more complicated than the hydro plants which have negligible operating cost but are required to operate under constraints of water available for hydro generation in a given span of time. The main objective of the Hydrothermal Scheduling (HTS) is to minimize the fuel cost of thermal plants with consideration of water availability of hydro plants and various other constraints over a given period of operation. Previously, a wide variety of optimization techniques have applied to solve the Hydrothermal scheduling problems such as simulated annealing (SA), dynamic programming (DP), gradient search differential evolution, evolutionary programming (EP), genetic algorithm (GA), but these methods has drawbacks such as large computation time, algorithm complexity etc. Now we applied particle swarm optimization and flower pollination algorithm to solve particular problem.

Keyword: : Overview, Thermal and Hydro Generation, Hydrothermal Scheduling, Need of Hydrothermal Scheduling, Particle swarm optimization, Flower Pollination Algorithm, Objective Function/Cost Function.

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IJSRED

Jagjeet Singh, Er. Ravinder Kumar "Review On Solution Of Short Term Hydrothermal Scheduling Problem By Using Flower Pollination Algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm" Vol 2-Issue 2 (40-46) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P6
7
IOT Integrated Real time Data Acquisition and Controlling of Power Transformer
Author(s): P. Arjunan, J.Gurumoorthy, T.Mohan, T.RajKumar
Page(s): 47-50
Abstract

The principle point of our proposedframework is to obtain real time data ofpowertransformer with web categorized under internet of things(IOT).Here,the sensors are utilized to detect the principle parameters such as,over voltage,under voltage,over current,oil insulation,power failure,earth leakage detector,online efficiency,which is send to the microcontroller.This controller checks as far as possible which additionally send to the IOT cloud server utilized IOT module of these data ensures the correct data is close by to the administrator and can settle on valuable choices previously any disastrous disappointment on premise of that data of parameters. before failure can occur and by ensuring that the quality of the transformer’s insulation is prevented and this system offers advanced protection and control features.In feature,if this system will be implemented by the utilities of our country, a huge amount of money can be saved which is spent on the repair of transformer.

Keyword: : IOT,cloud server,Real time data acquisition,Transformers,Sensors.

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IJSRED

P. Arjunan, J.Gurumoorthy, T.Mohan, T.RajKumar "IOT Integrated Real time Data Acquisition and Controlling of Power Transformer" Vol 2-Issue 2 (47-50) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P7
8
Service Rating Prediction using PMF Algorithm
Author(s): M.Arumugalakshmi, A.Lavanya, S.Pradeep,J.Sangeetha
Page(s): 51-54
Abstract

A number of data mining systems was proposed for processing such huge data in an efficient way. Designing the architectural framework is the challenging part in web-enabled data mining system. Social networks had enhanced by intelligent mobile device and positioning techniques which allows users to share their experiences, reviews, ratings, photos, check-ins, etc. Everyone is choosing items based on the others ratings and reviews. We mine user’s rating for any item and mine between user’s rating differences and user to user geographical location distances, called as user-user geographical connection, interpersonal interest similarity, are unified rating prediction modules that is used to communicate with the user. It is used to display positive correlation, negative correlation, average score and standard score in a text document using Probabilistic matrix factorization Algorithm.

Keyword: : Rating prediction, social network, PMF Algorithm, LBSN, NLP.

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IJSRED

M.Arumugalakshmi, A.Lavanya, S.Pradeep, J.Sangeetha "Service Rating Prediction using PMF Algorithm" Vol 2-Issue 2 (51-54) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P8
9
Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate and Coarse Aggregate by Waste Glass Powder and Coconut Shell
Author(s): D.Manimozhi, S.Govindhan
Page(s): 55-61
Abstract

Concrete is the mixture of various materials coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, cement & water, each of them is mixed in various proportions to achieve specific strength.coarse aggregate and fine aggregatebeing the most important material plays an important role in the manufacturing of concrete. The cost of conventional construction materials is high .This is necessity research for some new kind of alternative materials in the constructions field. Waste glass in the form of fine aggregate and coconut shell as coarse aggregate can be used. The proportion of the mineral and mixtures is applied in testing cubes for their workability, compression strength and flexural strength.

Keyword: : coconut shell, waste glass powder, compression, flexural, workability.

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IJSRED

D.Manimozhi, S.Govindhan "Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate and Coarse Aggregate by Waste Glass Powder and Coconut Shell" Vol 2-Issue 2 (55-61) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P9
10
Keyd: Secure Key-Deduplication With Identity-Based Broadcast Encryption
Author(s): Mr.Naveen Durai K, Dhivya bharathi S, Shobana sri S, Monisha S
Page(s): 62-63
Abstract

Deduplication is a technique used for removing duplicate copies of data in the cloud in order to reduce the storage space and upload bandwidth. Before outsourced, the data which is about to be upload in the cloud will be encrypted for ensuring data confidentiality. Traditional encryption will produce different ciphertexts which are produced from the same plain text by different user's secret key, which makes difficult for deduplication. To overcome this problem, we go for Convergent Encryption which naturally encrypts the same plain texts into same ciphertexts. This project explains the problem of achieving reliable key management in secure deduplication. since we use the baseline approach for key management for maintaining an enormous number of keys with the increasing number of users where user have to protect their master key from the third party. So we designed a novel client-side deduplication protocol named KeyD by using Identity-based broadcast Encryption (IBBE) instead of the independent key management server. The user will interact with the cloud service provider(CSP) while uploading files and downloading it. Security Analysis explains that KeyD ensures data confidentiality and convergent key security at the same time it provides ownership privacy. Our scheme makes better tradeoff among storage cost,communication and computation overhead.

Keyword: : Deduplication, proof of ownership,convergent encryption, key management.

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IJSRED

Mr.Naveen Durai K, Dhivya bharathi S, Shobana sri S, Monisha S "Keyd: Secure Key-Deduplication With Identity-Based Broadcast Encryption" Vol 2-Issue 2 (62-63) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P10
11
Pharmacognostic Investigation of Dried Powdered Young Leaves of Traditional Medicinal Plant Phyllanthus Muellerianus Used for Treating Asthma In Sierra Leone
Author(s): LahaiKoroma, T.B.R. Yormahb, L.M. Kamarab, G.M.T. Robert
Page(s): 64-77
Abstract

Pharmacognostic and mineral analysis of dried powdered young leaves of traditional medicinal plant Phyllanthus muellerianus used for treating asthma in Sierra Leone has been carried out. The colour of the dried powdered leaves was brown, wood odour and had bitter taste indicating that the plant organ investigated contained alkaloids. The following reagents 1M NaOH (aq), 1M NaOH (alc.), Ammonia, 50% HCl and 50% HNO3 gave fluorescent derivatives under U/V Lamp. Phytochemical screeningrevealed the presence of carbohydrates, alkaloid, flavonoids, sterols/terpenes and saponins, proteins and tannins in the chloroform, ethanol, methanol and aqueous extracts support the use of the plant in traditional medicine. Elemental analysis of the sample was performed with a Niton XL3t GOLDD + Hand held X-ray Fluorescence (Thermo Fisher) indicated that the plant organ investigated contained large amounts of nutrients rich in K, Ca, Mg, Al and Fe. The other elements present in smaller quantities were Ti, Mn, Sc,Zn, Sr, Zr, Rb, V and Mo.The elements Mn, V and Cu were not within the Limits of detection of the equipment. Essential elements play important roles in asthma genesis since they take part in oxidative stress reactions as cofactors of antioxidant enzymes. Zinc is an important trace element and its concentration is frequently used to evaluate inflammatory diseases in asthma genesis. Copper concentrations in human blood serum of bronchial asthma patients have been reported to be higher than in healthy individuals. In this research work Zinc concentration in the plant organ investigated was found to be higher than copper. Hence the high concentration of Zinc and low concentration of copper in the plant organ investigated support the use of the plant in traditional medicine for the treatment asthma. The incidence of asthma can be reduced or prevented with the administration of cold decoction of the dried powdered Leaves of Phyllanthus muellerianus plant or intake of zinc supplements.

Keyword: Pharmacognostic, mineral analysis, asthma genesis, Soxhlet extraction and Fluorescence analysis.

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IJSRED

LahaiKoroma, T.B.R. Yormahb, L.M. Kamarab, G.M.T. Robert " Pharmacognostic Investigation of Dried Powdered Young Leaves of Traditional Medicinal Plant Phyllanthus Muellerianus Used for Treating Asthma In Sierra Leone" Vol 2-Issue 2 (64-77) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P11
12
High Capacity and Optimized Image Steganography Technique based on Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm
Author(s): A. Priya
Page(s): 78-95
Abstract

The tremendous development of digital technology, it is mandatory to address the security while transmitting information over network in a way that observer couldn’t depict it. Measures to be taken to provide the security by establishing hidden communication using steganography principle which is help to camouflage the secret information in some carrier file such as text, image, audio and video. In this era of hidden data communication, image becoming an effective tool on account of their frequency, capability and accuracy. Image steganography uses an image as a carrier medium to hide the secret data. The main motive of this article is that the uses the combination of frequency domain and optimization method inorder to increasing in robustness. In this article, Integer Wavelet transform is performed into the host image and coefficients have been transformed. ACO optimization algorithm is used to find the optimal coefficients where to hide the data. Furthermore, sample images and information having been demonstrated which proved the increased robustness as well as high level of data embeddingcapacity.

Keyword: Security, Image, steganography, IWT, ACO (Ant Colony Optimization) algorithm.

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IJSRED

A. Priya "High Capacity and Optimized Image Steganography Technique based on Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm" Vol 2-Issue 2 (78-95) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P2
13
Survey : Cryptography Optimization Algorithms
Author(s): M.Geetha, K.Akila
Page(s): 96-104
Abstract

The use of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) with an overall effectiveness from 70 to 90% is one of the most effective solutions to minimize the energy utilization. Mainly caused by interdependence of the power as well as heat in these systems, the optimal operation of CHP systems is a composite optimization issue that requires powerful solutions. This paper discourse the optimal day-ahead scheduling of CHP units with Thermal Storage Systems (TSSs). Fundamentally, the optimal scheduling of CHP units problemis a complex optimization problem with innumerable stochastic besides deterministic variables. The initial stage models behavior of operating parameters and to minimizes the operation costs or price meantime the second stage examine the system's Thermal Storage Systems scenarios. The fruitfulness of the proposed algorithm has been examined. This paper illustrates Firefly algorithm (FA) to probe CHPED with Thermal Storage Systems with bounded feasible operating region. The main prospective of this technique is that it proper the fairness between local and global search. A comparative investigation of the FA with (RCGA), (NSGAII), (SPEA2) is introduced.

Keyword: : Thermal Storage Systems (TSSs), TSS Modelling, Cost Function,CHP Unit Firefly Algorithm (FA).

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IJSRED

M.Geetha, K.Akila "Survey : Cryptography Optimization Algorithms" Vol 2-Issue 2 (96-104) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P13
14
Churn Prediction in Telecom using Classification Algorithms
Author(s): G.M. ApurvaSree, S. Ashika, S. Karthi,V. Sathesh, M. Shankar,J. Pamina
Page(s): 105-120
Abstract

Thetermchurnissaid tobewhencustomersorpeoplemovefromonetelecomserviceprovider toanother. Churnpredictionistheprocessofpredictingwhetherthereisachanceforanycustomerorpeopletochangefromone telecom service provider to another.In recent times, the problem canbepredictedusingadvancedalgorithmslike supportvectormachine,logisticregression,randomforestalgorithm.Churningratecanalsobeanalyzedbyseveralcase machinelearningalgorithms.Inthispaper.Wehavesummarizedacomparativestudyonrateofchurningofcustomers usingdifferentalgorithms.

Keyword: : Randomforestapproach,LogisticRegression,SupportVectorMachine,DataVisualization.

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IJSRED

G.M. ApurvaSree, S. Ashika, S. Karthi,V. Sathesh, M. Shankar,J. Pamina "Churn Prediction in Telecom using Classification Algorithms" Vol 2-Issue 2 (105-120) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P14
15
Protection Trends in Scada Cyber Threats
Author(s): Anusha H S, Amulya C T, Annapoorneshwari M R, Monisha Krishna D S, Mohammed Elahi
Page(s): 121-124
Abstract

The answer to the existing threat issues in SCADA is that these types of threats are becoming more likely, as current SCADA systems and networks increasingly utilize commercially off-the-shelf (COTS) software, connect to the enterprise layer and move toward IP connectivity. These recent changes have contributed to higher threat levels and increased vulnerability. A few short years ago, the chances of someone finding these vulnerabilities and exploiting them were very slim. This was due to the fact that process control systems and SCADA networks were unheard of by the general population and systems were based on specialized platforms that were segregated from the enterprise layer. In recent years, industrial systems have begun to take a front seat in the spot light, due to the focus by the Department of Homeland Security on national critical infrastructure and some unfortunate media coverage. Despite current efforts, there is a high probability that something bad is eventually going to happen. In addition, the number of "SCADA hacking" presentations is increasing at security and hacker conventions, with the number of vulnerabilities discovered within these systems increasing. Bottom line, our little corner of industry is no longer isolated and the word is now out. While cyber security is being given the lions share of attention, with hackers already attracting premature blame from a few recently publicized incidents, the widespread disregard for physical and operational security within many organizations has become a huge concern. Many companies are heavily focused on shoring up their cyber security, with little or no regard for physical security.

Keyword: : Commercially off the shelf (COTS), SCADA hacking.

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IJSRED

Anusha H S, Amulya C T, Annapoorneshwari M R, Monisha Krishna D S, Mohammed Elahi "Protection Trends in Scada Cyber Threats" Vol 2-Issue 2 (121-124) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P15
16
Bone Conduction Transduser
Author(s): Sakshi Santosh Kamble, Shubhada Raosaheb Taktode, Gayatri Ulhas Kadam, Jitesh Vinod Mule, Mr.Pratik Chopade
Page(s): 125-126
Abstract

Bone conduction transducer device is used for those people they cannot hear. Bone conductiontransducer is attractive technology for voice communication system in this project voice get converted into vibration through bone conduction device.

Keyword: : Bone conduction device transducer, voice,vibration.

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IJSRED

Sakshi Santosh Kamble, Shubhada Raosaheb Taktode, Gayatri Ulhas Kadam, Jitesh Vinod Mule, Mr.Pratik Chopade "Bone Conduction Transduser" Vol 2-Issue 2 (125-126) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P16
17
Policy Options for Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into Hydropower Development in Kenya
Author(s): Willis Owino Ochieng, Christopher Oludhe, Simeon Dulo
Page(s): 127-140
Abstract

As climate change continues impacting on various economic sectors all over the world, a lot of efforts are being put on adaptation actions. Energy is one of those sectors contributing more towards GHG emissions while renewable energy technologies have the potential of mitigating GHG emissions. Among all the renewable energy technologies being utilised, hydropower stands out to be the most stable and proven technology over time compared to geothermal, wind, solar, biogas and ocean waves among others. Despite hydropower being capable of mitigating the impacts of climate change while supporting some appropriate adaptation strategies, less emphasis has been put on how to integrate climate change adaptation into the hydropower development activities.
The objective of this study was to assess the existing climate change related policies to identify policy options that can support integration of climate change adaptation into hydropower development. Policy analysis framework methodology was adopted to evaluate the already existing climate change related policies to identify the policy options for integrating climate change adaptation in hydropower developments.
The results indicate there are several existing policies that are capable of supporting the integration of climate change adaptation in to the development of hydropower. This presents opportunities for supporting adaptation actions that are capable of addressing some of the impacts of climate change on the local community. The only existing gap is the formulation of the rules that can ensure that the appropriate actions are implemented on the ground.

