International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development

International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development


( International Peer Reviewed Open Access Journal ) ISSN [ Online ] : 2581 - 7175

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IJSRED Volume 2 - Issue 4, July - August 2019


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S. No. Title and Authors Name Paper ID
1
The Influence of Brand Image and Product Price on Purchase Decision (A Study on iPhone in Indonesia)
Author(s): Esther KristianiYustisiana, Indira Rachmawati
Page(s): 01-07
Abstract

Smartphone is used to support everyone’s daily activities which explains how most people need at least one supportive smartphone. Smartphone user penetration rate in Indonesia was forecasted to be increased every year. The increasing number of smartphones users every year in Indonesia has caused an intense competition between smartphone vendors in Indonesia including iPhone.This research aims to investigate the influence of the independent variables which are Brand Image and Product Price towards the dependent variable which is Purchase Decision of iPhone in Indonesia. There are 400 responses from 400 targeted respondents from around Indonesia have filled out 34 questionnaire items. The collected data is measured by using Multiple Linear Regression Analysis in a statistical analytic tool which is called SPSS 25 with non-probability and purposive sampling technique.The results is Brand Image and Product Price both partially and simultaneously influence Purchase Decision. The result showed that Purchase Decision of iPhone in Indonesia is not only influenced by the brand image and product price, but also other factors that are not included in this research.

Keyword: Brand Image, iPhone Smartphone, Product Price, Purchase Decision.

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IJSRED

Esther KristianiYustisiana, Indira Rachmawati "The Influence of Brand Image and Product Price on Purchase Decision (A Study on iPhone in Indonesia)" Vol 2-Issue 4 (1-7) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P1
2
Farmers’ Perceptions on Pine Tree Plantations and Food Security in Kigezi Highlands Region of Uganda
Author(s): Jennifer Turyatemba Tumushabe, Bariyo Rogers
Page(s): 08-19
Abstract

This study evaluates peoples’ perceptions on pine tree growing and food security by analyzing both questionnaires and group discussion to collect data.From analysis of respondents, the percentage of targeted respondents that actually responded to the questionnaire was 98%. From the preliminary analysis conducted in this study, majority of respondents have the following attributes,1 ) diploma level education, 2) are males, 3) aged between 36-45 years, and 4) Had a negative attitude towards pine tree growing. Many aspects have been perceived as the major causes of food insecurity in the Kigezi Highland of Uganda. Perceptions of on-farm pine tree plantations and food security were measured by the rate they attribute to farmers’ livelihoods. The attributes measured as variables, that is, population pressure, income disparity, biodiversity loss and ecological imbalance, tree-crop competition, soil and land degradation, gender consideration, tree diseases, labour requirements and food security conflicts. The study applied a mixed research method, where descriptive cross-sectional research design was adopted. Both the qualitative and quantitative approaches were employed. Primary and secondary data sources were used to acquire data to accomplish the study where 384 participants took part in the study. Data was analysed using SPSS where both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to determine the results. The findings of the study indicate that pine tree plantation have got a negative effect on food security in the Kigezi Highlands. Despite having carbon markets and other co-benefits from pine tree adoption, the findings indicate that minority are benefiting from this intervention. The study was to examine the Hypothesis H01 Farmers’ perceptions of pine tree plantations do not have significant effect on food security in Kigezi Highlands Region. Hence, the null hypothesis of no significant effect of pine tree plantations on food security in Kigezi Highlands Region Uganda is rejected. The evidence of negative effect of farmers’ perceptions of pine tree plantations on food security in Kigezi Highlands Region is also in accord with some extant literature. The study recommends the adoption on farm agroforestry where farmers will have co-benefit for food security and improved livelihood, and diversification of enterprises to improve livelihood of communities in the Kigezi Highlands..

Keyword: Pine tree plantations, Food security, Farmers perceptions, Livelihoods, Land resource.

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IJSRED

Jennifer Turyatemba Tumushabe, Bariyo Rogers "Farmers’ Perceptions on Pine Tree Plantations and Food Security in Kigezi Highlands Region of Uganda" Vol 2-Issue 3 (08-19) May - June 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P2
3
Effects of SiOx Aging Time on Nano Crystalline Silicon Thin Film for Optoelectronic Devices using Sol-Gel Method
Author(s): Moniruzzaman Syed, Brittany Anderson, Joe Mvula, Yahia Hamada, Muhtadyuzzaman Syed, Tej Prasad Poudel
Page(s): 20-30
Abstract

This paper presents a simulation study of a smart antenna (SA) system based on direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation is based on the MUltiple SIgnal Classification (MUSIC) algorithm for finding the Position Location (PL) of the desired user. The beamformer steer the main beam towards the desired user and nullify all other interferer, through adaptive beamforming using Least Mean Square (LMS) algorithm. This simulation results revealed the sharper peaks in the MUSIC angular spectrum and deep nulls in the LMS beam pattern. Also, this paper deals with DOA estimation and adaptive beamforming for the dynamic case based on SA. Eigen decomposing fined the PL of the desired user using MUSIC algorithm and steer the beam toward this user using compute the weight vectors like Least Mean Square (LMS) algorithm. Also this paper illustrates the results for the LMS error on the basis of number of iteration / sample.

