International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development
( International Peer Reviewed Open Access Journal ) ISSN [ Online ] : 2581 - 7175
Sex Discrimination and Low Girl Birth are the Emerging issues of Sex Ratio & Child Sex Ratio (CSR) in Andhra Pradesh, evidence from Census and Civil & Sample Registration Systems
|International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED)|
|Published Issue : Volume-3 Issue-4|
|Year of Publication : 2020|
|Unique Identification Number : IJSRED-V3I4P33|
|Authors : Y.Jagannadha Puri|
MLA Style: Y.Jagannadha Puri "Sex Discrimination and Low Girl Birth are the Emerging issues of Sex Ratio & Child Sex Ratio (CSR) in Andhra Pradesh, evidence from Census and Civil & Sample Registration Systems" International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) Vol3-Issue4 | 222-237.
APA Style: Y.Jagannadha Puri. Sex Discrimination and Low Girl Birth are the Emerging issues of Sex Ratio & Child Sex Ratio (CSR) in Andhra Pradesh, evidence from Census and Civil & Sample Registration Systems. International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) Vol3-Issue4 | 222-237.
Our glorious state of Andhra Pradesh is known worldwide for many virtues – rich heritage, land of great world temples, large no.cltivators, food basket of the country etc. All these virtues, most unfortunately, have now been diminished in their stature as our state has now gained the nefarious term of the “Coastal state”. Inspite of showing great rates of overall development in agriculture, manufacturing and service sectors, tourisim, land of fishing harbors. The bias toward male child and its reflection in the adverse sex ratio in Andhra is not a recent phenomenon. In fact from the time census figures are available, i.e. 1901, Andhra has had the dubious distinction of being the Indian state with the most unbalanced sex ratio until 1971, and continues to be among the states with a high imbalance in male and female numbers. The historical adverse sex ratio testifies to the persistent un favorable condition of women in Andhra. Earlier, it was female infanticide that was practiced in Andhra to get rid of unwanted girl child and now the medical techniques that help in sex determination have accelerated the problem and converted into female foeticide. The sex ratio of our state has shown a regular decline during the past century and has shown only a meagre uplift during the last decade. Much research work has been done on this issue of declining sex ratio but I felt the need to probe deeper into the same as I wanted to know more about the reasons of the declining sex ratio in such a prosperous state as ours and, in particular, Visakhapatnam – the city I reside in. Thus I have chosen this topic for research. The present study is an attempt to analyze the determinants and implications of the declining sex ratios in Andhra. A detailed case study has been undertaken of Visakha district. The district is studied on the sub-division level. The present work embodies the results that were acquired from the interviews and focus group discussions held in all the five subdivisions of the Visakha district. The documented evidence on the factors affecting the sex ratio mainly focuses on many aspects such as socio-economic background, women autonomy, son preference, extent of sex selective testing etc. in Andhra state as well as in the district of Visakha. On the basis of the data acquired, conclusions have been drawn as to why the sex ratio of Andhra is at such a low level and the reasons and factors behind it, the most important being the son preference due to attached advantages along with like old age security, to inherit property, to perform last rites etc. People generally don’t prefer to have daughter because of increasing crime and violence against women and economical burden attached with them as dowry etc. A little daughter preference which is there in the society is just because girls are regarded as unpaid domestic workers i.e. they take care of the household and children for which they aren’t supposed to be paid. Accordingly, intervention policies have been suggested along with recommendations for strengthening of laws against sex selection and about general upliftment in the status of women so that the menace of sex selective.