Keyword: : Climate change, adaptation, policies, Hydropower development, Kenya.

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IJSRED

Willis Owino Ochieng, Christopher Oludhe, Simeon Dulo "Policy Options for Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into Hydropower Development in Kenya" Vol 2-Issue 2 (127-140) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P17
18
Performance Analysis of the Operation of the Three-Phase Power Relay RM3-TR113QN by Approach Based On Mathematical Morphology
Author(s): Pembesuka Nepa-Nepa Laurent, Kabongo Ntambwe Georges, Banza Wa Banza Bonaventure
Page(s): 141-156
Abstract

The RM3-TR113QN7 relay is a multifunction device designed to monitor the presence and direction of phase rotation in three-phase power, as well as overvoltage (U> Un) or under voltage (U
Keyword: : Performance, Phase failure, overvoltage, under-voltage, incorrect rotational direction of phases.

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IJSRED

Pembesuka Nepa-Nepa Laurent, Kabongo Ntambwe Georges, Banza Wa Banza Bonaventure "Performance Analysis of the Operation of the Three-Phase Power Relay RM3-TR113QN by Approach Based On Mathematical Morphology" Vol 2-Issue 2 (141-156) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P18
19
New Distribution of Rhinoceros Beetle Xylotrupes Taprobanes Ganesha(Silvestre, 2003) in Tamilnadu,India
Author(s): N. Moinudheen, A. Samson, D.Jayabalan, Jothimani
Page(s): 157-159
Abstract

Rhinoceros beetle (Xylotrupes taprobanes ganesha) Silvestre, 2003 recently recorded from Nilgiri hills,Western Ghats. The distribution of this species were reported from Kerala and Tamil Nadu regions so far here after no works were done in this subspecies distribution so for in this region. This present observation ensure the occurrence of X. Taprobanes Ganesha in the Nilgiris show a light on this species ecological work in this region.

Keyword: : Rhinoceros beetle, Dynastinae,Xylotrupes taprobanes ganesha, Nilgiri hills, Western Ghats.

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IJSRED

N. Moinudheen, A. Samson, D.Jayabalan, Jothimani "New Distribution of Rhinoceros Beetle Xylotrupes Taprobanes Ganesha(Silvestre, 2003) in Tamilnadu,India" Vol 2-Issue 2 (157-159) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P19
20
User Opinion towards Internet
Author(s): C.Manjula
Page(s): 160-170
Abstract

In the present age of information technology, use of internet is becoming quite popular for accessing information on any topic of your interest. It also provides tremendous opportunities to students, researchers and professionals for getting information on matters related to academic and professional topic and lot more. In the present world, most of the people who have computers around themselves use internet to access information from the World Wide Web, exchange messaging and documents and e-services.The internet is the worldwide “network of networks” that links millions of computers together via copper wires, fibre-optic cables, wireless connections, and other telecommunication channels.The internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard internets that use the standard internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide. It is a network that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business and government networks, of local to global scope, that are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless and optional networking technologies. The internet carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support electronic mail. .

Keyword: : Information technology, Global system, Inter-link, World Wide Web, Network of networks, Electronic mail.

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IJSRED

C.Manjula "User Opinion towards Internet" Vol 2-Issue 2 (160-170) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P20
21
Signature Tower - III Unitech
Author(s): Manpreet Singh, Satgur Singh
Page(s): 171-240
Abstract

My responsibilities towards the training was to maintain the team work between the workers and to motivate them towards their work, provide all requirements that they need on the site. My experience in this training is very crucial, that was a life time experience. I learned many things on the site like work management, work as a leader, self expression, creativity and originality, gain experience from experienced engineers. After taking training in this, I have learnt a lot about theoretical background and achieve practical experience. It seems to me that the practical knowledge is essential to be an efficient civil engineer.

Keyword: ----.

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IJSRED

Manpreet Singh, Satgur Singh " Signature Tower - III Unitech" Vol 2-Issue 2 (171-240) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P21
22
Traffic Congestion Control
Author(s): Varshini R, Sahana R, Shilpa S, Vaishnavi R, Zabiha Khan, Mohammed Elahi
Page(s): 241-246
Abstract

An Embedded system is a system that has software embedded into computer hardware which makes a system dedicated to an application or specific part of an application. An embedded system is one that has dedicated purpose software embedded in computer hardware. It is independent system or a part of large system. It is an electronic device that contains microprocessor or microcontroller and digital signal processor is used for image processing. A processor is an important unit in the embedded system hardware. It is the heart of the embedded system. Embedded systems are especially suited for use in transportation, fire safety, safety and security, medical applications and life critical systems as these systems can be isolated from hacking and thus be more reliable..

Keyword: Traffic Congestion, Microcontroller, Embedded System, Image Processing, RFID.

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IJSRED

Varshini R, Sahana R, Shilpa S, Vaishnavi R, Zabiha Khan, Mohammed Elahi "Traffic Congestion Control" Vol 2-Issue 2 (241-246) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P22
23
Analysis Of The Effect Of Risk Profile, Earning, and Capital on Profit Management in Indonesia Persero Bank
Author(s): Yullyandra Mursyal, Mohamad Adam, Marlina Widiyanti
Page(s): 247-257
Abstract

This study aims to examine and provide empirical evidence regarding the effect of risk profile, earnings, and capital on earnings management. The number of samples in the study were 4 state banks listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2013 - 2017. Hypothesis testing was carried out using a t-test with the SPSS (Statistical Program for Social Science) program. The results showed that there was an influence of risk profile, earnings, and partial capital on earnings management. There needs to be another analysis that can predict earnings management actions in banks.

Keyword: Analysis of Bank Soundness, RBBR, Profit Management, and State Banks.

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IJSRED

Yullyandra Mursyal, Mohamad Adam, Marlina Widiyanti "Analysis Of The Effect Of Risk Profile, Earning, and Capital on Profit Management in Indonesia Persero Bank" Vol 2-Issue 2 (247-257) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P23
24
Comparison of Flipped Classroom Approach with Traditional Classroom Environment for Undergraduate Engineering Students
Author(s): K.Kanimozhil, B.Raja Mohmed Rabi
Page(s): 258-262
Abstract

A multidisciplinary approach shall give a better idea about the teaching learning skills of undergraduate engineering students. In this paper, we have compared two engineering classrooms, one involving only engineering students of same branch learning a core paper of electrical engineering department with flipped classroom environment and the other including groups of an engineering student from a various disciplines leaning a management paper with traditional classroom handling with PPT slides as class material. Thirty five engineering students from chemical engineering branch from the individual flipped classroom and 40 students of mixed branches from the multidisciplinary flipped classroom are involved in the analysis. During the semester, first group l students were given class notes and videos before the class and then participated in weekly classes. Second group of students were taught in regular classroom environment. Students’ motivational experiences and periodical test performances were assessed at the end of the semester. The results showed that student preferences in employing motivational regulation between flipped classroom and normal regular were different. Also, the students participated in the flipped classroom exhibited higher learning ability.

Keyword: Flipped Classroom, Traditional classroom, Engineering Students, Multidisciplinary group.

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IJSRED

K.Kanimozhil, B.Raja Mohmed Rabi " Comparison of Flipped Classroom Approach with Traditional Classroom Environment for Undergraduate Engineering Students " Vol 2-Issue 2 (258-262) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P24
25
Performance Analysis Of Expansive Soil Treated With Stone Dust and Fly ASH
Author(s): Yashpal Rajput, Rakesh Sakale, Hirendra Pratap Singh
Page(s): 263-276
Abstract

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Keyword: -.

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IJSRED

Yashpal Rajput, Rakesh Sakale, Hirendra Pratap Singh "Performance Analysis Of Expansive Soil Treated With Stone Dust and Fly ASH" Vol 2-Issue 2 (263-276) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P25
26
Robotic Car Using Arduino with Bluetooth Conrtoller
Author(s): Vijayalakshmi S, Archana M
Page(s): 277-281
Abstract

The Android controlled temperature sensing RoboCar. The working is based on Android OS, Arduino, L298N motor, DC motor driver, temperature sensor-DHT11 and Bluetooth module. Arduino is an open-source prototype platform. Sensing the environment of the temperature sensor. Remote control car, with an Arduino, L298N motor and Bluetooth module. Sensing the temperature, with an DHT11, Arduino and Bluetooth module. Upload the code to the Arduino using the knowledge of programming. The Arduino code simulated on software and be interface with the hardware. The device can be controlled by any smart device with android. AirDroid is an app exclusive to Android which enables you to connect your device to PC through a Wi-Fi controller of wireless network. It is used to connect the mobile camera to view in our pc to fixing in the car. It also used to view the location of the car. The Robotic car sense the temperature to view by the mobile app. All the controls of the vehicle on the app on that device. It is used to sense the environment of the military force before doing some of the process. It is used for the sensing the environment of the system..

Keyword: Android OS, Bluetooth, App controller, DC motors, L298N Motor Driver, Temperature sensors, Arduino Uno, Battery, PC..

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IJSRED

Vijayalakshmi S, Archana M "Robotic Car Using Arduino with Bluetooth Conrtoller" Vol 2-Issue 2 (277-281) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P26
27
Experimental Study of Flexural Behaviour on Ferrocement Concrete Beam
Author(s): R.Vinoth
Page(s): 282-293
Abstract

Ferrocement is a form of reinforcement that differs from conventional reinforcement primarily by the manner in which the reinforcing elements are dispersed and arranged. The well distributed and aligned reinforcement has made ferrocement to behave like steel plates. As concrete is weak in tension the tensile stresses in flexural member is resisted by steel reinforcement. Hence in this project presents about an experimental investigation done on beam prototype made of reinforced concrete overlaid by a thin section of ferrocement under the main reinforcement. The major parameter studied in this project were type of ferrocement varied in spacing of interlocks. The entire beams prototypes were tested using two point loading system. Test results clearly indicate that the use of ferrocement layers as an additional reinforcement significantly enhances the flexural strength and cracking behaviour. Obtained results are compared with the control specimen. The test results show that the use of ferrocement with closely spacing provides the flexural strength and decreases the crack width among those concrete beam specimens. The results obtained from this work is expected to be useful in .determining the strength and crack width.

Keyword: ferrocement, Flexural strength, concrete beam, crack width, reinforcement.

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IJSRED

R.Vinoth "Experimental Study Of Flexural Behaviour On Ferrocement Concrete Beam" Vol 2-Issue 2 (282-293) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P27
28
Detection of Human Heart Rate and Respiratory Rate Using Thermal Infrared Image
Author(s): D. Malathi, A.Mathangopi, Dr.D.RajiniGirinath
Page(s): 294-299
Abstract

To achieve the simultaneous and unobtrusive breathing rate (BR) and heart rate (HR) measurements a far-infrared imager and an infrared camera equipped with IR-Cut lens and an infrared lighting array to develop a dual-camera imaging system.Heart rate is an important indicator for the mental and physical state, but it is usually measured through physical contact. In this paper a method introduced,where by measuring variations in color of reflected light, i.e., Hue, and can therefore measure both HR and respiratory rate (RR) from the image of a subject’s face.The HR and respiratory signals measured remotely by using a Kinect sensor with a detection range of 3 meters. The overall performance of the proposed technique is acceptable for BR and HR estimations during nighttime.

Keyword: Heart rate, infrared sequence images, wavelet transform, thermal imaging, diagnostic imaging.

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IJSRED

D. Malathi, A.Mathangopi, Dr.D.RajiniGirinath "Detection of Human Heart Rate and Respiratory Rate Using Thermal Infrared Image" Vol 2-Issue 2 (294-299) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P28
29
RP-89 : Formulation of Some Classes ofSolvable Standard Quadratic Congruence moduloa Prime Integer - Multiple of Three & Ten
Author(s): Prof.B M Roy, Prof.A.A.Qureshi
Page(s): 300-305
Abstract

In this paper, the authors formulated two special types of standard quadratic congruence modulo a prime integer- multiple of three and ten. The standard quadratic congruence of prime modulus is discussed in the literature of mathematics. But no formulation was found for the congruence of the said type. It was not formulated by earlier mathematicians.So, the authors tried their best to formulate the said congruence. Formulation is the merit of the paper.

Keyword: Composite modulus, Chinese Remainder theorem,Quadratic congruence.

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IJSRED

Prof. B M Roy, Prof. A. A. Qureshi "RP-89 : Formulation of Some Classes ofSolvable Standard Quadratic Congruence moduloa Prime Integer - Multiple of Three & Ten" Vol 2-Issue 2 (300-305) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P29
30
Experimental and Analysis Of Cold Formed Steel Channel Section
Author(s): E.Dayana
Page(s): 306-321
Abstract

The comparison of cold formed steel section and hot rolled steel section of equal cross sectional area is done in this project. Sections were experimentally tested under axial, biaxial and eccentric compression in universal testing machine. Simultaneously, ultimate compressive strength of cold formed members and hot rolled members has been investigated. Also, different properties of the sections are obtained experimentally. The validation of results is done by preparing finite element model in “ABAQUS 6.11” SOFTWARE under point loading with fixed end condition.

Keyword: cold formed steel, axial, biaxial, finite element model, under point loading and fixed end condition.

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IJSRED

E.Dayana "Experimental and Analysis Of Cold Formed Steel Channel Section" Vol 2-Issue 2 (306-321) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P30
31
Monitoring System for Defects in Rail Track
Author(s): K. Gayathiri, R.Gomathi
Page(s): 322-326
Abstract

The comparison of cold formed steel section and hot rolled steel section of equal cross sectional area is done in this project. Sections were experimentally tested under axial, biaxial and eccentric compression in universal testing machine. Simultaneously, ultimate compressive strength of cold formed members and hot rolled members has been investigated. Also, different properties of the sections are obtained experimentally. The validation of results is done by preparing finite element model in “ABAQUS 6.11” SOFTWARE under point loading with fixed end condition.

Keyword: cold formed steel, axial, biaxial, finite element model, under point loading and fixed end condition.

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IJSRED

K. Gayathiri, R.Gomathi "Monitoring System for Defects in Rail Track" Vol 2-Issue 2 (322-326) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P31
32
High Frequency Surgical C Arm with Stationary Anode Tube with 9” Image Intensifier and Computerized Work Station
Author(s): Manpreet Kaur
Page(s): 327-330
Abstract

ADONIS High Frequency 50 kHz , Stationary Anode , 3.5 kW Mobile Surgical C-Arm for Mobile Fluoroscopic Applications incorporating many performance advances that provide a new level of efficiency , system , reliability and simplicity of operations . The system is designed to meet a wide range of functional needs in Urology operations. This paper provides an extensive overview of mobile surgical C-Arm including technical specifications, composition etc.

Keyword: ADONIS; X-ray Machine; Mobile Surgical C-Arm.