Keyword: Smart Antenna (SA), Beamformer, Direction-of-Arrival (DOA) Estimation, Multiple Single Classification (MUSIC), Least Mean Square (LMS), Signal Nulling.

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IJSRED

Moniruzzaman Syed, Brittany Anderson, Joe Mvula, Yahia Hamada, Muhtadyuzzaman Syed, Tej Prasad Poudel, "Effects of SiOx Aging Time on Nano Crystalline Silicon Thin Film for Optoelectronic Devices using Sol-Gel Method" Vol 2-Issue 3 (20-30) May - June 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P3
4
Home Automation System
Author(s): Krushna Daulappa Kalyankar, Gaurav Pandit Anandrao, Tushar Balshiram Bhalerao, Sudarshan Pramod Dhotre, Amaan Salim Ansari, Prof. Vidhya Thakare
Page(s): 31-38
Abstract

Home Automation System with advancement of technology things are becoming simpler and easier of us. Automatic systems are being preferred over manual system. Automatic Room Lights System using Arduino is a very useful project as you need not worry about turning on and off theswitches every time you want to turn on the lights. The main components of the Automatic Room Lights project are Arduino, PIR Sensor and the Relay Module.Out of the three components, the PIR Sensor is the one in focus as it is the main device that helps in detecting humans and human motion.In this paper we have presented a Home automation using Arduino and IOT. Our project proposes a low cost solution and Home automation is done using IOT system which uses mo-bile devices to control an analyze the basic home functions and features automvvatically through internet from any corner within short span of time. Arduino microcontroller is used to upload computer code to the physical board and controls sensors, relays as well as actuators..

Keyword: Component:- Automation, Arduino, PIR sensor, Relay Module, LED, Android and IOT.

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IJSRED

Krushna Daulappa Kalyankar, Gaurav Pandit Anandrao, Tushar Balshiram Bhalerao, Sudarshan Pramod Dhotre, Amaan Salim Ansari, Prof. Vidhya Thakare, "Home Automation System" Vol 2-Issue 3 (31-38) May - June 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P4
5
Influence of Individual Abilities and Work Motivation on Employee Performance Public Works and Spatial Planning of Palembang City
Author(s): Diyo Gilang Prasetya, Prof.Badia Perizade, Dr.Hj.Zunaidah,M.Si
Page(s): 39-45
Abstract

This research was conducted to see the influence between research variables, namely the ability variable (X1), work motivation variable (X2), on employee performance variables (Y). The research design is causality research with data analysis techniques using multiple linear regression analysis.To analyze and answer research problems, researchers tested the data in four stages, namely: (1) Research Instrument Test, (2) Classical Assumption Test Research, (3) Descriptive Analysis of Research Variables and (4) Multiple linear regression analysis. The object of the research was employees of the PUPR Office of Palembang City, which amounted to 169 people (Sampling Results).The results of the study prove that (1) the Individual Ability Variable (X1) has a positive and significant effect on employees performance of thePublic Works Spatial Planning Office of Palembang City. (2) Work Motivation Variable (X2) has a positive and significant effect on the performance of employees of the Public Works Spatial Planning Office of Palembang City. (3) Individual Capability Variables (X1) and Work Motivation Variables (X2) influence simultaneously and significantly on the performance of Palembang Public Works Spatial Planning staff.

Keyword: Component:- Individual Ability, Work Motivation, Performance Of Employee.