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IJSRED

Manpreet Kaur "High Frequency Surgical C Arm with Stationary Anode Tube with 9” Image Intensifier and Computerized Work Station" Vol 2-Issue 2 (327-330) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P32
33
Signature Recognition using Statistical-ANN Hybrid Technique
Author(s): Rohit Kumar, Simranjit Kaur, Bhanu Gupta
Page(s): 331-336
Abstract

There exist a number of biometrics methods today e.g. Signatures, Fingerprints, Iris etc. There is considerable interest in authentication based on handwritten signature verification system as it is the cheapest way to authenticate the person. Fingerprints and Iris verification require the installation of costly equipments and hence cannot be used at day to day places like Banks etc. As Forensic experts cannot be employed at every place, there has been considerable effort towards developing algorithms that could verify and authenticate the individual’s identity. Many times the signatures are not even readable by human beings. Therefore a signature is treated as an image carrying a certain pattern of pixels that pertains to a specific individual. Signature Verification Problem therefore is concerned with determining whether a particular signature truly belongs to a person or not. The system proposed for Offline Signature Recognition utilizes a dual hybrid approach where features are extracted using statistical approach and classifier is based on neural network approach. The system can be tested available signature database.

Keyword: signature recognition, biometrics, statistical approach, neural network, MATLAB.

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IJSRED

Rohit Kumar, Simranjit Kaur, Bhanu Gupta "Signature Recognition using Statistical-ANN Hybrid Technique" Vol 2-Issue 2 (331-336) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P33
34
What are the aspects affecting the Usage of English Language: Student’s Perspectives in Saudi Arabia
Author(s): Jehanzeb
Page(s): 337-351
Abstract

The widespread use of the English language and the globalization of the worldhave made it mandatory for the English learners’ to be more efficient in oral communication. Speaking is one of the most important skills to be developed and enhanced as means of effective communication. Many language learners find it difficult to express themselves in spoken language. Therefore, college students are required to have high oral English competence. We find that undergraduate students are generally facing problems to use the foreign language and express their thoughts effectively and confidently. They face many psychological obstacles or cannot find the suitable words and expressions. The inaccurate articulation and inadequacyof an English learner is an indication of the problem. Therefore a need was felt to discover the reasons behind this worrying trend. Due to the scarcity of research in Al-Quwaiyiyah, Saudi Arabia, it would be a timely study to redress this issue. The present study aims to explore the speaking problems of a cross-section of undergraduate students foundation level (Prep year), Nursing and Laboratory students in Communicative English in Al-Quwaiyiyah Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Our results demonstrated that most of the students like to communicate in English and be a part of the English-only environment; however they acknowledged some key factors that prevented them from speaking English. Fundamental factors included linguistics, individual, social, psychological and institutional which were largely based upon their beliefs, assumptions, needs and desires. This paper aims at establishing the need to focus on the factors affecting on language learners’ English speaking skill. It may also help teachers and educators to understand the underlying factors that compel students to speak their first languages instead of English. The study identified the main learning difficulties in English speaking as observed by the students. Finally, some suggestions expected to be significant remedies to overcome the problem based on the results of the study.

Keyword: social, assessment, self-confidence. Speaking,obstacles..

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IJSRED

Jehanzeb "What are the aspects affecting the Usage of English Language: Student’s Perspectives in Saudi Arabia" Vol 2-Issue 2 (337-351) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P34
35
The Effect Of Dimensions Of Service Quality On Customer Satisfaction In Mandiri Sharia Banks Of Palembang Branch
Author(s): Djaka Perkasa Wibowo, Syamsurijal, Zakaria Wahab
Page(s): 352-361
Abstract

This study attempts to analyze the influence of service quality dimensions for customer satisfaction in Bank Syariah Mandiri Cabang Palembang consisting of Reliability (X1), Responsiveness (X2), Insurance (X3), Empathy (X4), Intangible (X5) to customer satisfaction (Y) Respondents from this study were customers of Bank Syariah Mandiri Cabang Palembang. The data collected consists of primary data and secondary data. Primary data was obtained through questionnaires distributed to 100 respondents. Secondary data is obtained from various sources such as journals, books, internet, and other literature. Statistical analysis tests performed include validity test, reliability test, multiple regression test analysis, partial significance test, simultaneous significance test, determination coefficient test, and others. The results of partial analysis of service quality dimensions, namely reliability (X1), responsiveness (X2), guarantee (X3), empathy (X4), tangibility (X5) have a positive and significant effect on customer satisfaction of Bank Syariah Mandiri (Y). Simultaneously there is a significant effect between reliability (X1), responsiveness (X2), collateral (X3), empathy (X4), tangibility (X5) on customer satisfaction of Bank Syariah Mandiri (Y). The results of this study are expected to be an input for the management of Bank Syariah Mandiri in improving the quality of its services. The management of Bank Syariah Mandiri must be able to understand what the customer wants so that the services at Bank Syariah Mandiri can continue to be improved.

Keyword: Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, Empathy, Tangible, Satisfaction.

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IJSRED

Djaka Perkasa Wibowo, Syamsurijal, Zakaria Wahab "The Effect Of Dimensions Of Service Quality On Customer Satisfaction In Mandiri Sharia Banks Of Palembang Branch" Vol 2-Issue 2 (352-361) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P35
36
Scrutiny Mechanism By Raspbian
Author(s): Mr.Hariharan, Gowtham Viswanath R, Jaber Sadiq A, Janarthanan S, Sujithra A, Vishnu Priya R
Page(s): 362-364
Abstract

In small scale motor manufacturing industries, there is a problem while packing the motor or products. Sometime one company's product packed in another company pack. So the main idea of this project is to place the right product in right box. Our idea is to monitor this packing stage by keeping a camera in an adjustable mounting stand near the dispatching end of this manufacturing process. Based on industrial requirement with the help of Raspberry Pi Camera, a right product is identified, verified based on condition and has been dispatched to right node. A database of name plate details of products is created for future reference. While verifying name plate details, if any mismatch between name plate details and packing box path the notification to operator is given by a buzzer. This project will helpful for further implementation by using image processing.

Keyword: - - -.

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IJSRED

Mr.Hariharan, Gowtham Viswanath R, Jaber Sadiq A, Janarthanan S, Sujithra A, Vishnu Priya R "Scrutiny Mechanism By Raspbian" Vol 2-Issue 2 (362-364) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P36
37
An Adaptive Mechanism for development of Android Application for College Management
Author(s): Shantanu Khond , Jitesh Raut , Vinay Faye , Prashant Rangrajan , Shailesh Kurzadkar
Page(s): 365-367
Abstract

With the advancement in technology, higher expectations of productivity and quality of work there is a need for faster dissemination of information. At the college we rely on traditional means of communication heavily. This limits us in our ability to make most of the time, effort and resource. Connected, personalized, intelligent information appliances are becoming increasingly important in our personal and professional lives. Although a dedicated platform is not required, the current means of communication available to us at the college are time-consuming, inefficient, cause redundancy and require unnecessary manual labor which can be easily prevented with the application. The application is being specially developed with academia in perspective hence will prove to be of more use than just a communication channel.

Keyword: Android Application, Android Operating System, Dreamnix, Google, KDKCE, Open Source Mobile Platform.

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IJSRED

Shantanu Khond , Jitesh Raut , Vinay Faye , Prashant Rangrajan , Shailesh Kurzadka "An Adaptive Mechanism for development of Android Application for College Management" Vol 2-Issue 2 (365-367) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P37
38
Hierarchical Identity Based Encryption for Mobile Cloud Computing Using Lightweight Data Sharing Scheme
Author(s): Boobalan. P, Anand.B, Gunalini.B, Ilakkiya. P
Page(s): 368-373
Abstract

With the event of cloud computing and therefore the quality of sensible mobile devices, folk’s area unit step by step obtaining aware of a replacement era of information sharing within which the information isstored on the cloud and therefore the mobile devices area unit accustomed store/retrieve the information from the cloud. Typically, mobile devices solely have restricted space for storing and computing power. In this paper, we describe the Lightweight Data Sharing Scheme (LDSS) system design. First, we give the overview of LDSS, and then we present LDSSHierarchical Identity Based Encryption(HIBE) algorithm and system operations, which are the base of the LDSS algorithm. Finally, we describe LDSS in details. In LDSS, the proxy encryption server and proxy decryption server are introduced to assist users to encrypt and decrypt data so that user-side overhead can be minimized. In essence, proxy servers are machines within the cloud. Thus, we have a tendency to take into account that they’re honest however curious even as the Cloud Service Provider (CSP)..

Keyword: HIBE, MOBILE COULD COMPUTING, DATA ENCRYPTION, LDSS,CSP..

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IJSRED

Boobalan. P, Anand.B, Gunalini.B, Ilakkiya. P "Hierarchical Identity Based Encryption for Mobile Cloud Computing Using Lightweight Data Sharing Scheme" Vol 2-Issue 2 (368-373) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P38
39
Remote Health Monitoring using Embedded Systems
Author(s): Dr. Reshma J
Page(s): 374-380
Abstract

The increase in the population of aged people is now the leading healthcare concern of many countries in the world. With improvement in technology and miniaturization of sensors, there have been attempts to utilize the new technology in various areas to improve the quality of human life. The people in need of healthcare services find it very expensive. This is particularly true in developing countries. The developments have seen a trend known as Remote Healthcare or previously known as Telemedicine. With improvement in technology, previously expensive hospital equipment has been redesigned using current technology. As a result, Remote Health Monitoring is an attempt to solve the healthcare problem facing the society. The main objective of the Remote Health Monitoring is to design a remote healthcare system. In real life, the patient has to be monitored constantly. An automatic alerting system will notify a helper or relative of the patient who is at a remote location. Sensors are used to monitor the pulse rate, temperature and generate ECG of the patient. Sensors senses the values and sends it to the android phone. In case of emergency, message is sent to the patient’s relative. And also the appointments at the hospital will be reminded to the patient. The focus of this work is to survey the existing Remote Health Monitoring System using embedded systems. The main intention of Remote Health Monitoring is to automatically provide the prescription to the patient according to their condition.

Keyword: Cloud Computing, GSM (Global System for Mobile communication), IOT, Embedded System, ECG Kit, Heart rate, Blood Pressure Device, Android, Temperature.

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IJSRED

Dr. Reshma J "Remote Health Monitoring using Embedded Systems" Vol 2-Issue 2 (374-380) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P39
40
Effective Perishable Inventory Management & Ordering Strategy cycle for Sustainability of Business
Author(s): Dr.Ansuman Sahoo , Ms.Anasuya Swain
Page(s): 381-386
Abstract

Inventory management is a process of minimizing the investment and control of inventory. Generally perishable product inventory are important and challenging task for entrepreneur to maintain its profit and sustainability of its business with the balanceof supply and demand of agricultural products in current scenario.Perishable product like vegetables and fruits selling and its inventory is an issue for the various state governmentof India,whichcreates thefarmer sharassment, sick agriculture industry, NPA of the bank and low GDP. Here the authors have taken ordering strategy cycle with the assumed dataand its challenges,development of strategy and implementationand evaluation as the solution for the problem in the field of perishable inventory management.

Keyword: Inventory, Ordering strategy cycle, NPA, GDP, Price equilibrium.

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IJSRED

Dr.Ansuman Sahoo , Ms.Anasuya Swain "Effective Perishable Inventory Management & Ordering Strategy cycle for Sustainability of Business" Vol 2-Issue 2 (381-386) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P40
41
Drowsiness and Pedestrian Detection With Driver Assistance Security
Author(s): Arun Kumar.K, Balaji.V, Akash.K, Mr.Manoharan.L
Page(s): 387-390
Abstract

Accident may occur with some marked effect due to unpredictable and unintended external action with no apparent. We propose three distinct but closely related concepts viz. a Drowsy Driver Detection system, a traffic detection system with external vehicle intrusion avoidance based concept, Pedestrian Detection and Night vision. A new approach towards automobile safety and security with autonomous region based automatic car system is proposed in this concept. In recent time's automobile fatigue related crashes have really magnified. In order to overcome this we introduce an embedded based intelligent system that incorporates driver alert system by monitoring both the driver's eyes as well as sensing driver situation based AI system is proposed. This prototype is designed with minimum number of circuits.

Keyword: - - -.

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IJSRED

Arun Kumar.K, Balaji.V, Akash.K, Mr.Manoharan.L "Drowsiness and Pedestrian Detection With Driver Assistance Security" Vol 2-Issue 2 (387-390) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P41
42
Assessment of The Impact of Interest Rate Liberalization on Economic Growth in Nigeria: 1970 – 2013
Author(s): Aaron Dauda Impalure, Isah U. Shuaib, Forongn A. Dore
Page(s): 391-402
Abstract

Before the liberalization of interest rates in Nigeria, the financial sector was operating under financial regulations and interest rates were repressed. The repression discouraged savings mobilization and investment which consequently retard economic growth. This study examined the impact of interest rate liberalization on Nigeria’s economic growth from 1970 to 2013, using time series data. The Augmented Dicker Fuller unit root test was used to ascertain the stationary levels of the variables, while the Johansen co-integration test was used to test the long term relationship of the variables. The Ordinary Least Square method of estimation was used to analyse the variables. The result of the study revealed that the adoption of interest rate liberalization policy by the Central Bank of Nigeria is significant and do lead to economic growth in the long run. Based on the findings, it was recommended that the Central Bank of Nigeria should bring reforms that would reduce the spread between the lending and the deposit rate and also avoid policy reversal and concentrate her efforts in fine-tuning the existing policy measures.

Keyword: Interest rate, Liberalization, Economic Growth, Financial Repression, Gross Domestic Product.

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IJSRED

Aaron Dauda Impalure, Isah U. Shuaib, Forongn A. Dore "Assessment of The Impact of Interest Rate Liberalization on Economic Growth in Nigeria:1970 – 2013" Vol 2-Issue 2 (391-402) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P42
43
A Review on Resistance Spot Welding of Steel Material
Author(s): Shaymaa Abdul Khader Al-Jumaili , Raed A.M Al-Mamoori
Page(s): 403-415
Abstract

The resistance spot welding is an efficient welding method. However, the resulted joints are affected by some parameters such as welding current, welding time, and electrode force. The effect of welding parameters on the mechanical properties and failure mode is reviewed in this study. The relationship between the joint strength and welding parameters is presented. The nugget diameterand metallurgy, loading and micro hardness were the target points to be evaluated in this study. The effect of annealing heat treatment on the weldment properties was investigated as well. Few of investigations studied the defect formation in spot weld. The most critical defects such as cracks and cavities are presented as well as the residual. Besides, the effect of welding environments on the joint properties is reviewed in this study. Dissimilar joining of aluminum and steel by using resistance spot welding represents a critical aim in vehicle manufacturing, it is a key challenge for multi-materials lightweight design strategy, and therefore, many investigations studied the dissimilar joining via RSW.

Keyword: Resistance spot welding, Joint strength, Dissimilar joining, Aluminum and SteelMATLAB.

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IJSRED

Shaymaa Abdul Khader Al-Jumaili , Raed A.M Al-Mamoori "A Review on Resistance Spot Welding of Steel Material" Vol 2-Issue 2 (403-415) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P43
44
Analysis of Professional Basic Courses of Mathematics
Author(s): Meng Tian
Page(s): 416-419
Abstract

Professional basic courses play an important role in the current college teaching, which directly determines the prospect of students' professional development. This paper will take the major of mathematics and applied mathematics as an example to analyze the interaction between the basic courses of the specialty. Based on the results obtained, we try to discover the rules of students' scores, and organize mathematics teaching more effectively.