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IJSRED

Diyo Gilang Prasetya, Prof.Badia Perizade, Dr.Hj.Zunaidah,M.Si, "Influence of Individual Abilities and Work Motivation on Employee Performance Public Works and Spatial Planning of Palembang City" Vol 2-Issue 3 (39-45) May - June 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P5
6
A Study on Prevalence and Economic Significance of Bovine Hydatidosis in Debire Birhan Municipal Abattoir, Centeral Ethiopia
Author(s): Ermias Gebeyehu
Page(s): 46-90
Abstract

A cross-sectional study aimed at determining the prevalence and estimating the financial losses due to cystic echinococcosis (hydatidosis) in cattle slaughtered at Debre Berhan municipal abattoir was conducted from November, 2014 to April, 2015. Out of 384 examined animals, 110 (28.6%) were harboring visible hydatid cysts. Significantly higher infection was detected in cattle’s with poor (48.40%) than animals with medium (24.10%) and good body condition (20.30%). The prevalence of the parasite in male and female was 29.83 and 29.8% respectively. However, there was no significant variation was between two sexes. The prevalence was not statistically different between local (30.10%) and cross (19.20%) breeds. Regarding organ distribution, infections of the lung, liver, kidney and heart were 52.50, 38.10, 5.00, and 4.40%, respectively. Of the total 160 hydatid cysts counted, 64 (40.00%) were fertile, 80 (50.00%) sterile, and 16 (10.00%) were calcified. Of the 64 fertile cysts subjected for viability test, 24 (37.50%) were viable while 40 (62.50%) were nonviable. Moreover, assessment of annual economic loss due to bovine hydatidosis at Debre Berhan municipal abattoir from offal condemnation and carcass weight loss was about 3,730,328 ETB (186,516.40 USD). As the infection was detected in this study, there seems to be an existing favorable situation for hydatidosis, and hence, it remains one of the most important diseases warranting serious attention for prevention and control actions in the district. Hence, establishment of well-equipped standardized abattoirs, creation of public awareness, and control of stray dogs have paramount importance..

Keyword: Debre Berhan; Bovine; Economic significance; Fertility; Hydatidosis; Prevalence.

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IJSRED

Ermias Gebeyehu, "A Study on Prevalence and Economic Significance of Bovine Hydatidosis in Debire Birhan Municipal Abattoir, Centeral Ethiopia" Vol 2-Issue 3 (46-90) May - June 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P6
7
Experimental Study on the Effect of Partial Replacement with Flyash in Recycle Air Entrained Concrete
Author(s): R. Suriyakala , A.Jayabal
Page(s): 91-94
Abstract

Concrete is one of the most important materials employed in public works and building construction projects. It means that we are utilizing a tremendous amount of concrete and we will continue to use it. On the other hand, sustainable development has become more and more important. The human race is steadily transitioning its socio economic system in an effort to solve its resource, energy and environmental problems. It is obvious that the concrete industry also have to introduce environmental axis in to technologies.
In this project, recycled coarse aggregate was used as coarse aggregate and the fine aggregate composed of 85% of recycled fine aggregate and 15% of natural fine aggregate. Cement was replaced with flyash at 0%,10%,20%,30%& 40%. Concrete was prepared with the above ingredients and also with the air entraining agent. A comparative study was carried out on the properties of plain concrete and air entrained concrete and optimum percentage replacement of cement with flyash was also carried out. Nominal mix mentioned in the IS 456-2000 for M20 grade concrete was used for casting the specimens. Tests were carried out to find the compressive strength, strength and modulus of elasticity. Results of recycled aggregate concrete were compared with the air entrained recycled aggregate concrete. The optimum percentage replacement of cement with flyash is also reported.

Keyword: Flyash, Air ntraining Agent.

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IJSRED

R. Suriyakala , A.Jayabal, "Experimental Study on the Effect of Partial Replacement with Flyash in Recycle Air Entrained Concrete" Vol 2-Issue 3 (91-94) May - June 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P7
8
Measurement of Software Metrics
Author(s): Sanjeev Kumar
Page(s): 95-103
Abstract

By its nature, engineering is a quantitative discipline. Engineers use numbers to help them design and assess the product to be built. Until recently, software engineers had little quantitative guidance in their work - but that's changing. Technical metrics help software engineers gain insight into the design and construction of the products they build. Software project effort estimation is frequently seen as complex and expensive for individual software engineers. The Metric-set selection has a vital role in software cost estimation studies; its importance has been ignored especially in neural network.

Keyword: Software Robustness, Software Metrics, Software Quality, Project Metrics, Software Economics..

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IJSRED

Sanjeev Kumar, "Measurement of Software Metrics " Vol 2-Issue 3 (95-103) May - June 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P8
9
Experimental Investigation on Partially Replacement of Cement and Fine Aggregate by Glass Powder and Vermiculite
Author(s): P. Vanmathi, A.Dharani
Page(s): 104-108
Abstract

By its nature, engineering is a quantitative discipline. Engineers use numbers to help them design and assess the product to be built. Until recently, software engineers had little quantitative guidance in their work - but that's changing. Technical metrics help software engineers gain insight into the design and construction of the products they build. Software project effort estimation is frequently seen as complex and expensive for individual software engineers. The Metric-set selection has a vital role in software cost estimation studies; its importance has been ignored especially in neural network.