Keyword: Mathematical analysis, Advanced algebra, Spatial analytic geometry, Score analysis.

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IJSRED

Meng Tian "Analysis of Professional Basic Courses of Mathematics" Vol 2-Issue 2 (416-419) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P44
45
Automatic Axle Heat Monitoring Andcontrolling in Railways Using Microcontroller
Author(s): Mr. R.Prem Kumar, Mr.W.Rajan Babu, Ms. N. Pushpalatha, Ms.T.Indujaa, Ms.K.Jeeva, Ms.K.Nayanavathi, Ms.B.Sathana
Page(s): 420-426
Abstract

recent years, the ranges of sensing technologies are expanding rapidly, whereas sensor devices are becoming cheaper. This led to a rapid expansion in condition monitoring of systems, structures, vehicles, machinery etc.,using sensors. Key factors are the recent advances in networking technologies such as wireless communication and mobile ad hoc networking coupled with the technology to integrate devices. WSN can be used for monitoring the railway infrastructure such as bridges, rail tracks, track beds, and track equipment along with vehicle health monitoring such as chassis, bogies, wheels, and wagons. Condition monitoring reduces human inspection requirements by means of automated monitoring, reduces maintenance with te help of detecting faults before they escalate and improves safety and reliability. This is vital for the development, upgrading, and expansion of railway networks. Overheated axle boxes and blocked brakes are the most important and immediate causes for the hazardous conditions in railway operation. A hot box may cause the axle box casting to break and leads the train to derail. So the heat of the axle has to be measured and analyzed regularly. In practice, INDIAN railways each of the axle’s heat will be measured and noted manually by a person. In order to measure the heat of each axle with high efficiency we are putting forth a new methodology called AUTOMATED AXLE HEAT MEASUREMENT.

Keyword: Arduino controller, Contactless temperature sensor, Transformer, LCD, Water pump, Relay.

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IJSRED

Mr. R.Prem Kumar, Mr.W.Rajan Babu, Ms. N. Pushpalatha, Ms.T.Indujaa, Ms.K.Jeeva, Ms.K.Nayanavathi, Ms.B.Sathana "Automatic Axle Heat Monitoring and controlling in Railways Using Microcontroller" Vol 2-Issue 2 (352-361) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P45
46
RAAC: Robust and Auditable Access Control with Multiple Attribute Authorities for Public Cloud Storage
Author(s): Sadiya Kouser C A, Priyanka D P, Preethi S, Umme Saliyath, Zabiha Khan, Mohammed Elahi
Page(s): 427-432
Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel heterogeneous framework to remove the problem of single-point performance bottleneck and provide a more efficient access control scheme with an auditing mechanism. Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE) has been adopted as a promising technique to provide flexible, fine-grained and secure data access control for cloud storage with honest-but-curious cloud servers. Our framework employs multiple attribute authorities to share the load of user legitimacy verification. Meanwhile, in our scheme, a CA (Central Authority) is introduced to generate secret keys for legitimacy verified users. To enhance security, we also propose an auditing mechanism to detect which AA (Attribute Authority) has incorrectly or maliciously performed the legitimacy verification procedure. Unlike other multi authority access control schemes, each of the authorities in our scheme manages the whole attribute set individually.

Keyword: Frame work, CP-ABE, Central Authority, Security Key, Cloud Sever, Data Owner, Data User.

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IJSRED

Sadiya Kouser C A, Priyanka D P, Preethi S, Umme Saliyath, Zabiha Khan, Mohammed Elahi "RAAC: Robust and Auditable Access Control with Multiple Attribute Authorities for Public Cloud Storage" Vol 2-Issue 2 (427-432) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P46
47
Soil Stabilization With Cement
Author(s): KhineZar Mon, SweSweKhaing
Page(s): 433-437
Abstract

This paper presents the classification of soil and modification or stabilization of soil with cement. Soil samples are taken at about 3 ft depth from Mawlamyine which are denoted by soil A. Laboratory tests are conducted to determine the engineering properties and strength characteristics of studied soil with and without cement. Soil stabilization can be explained as the alteration of the soil properties by chemical or physical means in order to enhance the engineering quality of the soil. The soil from site place are performed for laboratory tests and moisture content test, grain-size analysis, atterberg limit test, sieve analysis standard proctor compaction tests and California bearing ratio (CBR) test. The above tests are also carried out the classification of soil and modification or stabilization of soil.

Keyword: Moisture Content, Atterberg Limit, Cement, Compaction, CBR.

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IJSRED

KhineZar Mon, SweSweKhaing "Soil Stabilization With Cement" Vol 2-Issue 2 (433-437) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P47
48
Study of power consumption in 7T SRAMS CELL for Future inhencement in CMOS
Author(s): Akash Kumar, Priyanka Jaiswal
Page(s): 438-442
Abstract

The objective of this report is to describe the power consumption of a 7T-transistor SRAM cell. The basic operation and constraints of static RAM will be discussed, along with transistor sizing for device stability. The design will be covered using a symbolic schematic, as well as a physical device layout (both generated using Electric VLSI Design System). To demonstrate that this 6T SRAM cell design operates correctly for all four necessary functions: write HIGH, write LOW, read HIGH, and read LOW. The basic purpose of a memory cell is to hold a single bit of data, and this can be accomplished statically (without the need for refreshing) by using a pair of inverting gates. In order to read from and write to this invertor pair, access transistors are also needed.

Keyword: - - -.

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IJSRED

Akash Kumar, Priyanka Jaiswal "Study of power consumption in 7T SRAMS CELL for Future inhencement in CMOS" Vol 2-Issue 2 (438-442) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P48
49
IBFD Power Line Communication for Analog Interference Cancellation
Author(s): J. Antony Abisha, C.Rekha
Page(s): 443-448
Abstract

This paper presents a basis function selection technique of a frequency-domain Hammerstein digital self interference canceller for in-band full-duplex communications. The power spectral density (PSD) of the nonlinear self-interference signal is theoretically analyzed in detail, and a nonlinear self-interference PSD estimation method is developed. The proposed selection technique decides on the basis functions necessary for cancellation and relaxes the computational cost of the frequency-domain Hammerstein canceller based on the estimated PSD of the self-interference of each basis function. Furthermore, the convergence performance of the canceller is improved by the proposed selection technique. Simulation results are then presented, showing that the proposed technique can achieve similar cancellation performance compared with the original frequency-domain Hammerstein canceller and a time-domain nonlinear canceller. Additionally, it is shown that the proposed technique improves the computational cost and the convergence performance of the original frequency-domain Hammerstein canceller.

Keyword: Full-duplex radio, self interference, digital cancellation,Hammerstein model.

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IJSRED

J. Antony Abisha, C.Rekha "IBFD Power Line Communication for Analog Interference Cancellation" Vol 2-Issue 2 (443-448) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P49
50
Self-Energized Bicycle with Bullet Alternator and GPS Tracking
Author(s): Dr.W.Rajan Babu, Mr.S.Sheikameer Batcha, Mr.K.Raj Thilak, Mr.D.Heartswin, Mr.R.Kalaiyarasan, Mr.C.Nishanth, Mr.K.Vinoth
Page(s): 449-451
Abstract

The concern of this cycle is used to avoid air pollution and to act as renewable energy sources. Usually normal E-bicycles are not self-charging. These normal bicycles are needed to be charged once the battery gets used off and after that the rider should pedal to reach the destination. So, in this project, a self-energizing system is used. Air pollution is the biggest headache faced by metro cities nowadays. The exhaust gas from the vehicles contains harmful gases like Chloro-Fluoro Carbon (CFC), Carbon monoxide (CO). These harmful gases cause “Global Warming” and increase the Green-house gases. IC engines are mainly responsible for pollution.

Keyword: Self-Energizing, Eco-friendly, Internet of Things, GPS Tracking.

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IJSRED

Dr.W.Rajan Babu, Mr.S.Sheikameer Batcha, Mr.K.Raj Thilak, Mr.D.Heartswin, Mr.R.Kalaiyarasan, Mr.C.Nishanth, Mr.K.Vinoth "Self-Energized Bicycle with Bullet Alternator and GPS Tracking" Vol 2-Issue 2 (449-451) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P50
51
Strengthening Of Concrete Structures Using Frp Laminates
Author(s): C.Arjun, S.Govindhan
Page(s): 452-458
Abstract

This paper focuses on the use of emerging technologies for the strengthening of RCC structures. A number of structures like Bridges, building, jetties, silos etc. has been strengthened for various load requirements that were not incorporated during the original designs. Strengthening of concrete members with externally bonded fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) system received remarkable attention. The design and construction principles for use in practice have been finalized by the American Concrete Institute (ACI). On the application side, FRP materials have been used in some multi-million dollar projects for strengthening bridges, parking garages, multi-purpose convention centers, office buildings and silos etc. The drivers for this technology are several, but perhaps the most relevant ones are the ease and speed of installation. In the repair/upgrade arena, one of the most important unresolved questions remains that of durability. Addressing this issue will increase the degree of confidence in the technology and allow for its full exploitation.

Keyword: - - -.

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IJSRED

C.Arjun, S.Govindhan "Strengthening Of Concrete Structures Using Frp Laminates" Vol 2-Issue 2 (452-458) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P51
52
Assessment of Accountability and Transparency Practices in Rural Land Administration: The Case of Enebsie-sar-midir District in East Gojjam Zone, Amhara Region
Author(s): Elias Munye Dagnew
Page(s): 459-474
Abstract

This study attempted to assess Accountability and Transparency practices in rural land administration system at Enebsie-sar-midir district of East Gojjam Zone, Amhara region. The purpose of this study is to investigate Accountability, Transparency in practice and its challenges because the application of good governance principles in land administration leads to good land administration system and ultimately accomplishes sustainable land governance in rural society. In order to achieve the research objective both qualitative and quantitative approaches with sequential exploratory design were employed. Besides, the study employed the data which were collected from key informant interview, semi-structured interview, focus group discussion, questionnaire, and document analysis. In line with this, through purposive sampling, and simple random sampling (by using lottery method) 193 household heads were selected as well as thematic and descriptive analyses were undertaken. The study found that weak down ward and upward accountability mechanism; no proper complain handling procedures, poor transparency of information, and low service delivery in the study area. Correspondingly, Corruption, legislation gaps, inadequate institutional capacity, absence of coordination from stakeholders, low incentives and training were the challenges which impeded the overall practice of good governance principles in the rural land sector Thus, weak land governance exists in the study area. So as to tackle the aforementioned problem, the researcher recommends that the district land institution needs to improve accountability, transparency, provide effective service delivery, develop means of motivation, and collaboration with various stakeholders, and the regional council should revise ambiguous land legislation..

Keyword: Accountability, Land Administration, Practice, Transparency.

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IJSRED

Elias Munye Dagnew "Assessment of Accountability and Transparency Practices in Rural Land Administration: The Case of Enebsie-sar-midir District in East Gojjam Zone, Amhara Region" Vol 2-Issue 2 (459-474) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P52
53
Scientific Development of Precision Agriculture and Their Applications in India
Author(s): Dr. Ritushree Narayan
Page(s): 475-479
Abstract

Use of latest technological solutions to make farming more efficient, remains one of the greatest imperatives. While Artificial Intelligence (AI) sees a lot of direct application across sectors, it can also bring a paradigm shift in how we see farming today. AI-powered solutions will not only enable farmers to do more with less, it will also improve quality and ensure faster go-to-market for crops. In this article, we will discuss how AI can change the agriculture landscape, the application of precision agriculture landscape, the future of agriculture and the challenges ahead.

Keyword: Precision agriculture, Artificial intelligence (AI), Farmers.

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IJSRED

Dr.Ritushree Narayan "Scientific Development of Precision Agriculture and Their Applications in India" Vol 2-Issue 2 (475-479) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P53
54
Formulation and Characterization of Citric Acid and Glycolic Acid Gel in Treatment of Pustules and Scars
Author(s): Suryaprakash Vishvakarma, Anubhav Yadav
Page(s): 480-490
Abstract

Pustules are very common problem, it is also known as pimple. After the treatment it remains its scars, wrinkles and fine lines.Citric acid is very useful compound it is use in Treatment of Pigmentation, Suntanning, wrinkles and Pustules. It is also use as penetration in some pharmaceutical preparation. In this Research work Citric acid is use with Glycolic acid which have poor penetration so here Citric acid Provide benefits to skin as well as enhance permeation of Glycolic acid. Glycolic acid is act on wrinkles, lines, scarsand oiliness. Combination of both drug provide a beneficial effect to skin and helps to fight against various skin problems. Gel is suitable of dosage form for these drugs. It is greaseless, transparent, pleasing appearance, easily spreadable, easily removable, thixotropic, emollient, non-staining, and longer shelf life. Due to its several properties it will provide good patient Compliance.

Keyword: Pustules and Scars, Gel, Citric Acid, Glycolic Acid.

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IJSRED

Suryaprakash Vishvakarma, Anubhav Yadav "Formulation and Characterization of Citric Acid and Glycolic Acid Gel in Treatment of Pustules and Scars" Vol 2-Issue 2 (480-490) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P54
55
Multi-Keyword Search for Multiple Data Owners Using ID-Based Encryption Technique
Author(s): Arumugam. P, Pavithra. M, Shyamala. S, Ezhilarasan. M
Page(s): 480-490
Abstract

Cloud computing is a standout amongst the most famous innovation among the new rising advancements in the field of web and PCs. With the expanding appropriation of cloud computing, a developing number of clients re-appropriate their documents to the cloud. To protect the security, the datasets are normally scrambled before redistributing. In any case, the regular routine with regards to encryption makes the powerful use of the information troublesome. For instance, it is hard to look through the given watchwords in scrambled records. Customary symmetric encryption strategy won't fit into the security bend where there is an increase in the number of information proprietors and clients, even the information proprietors can't have their very own documents. Consequently, ID-based Encryption procedure has been proposed for productive recovery of information from the cloud..

Keyword: MRSE, IBE, PKG, PKI.

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IJSRED

Arumugam. P, Pavithra. M, Shyamala. S, Ezhilarasan. M "Multi-Keyword Search for Multiple Data Owners Using ID-Based Encryption Technique" Vol 2-Issue 2 (491-497) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P55
56
IntCart for Easy Shopping in Supermarkets using Raspberry Pi and RFID
Author(s): Mr. K.Raj Thilak, Mr.W.Rajan Babu, Ms.J.Anupama, Ms.P.Pradeepa, Ms.K.Roshini, Ms.Swetha Ashok
Page(s): 480-490
Abstract

Int cart is an efficient method, because shopping is never considered to be an easy task rather than waiting in a billing counter which is a tedious task. Preparation of bill using barcode scanner by a cashier is time consuming hence using a RFID scanner in the cart itself that is interfaced with the processor enables the technology to ease the process. As the shopper adds more things it is detected by scanner module and price keeps increasing. If the customer doesn’t want any product added already, the price can be deducted. When the shopping is complete, shopper presses the button and all the prices are added and bill is communicated to the mobile phone. So, either online payment or cash payment can be made using the bill that has been generated. Hence, this system is suitable for use in places like supermarket where it can help in reducing manpower and also a better shopping experience for its customers.

Keyword: RFID, Intelligent shopping,Internet of things, Raspberry Pi, IR sensor, Python.

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IJSRED

Mr. K.Raj Thilak, Mr.W.Rajan Babu, Ms.J.Anupama, Ms.P.Pradeepa, Ms.K.Roshini, Ms.Swetha Ashok "IntCart for Easy Shopping in Supermarkets using Raspberry Pi and RFID" Vol 2-Issue 2 (498-502) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P56
57
Design and Implementation of Computer Interfaced Voice Activated Switch using Speech Recognition Technology
Author(s): Nwankwo P. N, Orji M. N
Page(s): 503-515
Abstract

Int cart is an efficient method, because shopping is never considered to be an easy task rather than waiting in a billing counter which is a tedious task. Preparation of bill using barcode scanner by a cashier is time consuming hence using a RFID scanner in the cart itself that is interfaced with the processor enables the technology to ease the process. As the shopper adds more things it is detected by scanner module and price keeps increasing. If the customer doesn’t want any product added already, the price can be deducted. When the shopping is complete, shopper presses the button and all the prices are added and bill is communicated to the mobile phone. So, either online payment or cash payment can be made using the bill that has been generated. Hence, this system is suitable for use in places like supermarket where it can help in reducing manpower and also a better shopping experience for its customers.

Keyword: RFID, Intelligent shopping,Internet of things, Raspberry Pi, IR sensor, Python.

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IJSRED

Nwankwo P. N, Orji M. N "Design and Implementation of Computer Interfaced Voice Activated Switch using Speech Recognition Technology" Vol 2-Issue 2 (503-515) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P57
58
Design and Implementation of Solar Powered Automatic Sprinkler Irrigation System
Author(s): Isizoh A.N, Nwankwo P.N, Onwuzulike D.A, Chukwuemeka G.F
Page(s): 516-523
Abstract

In the field of Agriculture, the importance of automatic irrigation control system cannot be overemphasized. The project presents the design and implementation of “Solar Powered Automatic Sprinkler Irrigation System” that irrigates a farm by switching a DC water pump based on the set- time and the time interval programmed into the microcontroller. The designed system replaces the conventional manual process involved in sprinkler irrigation to automatic process; to conserve energy, time, and water. The aim of the project is to improve on water management in irrigation process, and minimize the intervention of human operator in irrigation activities in farms. The system was designed with various components like; AT89C51 microcontroller, Dc water pump, Relay, LCD and other electronic components. The whole system was built around the AT89c51 microcontroller. The microcontroller was programmed using assembly language. When the set time is reached, the microcontroller triggers a 12v relay which automatically drives the DC water pump for 3 minutes. The irrigation takes place by 7am and 7pm daily to achieve the desired result. Input is given to the microcontroller in the form of time using the keypad. An LCD is interfaced with the microcontroller to display the system status. The 12v, 130watts Monocrystalline solar panel and the 60AH deep cycle (solar) battery attached to the system provides all the energy requirements of the system. The system has proven to be a reasonable advancement in irrigation system.

Keyword: Automatic Irrigation System, Microcontroller, Solar Energy, Assembly Language Programming, Liquid Crystal Display (LCD).

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IJSRED

Isizoh A.N, Nwankwo P.N, Onwuzulike D.A, Chukwuemeka G.F "Design and Implementation of Solar Powered Automatic Sprinkler Irrigation System " Vol 2-Issue 2 (516-523) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P58
59
Design and Implementation of Microcontroller Based Computer Interfaced Home Appliances Monitoring and Control System
Author(s): Nwankwo P.N, Orji M. N
Page(s): 524-535
Abstract

This paper presentation was based on “Design and Implementation of Microcontroller Based Computer Interfaced Home Appliances Monitoring and Control System”. The system utilized an interface program running on a personal computer (PC) to monitor the magnitude of the current drawn by the loads from each socket and to switch ON/OFF the two (2) electrical sockets. The system made use of Analogue to Digital Converter (ADC) and AT89c52 microcontroller to monitor and control the loads on the sockets. Every unit that made up the system were considered for proper understanding of how the entire system works. The AT89c52 microcontroller was used to store all the machine code of the system. The Top universal programmer was used to program the microcontroller. The computer and the microcontroller were interfaced using a serial port; for proper monitoring, controlling and switching of the two (2) electrical sockets. The PC acts as an input and output device, it is also used to store the visual basic program of the system. The microcontroller handles most of the monitoring and control operations. The designed system marks another breakthrough in monitoring and controlling of physical processes.

Keyword: Analogue to Digital Converter (ADC), Control System (CS), Microcontroller, Personal Computer (PC), Serial Port (SP).

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IJSRED

Nwankwo P.N, Orji M. N "Design and Implementation of Microcontroller Based Computer Interfaced Home Appliances Monitoring and Control System " Vol 2-Issue 2 (524-535) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P59
60
A Novel Approach to Detect and Classify Leaf Diseases Based on Image Processing
Author(s): M. SahayaMerlin, C.S. Sree Thayanandeswari
Page(s): 536-541
Abstract

Plant diseases cause major production and economic losses in agricultural. Identification of the plant diseases is the key to prevent the losses in the yield and quantity of the agricultural product. Image processing techniques are used to detect the plant leaf diseases. The objective of this work is to implement image analysis classification techniques for detection of leaf diseases and classification. The proposed framework consists of four parts. They are (1) Image preprocessing (2) Segmentation of the leaf using K-means clustering to determine the diseased areas (3) feature extraction (4) Classification of diseases. Texture features are extracted using statistical Gray-Level Co-Occurrence Matrix (GLCM) features and classification is done using Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Decision Tree Classifier.

Keyword: leaf diseases, classification, SVM , Decision tree, K-Means Segmentation.

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IJSRED

M. SahayaMerlin, C.S. Sree Thayanandeswari "A Novel Approach to Detect and Classify Leaf Diseases Based on Image Processing" Vol 2-Issue 2 (536-541) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P60
61
Energy Harvesting with Piezotransducer using a Rectifier-free circuit for low voltage application
Author(s): Dr. Robert Honl, Gnanasekar Jayaraj, Lochan Thorera Udayakumar, Santhosh kumar Sermugasamy
Page(s): 542-546
Abstract

In this generation of microworld, energy requirement for micro devices in critical working environment is always been a complex process for deciding the power source. By harvesting small amount of energies from the environmental sources (such as ambient Temperature, vibrations or light sources) the process is made simple. In this paper/ report, the energy harvesting circuit for low voltage input (piezo quartz transducer) with the help of rectifier free circuit (using switching components i.e., MOSFET; minimum Energy loss) for powering low powered sensors and actuators.

Keyword: ac/dc conversion; rectifier free; energy harvesting; low voltage, low power.

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IJSRED

Dr. Robert Honl, Gnanasekar Jayaraj, Lochan Thorera Udayakumar, Santhosh kumar Sermugasamy "Energy Harvesting with Piezotransducer using a Rectifier-free circuit for low voltage application" Vol 2-Issue 2 (542-546) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P61
62
A Study on Competency Mapping at BGR Energy in India
Author(s): Toopalli Sirisha, Dr. Nalla Bala Kalyan
Page(s): 547-556
Abstract

An ever changing and highly dynamic environment impacted upon by forces such as liberalization, world-wide competition marked by new entrants, fast changing technologies, new models of business and converging industries, thrust on operational efficiency and effectiveness ably supported by technological advancements, increased sensitivity to stakeholders and a trend towards rights-based entitlements created an impetus to the organizations to reform and adopt new practices to manage their human resources. In the today’s scenario, “Skill and Competency” are the main drivers of an organization’s efficiency, effec¬tiveness and performance at large. So Firms are becoming increasingly aware of the need to have competent employees for survival and long term sustainability. All types of Organizations irrespective of their size, structure and age are talking about competencies. All organisations are still struggling with defining, designing and deploying Competency Mapping models, frameworks and processes. The aim of the study is to explore the extent of usage and formalization of Competency Mapping in BGR Energy. The current study aims at analysing the competency gaps at BGR Energy.

Keyword: BRG Energy, Competency, Competency Mapping, Competency Gaps, Skill.

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IJSRED

Toopalli Sirisha, Dr. Nalla Bala Kalyan "A Study on Competency Mapping at BGR Energy in India" Vol 2-Issue 2 (547-556) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P62
63
Replacement of Fine Aggregates in Self Compacting Concrete by Using Brick Dust and Fly Ash
Author(s): Manpreet Singh, Satgur Singh
Page(s): 557-562
Abstract

Self-compacting concrete principle is not new; special applications such as underwater concreting have always required concrete, which could be placed without the need for compaction. In such circumstances vibration was simply impossible. Early self- compacting concretes relied on very high contents of cement paste and, once supper plasticizers become available, they were added in the concrete mixes. The required specialized and well-controlled placing methods in order to avoid segregation, and the high contents of cement paste made them prone to shrinkage. The overall costs were very high and applications remained very limited. Compared to normal vibrated concrete (NVC), self-compacting concrete (SCC) possesses enhanced qualities and improves productivity and working conditions due to the elimination of compaction. SCC generally has higher powder content then NVC and thus its necessary to replace some of the cement by additions to achieve an economical and durable concrete. Japan has used self-compacting concrete (SCC) in bridge, building and tunnel construction since the early 1990's. In the last five year, a number of SCC bridges have been constructed in Europe. In the United States, the application of SCC in highway bridge construction is very limited at very limited at this time. However, the USA precast concrete industry is beginning to apply the technology to architectural concrete. SCC has high potential for wider structural applications in highway bridge construction. The application of concrete without vibration in highway bridge construction is practically admissible. In the present study, attempt has been made to compare the mechanical properties of self-compacting and normal concrete specimens. The criteria used in it based on 7days, 28 days and 56 days compressive splitting tensile and flexure strength and of conventional and self-compacting concrete for five Fly ash Brick dust ratios as a replacement to fine aggregate.

Keyword: NVC; SCC; Fly ash; Brick dust.

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IJSRED

Manpreet Singh, Satgur Singh "Replacement of Fine Aggregates in Self Compacting Concrete by Using Brick Dust and Fly Ash" Vol 2-Issue 2 (557-562) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P63
64
How Block chain Benefits Businesses
Author(s): Nik Tehrani, Mamoun Samaha
Page(s): 563-567
Abstract

A blockchain is a shared ledger sent via the internet in which transactions are permanently recorded without any reversal or alteration. A business transaction is permanently encoded into a block of digital data which has a unique identification. A user’s identity is concealed via complex cryptography represented only by a public address. The three main properties of the blockchain technology are: decentralization, transparency, and immutability. No central authority oversees a blockchain network. It is a democratized system since it is a shared and immutable ledger, and the data in it is available for anyone with permission to access.Centralized systems have vulnerabilities because all data is store in one location, making them easy targets for hackers. What can go wrong with a centralized system? (1) Software upgrades can halt an entire system, (2) if the centralized system shut down for any reason, no information can be accessed, (3) if the system becomes corrupted or malicious, the data can be compromised. By removing centralization, information is no longer stored in one network. Decentralizing the system will remove centralized storage, allowing users to communicate without intermediary of a third party.Bitcoin is a volatile cryptocurrency using blockchain. Bitcoin determines its value by supply and demand and is entirely decentralized, making it impossible for any one individual to control the entire supply.Blockchain may prove useful in different industries including: supply chain management, quality assurance, accounting, smart contracts, voting, stock exchange, energy supply, and peer-to-peer global transactions.

Keyword: Blockchain, centralized system, shared ledger, immutability, centralized storage, hackers, client-server model, bitcoin, supply chain management, quality assurance, accounting, smart contracts, voting, stock exchange, energy supply, peer-to-peer global transactions.

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IJSRED

Nik Tehrani,Mamoun Samaha "How Block chain Benefits Businesses" Vol 2-Issue 2 (563-567) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P64
65
Space Planning Factors of Terengganu Traditional House
Author(s): Tawfeeq Awawdeh, MohdHisham Bin Omar, Marzuki Ibrahim, Hisham Lababneh, Salem Alqamaz
Page(s): 568-576
Abstract

Due to the importance of designing the internal space in the houses in order to create a space suitable for all family members and their activities, this study applied Principle Component Analysis (PCA) and Cluster Analysis at determining the effect of space planning factors on traditional houses in the state of Terengganu. In order to achieve the objective of the study, a questionnaire was designed as a main tool for collecting data. A total of 350 responses from the Terengganu citizens were obtained but only 325 valid responses were used for the analysis. The study found that there is great importance for space planning in traditional house, the characteristics and forms of architectural spaces greatly affect human behavior, and there is a relationship between the distribution of furniture and internal spaces of the house, and color is an important element in the planning of the interior space of houses, as it affects the sensory and visual perception of individuals.

Keyword: Furniture, Floor, Windows, Suitable rooms, Social needsl.

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IJSRED

Tawfeeq Awawdeh, MohdHisham Bin Omar, Marzuki Ibrahim, Hisham Lababneh, Salem Alqamaz "Space Planning Factors of Terengganu Traditional House" Vol 2-Issue 2 (568-576) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P65
66
Energy Calculation Involving Different steps of Dienone-Phenol Rearrangement so as to Predict the Most Facile Migratory Substituents From the Selected Species
Author(s): Lijumon Lalremsanga
Page(s): 577-581
Abstract

The approach of this theoretical work is to study different steps involved in dienone-phenol rearrangement. Different substituents viz. Hydrogen, Methyl, Ethyl, Isopropyl and tertiary butyl groups were selected as the migratory substituents. Comparison was made between these substituents for their ability to accomplish 1,2 migration. Energy was determined for each substituents by using AM1, HF and B3LYP calculation. The molecular structure along with its substituent that corresponds to the minimum energy is considered as the most stable with easiest migration and the structure with its substituent giving the highest energy corresponds to the least probable migration. The energy of transition state with various substituents was taken as the major factor that determines the migration ability of substituent. The migratory aptitude of the migrating group is determined as the ability of the group to stabilize the carbo-cationic intermediate. The study includes plotting of the energy profile of the entire reaction from stucture I to structure V.

Keyword: Dienone-phenol rearrangement, migratory aptitude, 1,2 migration, AM1, HF and B3LYP calculation, carbo-cationic intermediate, energy profile.

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IJSRED

Lijumon Lalremsanga "Energy Calculation Involving Different steps of Dienone-Phenol Rearrangement so as to Predict the Most Facile Migratory Substituents From the Selected Species" Vol 2-Issue 2 (577-581) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P66
67
IoT Based Smart Fuel Meter
Author(s): Sri Sangeetha R, Chandrasekaran V, Kumaraguru P, Mathu venkatesh M, Nanda Kumar K, Naveen Prasad P
Page(s): 582-584
Abstract

Larceny of fuel is a serious issue. Petrol bunk workers may cultivate the ignorance of their customers by filling less fuel than for what they pay. Also car drivers and other institutions and corporate sectors face problems of fuel larceny during long journeys. We are providing solution to the above mentioned problems by developing a compact product with flow meter, Wi-Fi module etc. By which we can eliminate the larceny in petrol bunks and in public places, we can also get the detailed summary about the fuel cost and their corresponding quantity along with the measured quantity.By the usage of the flow meter through which the difference between the actual quantity and the measured quantity by the meter can be viewed. Thus with the help of the above details like quantity of the fuel received the ratings will be provided for the petrol bunks from which the people can come to know about the transparency which results in the complete elimination of the larceny of fuel in the petrol bunk. The Webpage utilizes the THINGSPEAK analytics to analyze the fuel filling to give more detailed description and visualization of the fuel filling statistics. Wi-Fi unit performs IoT operation by sending fuel filling data to the webpage which can be accessed by the customers. This proposed system utilizes an Arduino. The detailed description about the fuel consumption is generated which can be displayed on the webpage through the Wi-Fi module.

Keyword: Flow meter, 20*4 LCD Display, Arduino mega Board, ESP 8266 Wi-Fi Module, 4*4 keypad.

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IJSRED

Sri Sangeetha R, Chandrasekaran V, Kumaraguru P, Mathu venkatesh M, Nanda Kumar K, Naveen Prasad P "IoT Based Smart Fuel Meter" Vol 2-Issue 2 (582-584) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P67
68
Drone Delivery: A review of Classification and Contribution in saving lives
Author(s): Shubham, Musa, Anmol, Preeti Rani
Page(s): 585-589
Abstract

With propelling automaton innovations and expanding business utilization we trust the last mile shipping industry is ready for interruption by conveyance rambles with advancing drone technologies and increasing commercial usage, we believe the last mile shipping industry is ripe for disruption by delivery drones. Drones can significantly accelerate delivery times and reduce the human cost associated with the delivery. whereas it would work in well managed ,systematic ad an accurate way apart from this it would also promote safety, conserve energy invested on delivering the product and in upcoming research we would also look for various types of drones, their working, how it has evolved from several years and its work in different fields. Thus the purpose of my research paper is to explore the whole scenario of drone delivery.

Keyword: Drone, UAV, Remote control, Battery, Internet, GPS.

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IJSRED

Shubham, Musa, Anmol, Preeti Rani "Drone Delivery: A Review of Classification and Contribution in Saving Lives" Vol 2-Issue 2 (585-589) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P68
69
Vehicle Fuel Theft Detection Using 89C51
Author(s): Mr.Aniket Shinde, Mr.Atharva Mane, Mr.Purvesh Sapkale, Mr.Amanraj Singh, Prof.Jyoti Deshmukh, Prof. Firoj Mulani
Page(s): 590-592
Abstract

The system will manipulate a mobile phone to send SMS. Even though the SMS can be sent using the features available in the mobile, the objective of this experiment is to activate the SMS sending by the mobile phone using external program connected physically to the mobile phone. Antitheft security system utilizes an embedded system designed with GSM to monitor and safeguard a car. In attempt of theft the system sends text message to the car owner and at the same time starts up an alarm from the buzzer installed within the system. The safety of vehicles fuel is extremely essential for public so this project came to our notice due to the alarming rate at which vehicles fuel are being stolen in our country and with this design our vehicle can also be monitored irrespective of where it is parked , provided there is a GSM network coverage. Our model (theft detector) uses very few electronic components and looks very small and compact and can be mounted on vehicles easily.

Keyword: Security system, Microcontroller 89C51, GSM etc.

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IJSRED

Mr.Aniket Shinde , Mr.Atharva Mane, Mr.Purvesh Sapkale, Mr.Amanraj Singh, Prof.Jyoti Deshmukh , Prof. Firoj Mulani "Vehicle Fuel Theft Detection Using 89C51" Vol 2-Issue 2 (590-592) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P69
70
Student Preferences and Current Usage in Interior Environment of the Library: A Case Study at a Malaysian University
Author(s): Hisham Lababneh, Mohd Hisham Bin Omar, Marzuki Ibrahim, Salem Alqamaz, Tawfeeq Awawdeh
Page(s): 590-592
Abstract

Recent trends in the design and renovation of libraries concentrate principally on the library as place and as a social space, how do university students currently use the library? Do students primarily use the library to gather and interact, or are they using it to learn as in the suggestive traditional role of the library? How can students’ preferences for an ideal interior learning space be integrated into the design of a library to better support a learning environment? A case study of the main library at a University Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA) was used to examine these research questions.
A student survey was used to engage users of the space and recognize how they use the library. The analysis from this quantitative method approach was used to reveal how students use the study spaces in the library and how the interior spaces of the university library can be designed to respond to student behaviors and preferences.
Student survey results revealed that students value the library and use the library as a study space. The most significant finding was that 82.28% of survey respondents stated the main reason they choose to study at the library is for quiet study space. This finding is in opposition to the literature on the library as a social space. While we are designing libraries to foster collaboration, we must also maintain the notion that libraries should provide patrons with a welcoming and comfortable quiet study environment that promotes prolonged use. .

Keyword: Users Preferences, Current Use, Third Place, Interior design, Library Environment.

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IJSRED

Hisham Lababneh, Mohd Hisham Bin Omar, Marzuki Ibrahim, Salem Alqamaz, Tawfeeq Awawdeh "Student Preferences and Current Usage in Interior Environment of the Library: A Case Study at a Malaysian University" Vol 2-Issue 2 (593-602) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P70
71
Optimization of cable faults in TDM optical network using OTDR
Author(s): D.Muthukumaran
Page(s): 593-597
Abstract

In today’s world optical fiber cable supports high band width to design a network. Now presently OAN (optical access network) used in local places to access the network. Earlier we were using OTN (optical transport network) for connecting the long distances. In our system PON (passive optical network) mechanism used to find the optical fiber break and by using OTDR (optical time domain reflectometer) technique the optical fiber fault can be analyzed. PON splits the data and voice at the customer end. Now the performance was improved using GPON (Gigabit passive optical network) which provides higher data rate. Two main terminals in the optical network i) ONT (Optical Network Terminal) ii) OLT (Optical Line Terminal) which are connected at service providers end and customer end. For detecting the failure location Centralized Failure Detection System (CFDS) is used. One of the major challenges is to maintain the network with maximum QoS in FTTH (fiber to the home) system. The proposed system has the facility for fault identification and advancements in localization of cable faults.

Keyword: Optical Fiber Cable, FTTH (fiber to the home),OTDR (optical time domain reflectometer).

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IJSRED

D.Muthukumaran "Optimization of cable faults in TDM optical network using OTDR" Vol 2-Issue 2 (593-597) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P71
72
Interior Design Analysis of Terengganu Traditional Malay House
Author(s): Salem Alqamaz, Mohd Hisham Bin Omar, Marzuki Ibrahim, Hisham Lababneh, Tawfeeq Awawdeh
Page(s): 598-604
Abstract

In this regard, this paper aims to interior design analysis of Terengganu traditional Malay houses (TTMH). Then, the paper employs a quantitative approach by creating a new survey questionnaire that can be used as a broad model and new instrument to help collect data about the design elements and the factors that influence the choice of TTMH. Furthermore, this paper method consists of distribution the questionnaire among 384 citizens of Terengganu, and the data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). In this respect, the results of the study showed a correlation among factors of the interior design of TTMH, which proves that when we want to maintain them, there must be a correlation among these factors and not lose any part of TTMH which may lead to the loss of more houses. In conclusion, this research has established an “interior design elements of Conservation for the TTMH,” these elements will be successful if correctly executed in addition to the current level of protection at either national, state, local, or district level. Finally, further studies can integrate to a more comprehensive, informative and extensive framework.

Keyword: Traditional Malay House, Interior Design, Space Planning, Terengganu.

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IJSRED

Salem Alqamaz, Mohd Hisham Bin Omar, Marzuki Ibrahim, Hisham Lababneh, Tawfeeq Awawdeh "Interior Design Analysis of Terengganu Traditional Malay House" Vol 2-Issue 2 (598-604) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P72
73
Thoughts on the Teaching Reform of Mathematical Analysis
Author(s): Meng Tian
Page(s): 605-608
Abstract

This paper focuses on the class teaching of mathematical analysis course. It points out the problems exists in current teaching classes and puts forward some teaching suggestion to stimulate students’interest. Some reform and exploration on several aspects such as teaching content, teaching method, and assessment method, are proposed.

Keyword: Mathematical analysis, Teaching content, Teaching method, Assessment method.

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IJSRED

Meng Tian "Thoughts on the Teaching Reform of Mathematical Analysis" Vol 2-Issue 2 (605-608) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P73
74
Analysis Analysis Of Human Crowd Behaviour in Surveillance Videos Using Sift Technique
Author(s): R.Abirami, S.Manjula
Page(s): 609-615
Abstract

Security and reconnaissance are imperative issues in this day and age. The ongoing demonstrations of psychological warfare have featured the earnest requirement for productive reconnaissance. Contemporary observation frameworks utilize computerized video recording (DVR) cameras which play host to different channels. The real downsides with this model is that it requires nonstop manual observing which is infeasible due to factors like human weariness and cost of difficult work. In addition, it is for all intents and purposes im-conceivable to scan through chronicles for imperative occasions in the past since that would require a playback of the whole span of video film. Thus, there is for sure a requirement for a computerized framework for video observation which can identify strange exercises individually. This overhead incorporates identification of the sort of exercises which would occur around there and after that surfacing with a Finite State Machine (FSM) show which precisely catches routine exercises and banners non routine ones. A framework with self learning capacity would be anything but difficult to convey and would make it conceivable to have substantial scale checking.

Keyword: Security, video recording, Image classification, Complimentary Metal-oxide semiconductor.

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IJSRED

R.Abirami, S.Manjula "Analysis Analysis Of Human Crowd Behaviour in Surveillance Videos Using Sift Technique" Vol 2-Issue 2 (609-615) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P74
75
An Proficient Re-Cluster Based Partition Assortment Using MST and HTIC Algorithm
Author(s): K. Dharani
Page(s): 616-624
Abstract

Feature Selection is the way toward recognizing a subset of the most valuable highlights that produces good outcomes as the first whole arrangement of highlights. The point of picking a Re-Cluster subset of good highlights as for the objective ideas, include subset determination is a powerful path for diminishing dimensionality, expelling unessential information, expanding learning exactness, and improving outcome understandability. While the proficiency concerns the time required to discover a re-bunch subset of highlights, the adequacy is identified with the nature of the subset of highlights. In this method, proposed grouping based subset determination calculation works in two stages. In the initial step, highlights are separated into groups by utilizing diagram theoretic bunching techniques. In the second step, the most agent highlight that is firmly identified with target classes is chosen from each group to frame a subset of highlights. To guarantee the proficiency of this calculation, we are going to utilize MRMR technique with heuristic calculation. A heuristic calculation utilized for taking care of a problem all the more rapidly or for finding a surmised re-groups subset determination arrangement. Least Redundancy Most extreme Relevance (MRMR) choice used to be more dominant than the greatest importance choice. It will give viable approach to foresee the proficiency and viability of the bunching based subset choice calculation.

Keyword: Clustering, Classification, Relevance data, Re-Cluster, Feature Selection.

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IJSRED

K.Dharani "An Proficient Re-Cluster Based Partition Assortment Using MST and HTIC Algorithm" Vol 2-Issue 2 (616-624) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P75
76
Nest, Egg And Breeding Success Of Dendrocygna javanica (Lesser Whistling Duck) In Paleik In (Lake), Sinkaing Township, Mandalay Division, Myanmar
Author(s): Nwe Nwe Khaing, Khin Mya Mya
Page(s): 625-630
Abstract

Nest habitat characteristics, egg, clutch size and reproductive success of Dendrocygnajavanica(Lesser Whistling Duck) were recorded from 2004 to 2007 at Paleik In in SinKaing Township, Mandalay division. Nests of D. javanicawere observed among a variety of sites. All nests are nearly cup-shaped with a slight depression at the centre. During the study period (2004-2007) it was observed that 22 nests were constructed of twigs and broken dry leaves of Myet Mont Nyin grass (Carexpandanophylla); six nests were found among the broken dry leaves of Myar grass (Cyperusspp.) and another two nests were observed on the bending branches of Kyee tree (Barringtonia acutangular) at Paleik In.During the breeding season a total of 30 nests, 155 eggs and 49 hatchlings were found at Paleik In. Clutch size ranged from 2 to 12 eggs. Incubation period were observed as 25-26 days. The eggs are pure-white when fresh, but soon became cream to buff color. Among these nests 20% were recorded as successful, 33.37% as lost due to predator, 26.66% were lost by flooding, 13.33% as abandoned and 6.66% as lost by unknown reason. Of the 155 eggs observed, 49 eggs survived until hatching..

Keyword: Breeding success, Wetland, Water bird.

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IJSRED

Nwe Nwe Khaing, Khin Mya Mya "Nest, Egg And Breeding Success Of Dendrocygna javanica (Lesser Whistling Duck) In Paleik In (Lake), Sinkaing Township, Mandalay Division, Myanmar" Vol 2-Issue 2 (625-630) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P76
77
Smart Street Lights
Author(s): D. Vaman Ravi Prasad, Seetha Shesha Sai, Shashank Swarup, Y. Pramukh Ambedkar
Page(s): 631-637
Abstract

The world has been enjoying the advantages of engineering and technology for better development and efficient usage of resources. Since a decade and more, automation has been playing a massive role in development through the perspectives of technology. Smart cities, Smart homes are booming in major parts of globes and giving growth for the scope for Internet of Things and necessity of automation. Similarly, smart lightening has become an integral part of growth and development. By the stats released by the Indian Government in 2018, it can be known that more than 2 billion rupees are used for establishing and maintaining street lights and 30-40% of the total electricity produced in the country is utilized in the process of street lightening. In the traditional working of street lights, manually a person needs to switch ON the lights when it’s dark and when it’s not switched OFF during the day time, it’s a huge waste of electricity. In many occasions street lights glow even in deserted areas where there is not much need of lightening. So in this case, we need to ensure the lightening of street lights only in dark, and glow only when a vehicle is detected. This process is impossible to implement manually, so automation comes into play here. We in this project, have automated the working of street lights, such that the street lights glow only in dark at 20% illumination and when a vehicle is detected they glow at the brightest. The statistics of the power being consumed is sent to a Thingspeak cloud domain.

Keyword: Microcontroller, ACS 712 Current Sensor, Arduino Uno, WiFi module, Thing Speak.

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IJSRED

D. Vaman Ravi Prasad, Seetha Shesha Sai, Shashank Swarup, Y. Pramukh Ambedkar "Smart Street Lights" Vol 2-Issue 2 (631-637) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P77
78
A Module to Harness Solar for Hybrid System
Author(s): Kuchekar Pallavi Sanjay, Babar Vidya Popat, Jadhav Priyanka prakash, Lokhande swati Dadaso, Prof.Hanchate. A.V
Page(s): 638-641
Abstract

Renewable energy sources play an important role in electricity generation .People are finding the benefits of having energy saving. Energy from the sun is the best option for electricity generation as it is available everywhere is free to harness. On an average the sunshine hour in India is about 6 hours annually also the sun shines in India for about 9 months in a year. Electricity from the sun can be generated through the solar photovoltaic modules .The output power of the PV panel depends on the terminal voltage of the system. To maximize the output power of solar system we can use high efficiency, low cost DC/DC boost converter. From this maximize voltage we can charge the battery operate the load continuously. In other case solar supply is off or battery is discharge then automatically AC main gives the supply to the load.

Keyword: ---.

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IJSRED

Kuchekar Pallavi Sanjay, Babar Vidya Popat, Jadhav Priyanka prakash, Lokhande swati Dadaso, Prof.Hanchate. A.V "A Module to Harness Solar for Hybrid System" Vol 2-Issue 2 (638-641) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P78
79
Android Based Oscilloscope Using Android Mobile
Author(s): Dhage Trupti Dattatraya, Hadule sujata Maharudra, Khomane Yogita Ashok, Prof. Jagtap K.G.
Page(s): 642-647
Abstract

This paper presents the proposed design and implementation of a light-weight, low power, portable, low-cost, singlechannel oscilloscope consisting of a hardware device and a software application. The device is embedded with a Bluetooth module to provide connectivity to a device.An oscilloscope, known as a scope, CRO or DSO is a type of electronic test instrument using which we can observe constantly time varying signal voltages, usually as a 2-D graph in which we can represent electrical voltages using the vertical axis plotted against time. Oscilloscopes nowadays we use today are CRO or DSO which is little bit difficult to use as well as not portable and consumes more power. The Wireless Oscilloscope android application helps one to observe the waveform of the closed circuit. This application is supported by all Smartphone’s and tablet computers (Receiver’s) that work on Android operating system. Hence it is easy portable and easy installation. At the end of the closed circuit, BluetoothModule is used to transmit the waveform signal over radio frequency and then is received by receiver using Bluetooth. At last Graphical Waveform is reproduced in receiver.

Keyword: Android O.S, Bluetooth Module, AVR ATMega16 Controller ,LCD.

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IJSRED

Dhage Trupti Dattatraya, Hadule sujata Maharudra, Khomane Yogita Ashok, Prof. Jagtap K.G. "Android Based Oscilloscope Using Android Mobile" Vol 2-Issue 2 (642-647) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P79
80
Assessment of Residential Building Safety in Makurdi Metropolis against Earth Tremor using Drain 2DX Software
Author(s): Gbagir Kwaghgba, Tyozenda Aondofa Jerome
Page(s): 648-658
Abstract

This project assesses the safety of residential buildings in Makurdimetropolis against ground tremors. Non-destructive strength tests were carried out on structural elements of six selected residential buildings in six areas of the metropolis to obtain strength values.These values were used as data source to prepare appropriate structural models tested under simulated earth tremors using drain 2dx software. The buildings were model as equivalent reinforced concrete frames designed according to the requirements of Eurocode 8. The result of the analysis shows that for conventional structural analysis and design, the materials are truly elastic to the magnitude of applied static forces since the elastic limit of the structural elements are not exceeded. However, for a dynamic load such as earthquake ground vibration, the response of the structure imposes excessive force on the material and the elastic limit is exceeded. It therefore becomes necessary to consider and appropriately idealize this post elastic behavior.

Keyword: Buildings, Eurocode 8, Earth tremors, Drain 2DX, Earthquake.

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IJSRED

Gbagir Kwaghgba, Tyozenda Aondofa Jerome "Assessment of Residential Building Safety in Makurdi Metropolis Against Earth Tremor using Drain 2DX Software" Vol 2-Issue 2 (648-658) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P80
81
Generation of Electric Power based on Footsteps
Author(s): S. Chandramohan
Page(s): 659-662
Abstract

In today’s world optical fiber cable supports high band width to design a network. Now presently OAN (optical access network) used in local places to access the network. Earlier we were using OTN (optical transport network) for connecting the long distances. In our system PON (passive optical network) mechanism used to find the optical fiber break and by using OTDR (optical time domain reflectometer) technique the optical fiber fault can be analyzed. PON splits the data and voice at the customer end. Now the performance was improved using GPON (Gigabit passive optical network) which provides higher data rate. Two main terminals in the optical network i) ONT (Optical Network Terminal) ii) OLT (Optical Line Terminal) which are connected at service providers end and customer end. For detecting the failure location Centralized Failure Detection System (CFDS) is used. One of the major challenges is to maintain the network with maximum QoS in FTTH (fiber to the home) system. The proposed system has the facility for fault identification and advancements in localization of cable faults.

Keyword: Optical Fiber Cable, FTTH (fiber to the home),OTDR (optical time domain reflectometer).

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IJSRED

S. Chandramohan "Generation of Electric Power based on Footsteps" Vol 2-Issue 2 (659-662) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P81
82
An Outlook on Testing and Measurement Criteria for Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
Author(s): Dr. K. Umapathy
Page(s): 598-604
Abstract

IoT is highly essential to survive in the digital world. IoT is a broad term which includes the connected home, smart cities, the production industry and the digital electronics. However the advancement in the technologies is making industries more effective and the machines smarter. Due to the evolvement of IoT, there is a necessity for testing at various levels. IIoT testing depends on the device sensitivity, network reliability etc. In this paper we discuss an overview of testing and measurement parameters for Industrial Internet of things IIoT.

Keyword: Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), Testing.

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IJSRED

Dr. K. Umapathy "An Outlook on Testing and Measurement Criteria for Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)" Vol 2-Issue 2 (663-666) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P82
83
Sales Prediction System using Machine Learning
Author(s): Archisha Chandel, Akanksha Dubey, Saurabh Dhawale, Madhuri Ghuge
Page(s): 667-670
Abstract

This paper focuses on the class teaching of mathematical analysis course. It points out the problems exists in current teaching classes and puts forward some teaching suggestion to stimulate students’interest. Some reform and exploration on several aspects such as teaching content, teaching method, and assessment method, are proposed.

Keyword: Mathematical analysis, Teaching content, Teaching method, Assessment method.

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IJSRED

Archisha Chandel, Akanksha Dubey, Saurabh Dhawale, Madhuri Ghuge "Sales Prediction System using Machine Learning" Vol 2-Issue 2 (667-670) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P83
84
AGI BLOG: The Educational Portal
Author(s): Mrs. G. Lavanya, M. Ravi Teja, P. Amogh, P. Mahesh
Page(s): 671-673
Abstract

Educational organizations often face issues when delivering critical information to the faculty and students. The existing mode of communication is not reliable and may often fail to convey information to mass audience. To address these issues in existing system, we have developed an application called “AGI BLOG”. It is an android application exclusive for Anurag Group of Institutions. The app helps the students and faculty to share news, events and even announcements regarding academic curriculum. The role of an admin is to generate user feed, grant access and privileges to desired users and viewers get notified when an announcement has been made using custom android notifications. Viewers of news feed can comment and share articles in various social media. Students and faculty can interact with each other using a conventional messaging system integrated within the application. With exclusive google assistant integration, users can even ask queries and a chatbot will reply with appropriate answers to assist the user..

Keyword: Chat Bot, in-built Messaging system, notifications, feedback, communication channel

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IJSRED

Mrs. G. Lavanya, M. Ravi Teja, P. Amogh, P. Mahesh "AGI BLOG: The Educational Portal" Vol 2-Issue 2 (671-673) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P84
85
Home Automation - Real Time Video Monitoring System Using Raspberry Pi
Author(s): Sameer Gode, Devendra Hande, Atharva Hinge, Madhuri Ghuge
Page(s): 674-679
Abstract

In this paper, Embedded Real-time videomonitoring system based on ARM is designed, in which the embedded chip and the programming techniques are used. The central computing microprocessor which uses Raspberry pi is the core of the whole system. Real time video transmission is widely employed in police investigation, conferencing, media broadcasting and applications that include remote assistance. First, Raspberry’s Camera Module video data are collected by the embedded Linux system. All information are processed, compressed and transferred by the processing chip. Then, video information are sent to the monitor client by wireless network. This embedded observance system is to overcome the weak points of the traditional video surveillance systems, such as complex structure, instability, and expensive cost. It can been widely used in many fields.

Keyword: Video Capture, Video Compression,Video Streaming, Raspberry Pi.

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IJSRED

Sameer Gode, Devendra Hande, Atharva Hinge, Madhuri Ghuge "Home Automation - Real Time Video Monitoring System Using Raspberry Pi" Vol 2-Issue 2 (674-679) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P85
86
Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution Using Peanut Hull as Adsorbent
Author(s): Advait Swamy, Ajay Nirmal, Omkar Sakpal, M.B. Mandake
Page(s): 680-695
Abstract

Dyes are colour organic compound that can be colorize other substance. Many industries like the textile industry used dyes to colour their products and thus produce wastewater containing organics with a strong colour, where in the dyeing processes the percentage of dye lost in wastewater is 50% of the dye because of the low levels of dye-fibre fixation. To find an effective but cheap method for treatment of wastewater containing dye, peanut hull as agricultural by product is used for adsorption of Methylene Blue (MB) from aqueous solution. The effect of various parameter such as initial Methylene Blue concentration, peanut hull dosage and pH were examined and their optimum experimental condition were determined. Isotherm study were done by putting Adsorption data in Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm model and it was found that adsorption data followed Langmuir isotherm. Kinetics were studied using pseudo first order and pseudo second order model and sorption data were found to follow pseudo second order model. Mechanism of rate controlling step is determined by applying intraparticle diffusion model for the mass transfer model. Sorption data was found to be controlled by both intraparticle diffusion as well as adsorption step. The result in this study indicate that peanut hull was good adsorbent for removing Methylene Blue from aqueous solution.

Keyword: Adsorption, Peanut Hull, Methylene Blue, Isotherms, Kinetics, Mechanism..

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IJSRED

Advait Swamy, Ajay Nirmal, Omkar Sakpal, M.B. Mandake "Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution Using Peanut Hull as Adsorbent" Vol 2-Issue 2 (680-695) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P86
87
Study on Behaviour of Beam Column Joint with HSC & HPFRC
Author(s): PA.Saipraveen, S.Govindhan
Page(s): 696-709
Abstract

Beam column joint is a significant structural element for which, have to give a almost care in order to uphold the structures when subjected to the reversal of forces during earthquake. To satisfy the intended function of beam column joint it is essential to ensure the factors such as ductility, stiffness degradation and energy absorption capacity. In due course the joint should be flexible enough to undergo substantial shear deformation. This study illustrates the performance of two exterior beam column joints which have been modelled to a one fourth scale from a two bay six storey moment resisting frame subjected to cyclic loading. The joints are detailed as per the provisions given in IS 13920:1993 using M60 High Strength Concrete (HSC) and High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete(HPFRC) and High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete(HPFRC) with modified spacing. 1% of steel fibre is added based on volume fraction to enhance the joint strength, ductility and energy absorption capacity..

Keyword: - - -

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IJSRED

PA.Saipraveen, S.Govindhan "Study on Behaviour of Beam Column Joint with HSC & HPFRC" Vol 2-Issue 2 (696-709) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P87
88
Intelligent System For Understanding and Moitoring Of Health Diseases On Social Media
Author(s): Ms.S.Kiruthika, Ms.K.Suganthi
Page(s): 710-719
Abstract

Online networking has turned into a noteworthy hotspot for breaking down all parts of every day life. Because of devoted inactive theme investigation techniques.In this work, we are keen on utilizing internet based life to screen individuals' wellbeing after some time. The utilization of tweets has a few advantages including prompt information accessibility at practically no expense. Early observing of wellbeing information is integral to post-factum thinks about and empowers a scope of utilizations. We initially propose the Temporal Ailment Topic Aspect Model (TM– ATAM), another inert model committed to tackling the main issue by catching changes that include wellbeing related points. TM– ATAM is a non-clear augmentation to ATAM that was intended to extricate wellbeing related points. It learns wellbeing related theme changes by limiting the forecast blunder on subject disseminations between continuous posts at various time and geographic granularities. To take care of the second issue, we create T– ATAM, a Temporal Ailment Topic Aspect Model where time is treated as an irregular variable locally inside ATAM. Our examinations on a 8-month corpus of tweets demonstrate that TM– ATAM beats TM– LDA in assessing wellbeing related changes from tweets for various geographic populaces. We inspect the capacity of TM– ATAM to recognize changes because of atmosphere conditions in various geographic locales. At that point show how T– ATAM can be utilized to anticipate the most critical progress and also contrast T– ATAM and CDC (Center for Disease Control) information and Google Flu Trends.

Keyword: Social media, TM-ATAM, CDC,TM-LDA, Diseases.

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IJSRED

Ms.S.Kiruthika, Ms.K.Suganthi "Intelligent System For Understanding and Moitoring Of Health Diseases On Social Media" Vol 2-Issue 2 (710-719) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P88
89
Human Activity Pattern Predictions for Smart Health Care Applications
Author(s): Ms.G.Sivagami, Dr.EVRM.Kalaimani
Page(s): 720-728
Abstract

Human services administrations is a standout amongst the most testing angles that is significantly influenced by the immense flood of individuals to downtown areas. Thusly, urban communities around the globe are putting intensely in advanced change with an end goal to give more advantageous biological community to individuals. In such change, a large number of homes are being furnished with brilliant gadgets (for example shrewd meters, sensors and so on.) which produce gigantic volumes of fine-grained and indexical information that can be investigated to help savvy city administrations. In this paper, we propose a HAPP model that uses keen home enormous information as a methods for learning and finding human movement designs for medicinal services applications. We propose the utilization of successive example mining, group examination and expectation to quantify and dissect vitality use changes started by tenants' conduct. Since individuals' propensities are for the most part distinguished by regular schedules, finding these schedules enables us to perceive irregular exercises that may demonstrate individuals' challenges in taking consideration for themselves, for example, not planning nourishment or not utilizing shower/shower.

Keyword: Social media, Machine learning, Clustering, Smart meter, prediction Happ model.

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IJSRED

Ms.G.Sivagami, Dr.EVRM.Kalaimani "Human Activity Pattern Predictions for Smart Health Care Applications" Vol 2-Issue 2 (720-728) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P89
90
Efficient File Download Time Reduction System for Multi-Client Fog/Cloud Environment
Author(s): Ms.S. Srimadhura , Mrs.R.Sudha
Page(s): 729-737
Abstract

The concept is decreasing the download time of various records asked for by numerous customers from different cloud/mist stockpiling servers. Given conceivable past document downloads by the customers, organize coding can be productively abused to assist the download procedure. Since every customer can tune to just a single server at any given moment, the arrangements of customers served by the diverse servers must be disjoint so as to ensure a most extreme decrease in download time. To achieve disjoint download systems, a double clash organize coding chart is proposed. Given the immovability of the long haul ideal arrangement, we propose an online calculation utilizing the structured double clash diagram. For the instance of one record ask for per customer, both asymptotic lower and upper limits of the execution of the proposed strife free calculation are inferred.

Keyword: Cloud Computing, Data transfer, Multi user, Fog computing, Multi file.

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IJSRED

Ms.S. Srimadhura , Mrs.R.Sudha "Efficient File Download Time Reduction System for Multi-Client Fog/Cloud Environment" Vol 2-Issue 2 (729-737) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P90
91
Assessment Of Physico-Chemical Properties Of Soil From The Dumpsites of Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Author(s): D. K,Wunzani, M.S,Dauda, F .W,Abdulrahman A, Bawa, D.A.A,David
Page(s): 738-743
Abstract

Assessment of physico-chemical properties of soil from solid waste dumpsites in Kafanchan metropolis of Kaduna state, Nigeria was carried out. Representative samples of the solid wastes were collected from three selected dumpsites in Kafanchan metropolis respectively. Control samples were obtained from Government Reserved Area land at about 200m away from the dumpsites, using standard sampling methods. Physical and chemical properties of these samples were assessed after extraction. Classical and Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric methods were used for the analysis. Results obtained were subjected to statistical analysis for the range, mean, standard deviation and Variance using Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and its shows that, the concentration of most of the parameters were significantly different within the dumpsites. The comparison of the results of the dumpsites and control, shows that, most of the parameters from the dumpsites were higher than that of the control site. Therefore, the soil from the dumpsites are rich with plants micronutrients and macronutrients. Thus, the dumps from the dumpsites can be used as compost for soil amendment..

Keyword: Assessment, Physico-chemical, Properties, Solidwaste, Dumpsites, Micronutrient, Macronutrient and Compost.

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IJSRED

D. K,Wunzani, M.S,Dauda, F .W,Abdulrahman A, Bawa, D.A.A,David "Assessment Of Physico-Chemical Properties Of Soil From The Dumpsites of Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Nigeria" Vol 2-Issue 2 (738-743) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P91
92
Effect of Stiffness of Different Shapes of Building to Seismic Zones
Author(s): Avantika H. Dahikar, Vinayak D. Vaidya, Valsson Varghese
Page(s): 744-747
Abstract

The objective is to conduct a literature review to provide importance to develop a computational model on which linear / non-linear, static/ dynamic analysis is performed. The first part of this chapter presents a summary of various parameters defining the computational models, the basic assumptions and the geometry of the selected building considered for this study.Analysis of any structure for resisting earthquake is the basic need of this study. In this project analysis of a seismic resistant structure is a need of concern, and thereby establishing a comparison between structures with different plan geometry. Here the study is carried out for the behaviour of G + 5 H shaped buildings. The proposed H shaped building size is 29 x 35 m and also properties are defined for the building structure. The model of the building is created in STAAD Pro software . The properties are defined as per IS 1893: 2002 part1.The seismic zone considered for the model of building are in IV zone and soil type is medium. The modelling of building is done for Indian seismic zone IV IS1893 -2002.For given structure loading with applied loads includes live load, earthquake zone and dead load accordingly .Load consumptions are also provided according to the IS1893(part 1):2002.The analysis is carried out to determine max node, displacement and base shear ,stiffness. After analysis results are obtained in the form of graphs which are in turn observed to form conclusions.

Keyword: - - -.

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IJSRED

Avantika H. Dahikar, Vinayak D. Vaidya, Valsson Varghese "Effect of Stiffness of Different Shapes of Building to Seismic Zones" Vol 2-Issue 2 (744-747) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P92
93
Smart Wheel Chair for Physically Challenged People
Author(s): Sanjana N, Sufia Begum Shaikh, Vidya K, Vinushree H S, Zabiha Khan, Mohammed Elahi
Page(s): 748-753
Abstract

Based on the developing requirement of digitalization, networking, and intellectualization in smart home, an improved scheme of home appliance control system is proposed in this paper. It is focused on the system identification and information security. The software designed for smart phone and PDA(Personal Digital Assistant) based on Android operation system. The communication happens on UDP(User Data Gram Protocol) protocol based on IPv6 for WPAN(Wireless Personnel Area Network). The system helps physically challenged people to control home with click of a button on mobile phone. It provides easier access to their electrical appliances.

Keyword: PDA, UDP, WPAN, IPv6, Security.

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IJSRED

Sanjana N, Sufia Begum Shaikh, Vidya K, Vinushree H S, Zabiha Khan, Mohammed Elahi "Smart Wheel Chair For Physically Challenged People" Vol 2-Issue 2 (748-753) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P93
94
Multilocational Trial On Sammaz Maize (Zea Mays L) Variety On Yield Performance In The Northern Guinea Savannah Zone, Nigeria
Author(s): Mohammed D.Toungos, Mamudu Njodi, Mu’Azu Babayola, H.Kashim
Page(s): 754-788
Abstract

The multilocational field experiment were conducted at Yola and Mubi locations to study the performance of five (5) SAMMAZ Varieties of maize Viz: SAMMAZ 11, SAMMAZ 14, SAMMAZ 15, SAMMAZ 16, and SAMMAZ 17 in the northern guinea savannah zone of Nigeria, during the 2011 cropping season. The experiment was laid in a split plot design with maize varieties as the main plot treatments, while plant population, (53,333, 63,333, 80,000 and 106,666) as the sub-plot treatments. The treatment were replicated three (3) times. Characters measured included plant height, number of leaves per plant, number of days to 50% tasseling, number of day to 50 % silking, days to 95% maturity, stem diameter, length of ear, diameter of ear, number of grains per ear, 100 grain weight, Yield per plot and total grain yield per hectare. The result of the experiments showed that there was significant difference due to varietal effect in plant height at 3 WAS in Yola and at 7 WAS and 9 WAS in Mubi. Variety also affects days to 50% tasseling, days to 50% silking and days to 95% maturity at both locations. Interaction of variety and population affected harvest index in Mubi. Population significantly affected yield per plant, yield per plot, total grain yield per hectare in both locations. Combined analysis result showed highly significant effect due to location on plant height at 3 and 5 WAS and also due to variety, was highly significant at 3 and 5 WAS. Varieties affected number of leaves per plant significantly at 5 and 9 WAS and highly significant at 11 WAS. Location and varieties affected days to 50% tasseling, days to 50 % silking and days to 95% maturity highly significantly while population only affected days to 50% silking significantly. Diameter of ear and harvest index was highly significantly affected by location and significantly on number of grains per row. Varieties affected length of ear significantly. Location affected straw weight per plant highly significantly. SAMMAZ 15 which gave a plant population of 106,666 ha-1is recommended at the two locations.

Keyword: Varieties, Maize, SAMMAZ, tasseling, silking.

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IJSRED

Mohammed D.Toungos, Mamudu Njodi, Mu’Azu Babayola, H.Kashim "Multilocational Trial On Sammaz Maize (Zea Mays L) Variety On Yield Performance In The Northern Guinea Savannah Zone, Nigeria" Vol 2-Issue 2 (754-788) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P94
95
Applying Thesaurus-Based Semantic Compression for Afaan Oromo Text Retrieval
Author(s): Tesfaye Tadele, Debela Tesfaye, Shimelis.S
Page(s): 789-891
Abstract

Nowadays, the amount of information resource available on the Internet and World Wide Web (WWW) is increasing rapidly from day to day. Due to this reason, retrieving the appropriate information from these resources is becoming more and more complex task for information seekers. This situation makes it difficult for the users to identify the relevant information that match their information needs. Like in other languages, there are huge amount of electronic information resources that generate every day in Ethiopian languages.Specially, in Afaan Oromo. The growing amount of information resources are challenging for archival and searching specific information from them. Therefore, developing an effective information retrieval system for Afaan Oromo that allows searching and retrieving relevant documents as per user information needs is important. In an attempt to address this need, researchers have developed some information retrieval systems (IR). However, there is evidence that these IR systems have yet attained any promising system performance. This underperformance can be due to various reasons; the main cause of the IR system underperformance is due to semantic term mismatch or semantic nature of the natural language. Besides this, there has been no attempt made for Afaan Oromo IR (AOIR) system using semantic compression approach. Therefore, to solve these issues, integrating of thesaurus based semantic compression technique with generic IR system will improve performance of AOIR system. In this study, we have developed AOIR using thesaurus based semantic compression approach. The developed prototype has both indexing and searching parts. For experiment, 106 Afaan Oromo text documents collected from news articles, the Afaan Oromo Bible, websites and books by the researchers. Then, different text operations such as; tokenization, normalization, stop word removal and stemming were used to identify content bearing terms. Following this, tf-idf term weighting scheme is used to compute the weight of each content bearing term. Finally, semantic compression is applied in which semantic representation of each term is identified and thesaurus based inverted indexing structure is used in document indexing. The experiment is conducted using two ways, the first experiment is conducted without considering the synonymous search term and the second experiment is conducted by using thesaurus based indexing. From conducted experiment, the average result of 58.451% precision, 78.438% recall, and 61.520% F-measure are registered without thesaurus based semantic compression approach and thesaurus based semantic compression technique showed 71.014%, 89.287% and 77.715% average precision, recall and F-measure respectively. However, the system performance is still affected by the problem of polysemy.Therefore, additional work has recommended in order improving the system performance so that it can advance the AOIR further by using different techniques.

Keyword: information retrieval, indexing, semantic compression, thesaurus.

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IJSRED

Tesfaye Tadele, Debela Tesfaye, Shimelis.S "Applying Thesaurus-Based Semantic Compression for Afaan Oromo Text Retrieval" Vol 2-Issue 2 (789-891) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P95
96
The Symbol of Red Colour in Malaysian Literature in English
Author(s): Murooj Fareed Majeed
Page(s): 892-896
Abstract

Malaysia is a land of natural grace and cultural activity. It is a multicultural and multilingual society. It consists of three groups are the Malays, Chinese, and Indians. Each ethnic group lives and practice their own tradition, religion and culture. The article investigates the symbol of red color according to these different ethnic groups in Malaysia. The colour red has a significant role in the Indian and Chinese cultures, it is associated with their cultures. This article shows the importance of red for these ethnic groups in Malaysia since Malaysia is a multi-cultural country where people of Indian and Chinese origin live in, and also will clarify whether these groups have succeeded in bringing their cultures to Malaysia ,specifically the importance of red colour through the Malaysian novels in English ."The Rice Mother' ,"Evening Is The Whole Day", "The Garden Of Evening Mist".

Keyword: Malaysia ,Red, angpow, Indian, Chinese, Kumkum.

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IJSRED

Murooj Fareed Majeed "The Symbol of Red Colour in Malaysian Literature in English" Vol 2-Issue 2 (892-896) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P96
97
DG Connection Protection Based on Wavelet and Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Combination Method
Author(s): Ehsan Gharibreza, Mohammad Yousefikia
Page(s): 897-902
Abstract

In recent years, distributed generation has been expanding rapidly. Selection of the capacity and location of DGs has the benefits of improving power quality and reducing losses. In addition, many governments look at this with the aim of attracting private capital. Hence, capital maintaining and security of the investment is important for investors, and it is necessary to minimize the time of diagnosis and troubleshooting when the fault occurs, in order to get the best from the facilities. This paper is used WANFIS, which is presented as a combination of wavelet transform and ANFIS method. It is available to determine a fault in the connecting cable between generator and power supply at the shortest possible time. The proposed method was examined on a prototype network and the results show the accuracy of 94% in the correct diagnosis.

Keyword: Distributed Generation, Protection, Wavelet transform, Fuzzy algorithm, Signal processing.

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IJSRED

Ehsan Gharibreza, Mohammad Yousefikia "DG Connection Protection Based on Wavelet and Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Combination Method" Vol 2-Issue 2 (897-902) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P97
98
Design and Fabrication of Microstrippatch Antenna for Textile Applications
Author(s): Prasad.M, Praveen.C.S, Nithesh kumar.R, Ramya P
Page(s): 903-908
Abstract

Utilization of wearable textile materials as antenna substrate has been speedy due to the recent miniaturization of wireless devices. A wearable antenna is to be a part of the clothing used for wireless communication purposes, which include tracking and navigation, mobile and wearable computing and public safety. For user convenience there is an increasing need for integrating antennas on or in the clothing. The conventional antennas are not flexible and difficult for user to movements. There is a need of antennas made of flexible textile materials that can be part of user clothing defined as wearable antennas. Here at 2.45 GHz frequency patch antenna is designed and simulated using ADS.

Keyword: - - -.

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IJSRED

Prasad.M, Praveen.C.S, Nithesh kumar.R, Ramya P "Design and Fabrication of Microstrippatch Antenna for Textile Applications" Vol 2-Issue 2 (903-908) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P98
99
Performance Assessment of Grid Connected 1.1 MWP Solar Photo Voltaic Plant in India
Author(s): Shiv Kumar Tripathi
Page(s): 909-915
Abstract

The growing and developing nations, increased demand of power and limited availability of fossil sources triggered towards a sources who is purely clean green and also available in large amount . Solar energy is becoming a key option of clean and green source of energy all over the World. Many solar plants have been installed in India with different geographical sites. Investigation on the performance of solar power plants is important and initial key for installation of plant. Knowledge about the performance analysis of solar power plants result will provide correct investment decisions for installation. In this paper we examine the various parameter which is contributing to the performance of solar power plants, such as solar panel design , temperature, radiation, inverter efficiency, degradation due to aging and other climatic conditions. In this paper, performance of 1.1 MWp solar photo voltaic plant evaluated presented with the use of the computer software package PVSyst.. The performance ratio and the various power losses (solar irradiation, different type of module loss, temperature, Module soiling, AC and DC losses, cable and wiring loss etc) are calculated .Also evaluate the performance of plant in terms of different type of plant running losses like generation loss due to grid unavailability system breakdown, inverter breakdown. The use of appropriate performance parameters facilitates the comparison of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems that may differ with respect to solar panel design, modern technology and different geographic location. Five performance parameters evaluated that for overall system performance with respect to the energy generation, available solar radiation, and overall effect of system losses are the following: generation analysis, inverter loss analysis, inverter efficiency, system loss analysis and performance ratio analysis These performance parameters are discussed for their suitability in providing desired information for PV system design and performance evaluation . Also discussed are methodologies for determining system a.c. power ratings in the design phase using multipliers developed from measured performance parameters. This paper work shows the performance analysis of grid connected 1.1 MWp solar PV plant at Shivagangai dist. Tamilnadu.

Keyword: Solar energy, Solar photovoltaics, Solar radiation, Solar power plant, Performance analysis.

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IJSRED

Shiv Kumar Tripathi "Performance Assessment of Grid Connected 1.1 MWP Solar Photo Voltaic Plant in India" Vol 2-Issue 2 (909-915) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P99
100
Analysis of Fatigue Crack Propagation Life in a Single Edged Notched Beam Using FEA
Author(s): Bhushan Sunil Jawale
Page(s): 916-921
Abstract

In present fast pace product development scenario, validated FEA simulations are considered to be one of the reliable source of preliminary fatigue life estimation. FEA simulations may not prove to be a complete replacement to the fatigue testing but they can provide a detailed insight into the fatigue damage phenomenon. Present study demonstrates the finite element methodology adopted for accurate prediction of fatigue life of a mild steel plate with notch at the centre. In the present investigation an attempt has been made to develop a fatigue life prediction methodology by using an FEA in single edge notched (SEN) beams. Also the relationship between load and fatigue life, and stress ratio to fatigue life was determined for actual behaviour of SEN beams under cyclic loading.

Keyword: - - - .

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IJSRED

Bhushan Sunil Jawale "Analysis of Fatigue Crack Propagation Life in a Single Edged Notched Beam Using FEA" Vol 2-Issue 2 (916-921) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P100
101
A Study on Learning Perceptions among Computer Science and Engineering Graudates
Author(s): Dr.N.R.Ananthanarayanan
Page(s): 922-925
Abstract

In today’s world the professor role is to teach students the art of computer programming language, where students has to learn and execute programs in their laptop or systems. The professor has to manually prepare program code and ask the students to execute the code in their laptops. The professor has to teach students with the talk and chalk methodology in the class and giving program demo in the lab sessions. The advances in the field of Information and Communication Technology has penetrated the academic levels to reach globally, where in the professor can write / edit the teaching material sent to the students through mail or by any learning tools which are available with the professor. The trends in the field of information technology where learning content can digitized, stored and sent to the students at any point of time. Keeping this in mind a software is developed to upload the learning content by the professor wherein the students can download the content and read the material. The software developed is known as knowledge learn.

Keyword: ICT, Knowledge Learn, Learning Content.

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IJSRED

Dr.N.R.Ananthanarayanan "A Study on Learning Perceptions among Computer Science and Engineering Graudates" Vol 2-Issue 2 (922-927) Mar-Apr 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I2P101