Keyword: Software Robustness, Software Metrics, Software Quality, Project Metrics, Software Economics..

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IJSRED

P. Vanmathi, A.Dharani, "Experimental Investigation on Partially Replacement of Cement and Fine Aggregate by Glass Powder and Vermiculite" Vol 2-Issue 3 (104-108) May - June 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P9
10
Detection of Legitimate Websites
Author(s): Mahezabeen N Ilkal
Page(s): 109-115
Abstract

Phishing is defined as mimicking a trusted company's website aiming to take private information of a victim. Different solutions have proposed in order to eliminate phishing. However, we can’t expect magic from single bullet to eliminate phishing threat completely. Data mining is a promising technique used to detect phishing attacks. In this paper, an intelligent system to detect phishing attacks is presented. We used different data mining techniques to decide categories of websites: legitimate or phishing. Different classifiers were used in order to construct accurate intelligent system for phishing website detection.

Keyword: Phishing, WHOIS, cybercrime.

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IJSRED

Mahezabeen N Ilkal, "Detection of Legitimate Websites" Vol 2-Issue 3 (109-115) May - June 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P10
11
Marketing Skills and Service Delivery of Entrepreneurs: The Need for Effective Communication among Small Scale Business Operators in Akwa IBOM State, Nigeria
Author(s): Uduak Amabel Essien , Ime Robson Nseobot
Page(s): 116-123
Abstract

The study accessed the need for effectual communication among small scale business operators in Akwa Ibom State in relation to service delivery and marketing skills. The population of the study comprised all the 16,304 small scale business operators’ registered with Akwa Ibom State branch office of Corporate Affairs Commission.250 respondents were picked from the mentioned population by a random sampling method. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. The instrument was validated by two experts in Test and Measurement. Data from 250 completed questionnaires was subjected Independent t-test analysis. The result proved communicating ability of the entrepreneurs has a relative effect on the service delivery among small scale and business operators in Akwa Ibom State.good marketing skills and communication will help the entrepreneur to deliver quality service to his customers. The study suggested the entrepreneurship education to be incorporated in the schools curriculum to educate the students and encourage them to could acquire marketing skills for better performances in the self-employment businesses. Seminars and workshops should be organized for these business operators..

Keyword: Marketing Skills; Service Delivery; Entrepreneurs; Communication; Business Operators.

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IJSRED

Uduak Amabel Essien , Ime Robson Nseobot "Marketing Skills and Service Delivery of Entrepreneurs: The Need for Effective Communication among Small Scale Business Operators in Akwa IBOM State, Nigeria" Vol 2-Issue 4 (116-123) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P11
12
Employee Engagement: Weapon in the Hands of HR Practitioners for Challenges of Talent War about to Begin
Author(s): Mr. Kishore Chandra Das, Dr. Sudip Kumar Ghose
Page(s): 124-131
Abstract

Ever since 1998, when a group of McKinsey consultants coined the expression ‘war for talent’ and posited that a fundamental belief in the importance of talent is needed to achieve organizational excellence (Michaels, Handfield-Jones, & Axelrod, 2001) the practitioners have always in search of weapons to win that for themselves. It is even more relevant now as preparedness of business and industry for the unprecedented challenges to be faced in the HR-front by virtue of talent war about to be more fierce in future. All most all the industriesare witnessing a very uncertain path over the last decade in the face of global recession and fluctuating market conditions. With 4G era round the corner and technology dominating the business in never before manner, it is evident that the talent pool which is an asset in the hands of the HR-mangers yesterday is not only considered obsolete to day but also overtaking the so called succession strategy. The human resources are now being evaluated from various prospective; also new ways and means are being figured out to keep them fighting fit in this era where you should create a talent faster than you lose a talent. Hence continuous search for tools to manage the talent or human resources in macro sense is a night mare for HR practitioners. Current study will be very much instrumental in addressing this issue because we have chosen a very strong tool called employee engagement which has fascinated many HR professionals for its exhaustive germane to the cardinal driving forces in people at work. Managing talent with a fare degree of accuracy will be the key to achieve the talent war across the business and industry.

Keyword: ---.

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IJSRED

Mr.Kishore Chandra Das, Dr.Sudip Kumar Ghose "Employee Engagement: Weapon in the Hands of HR Practitioners for Challenges of Talent War about to Begin" Vol 2-Issue 4 (124-131) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P12
13
Analysis on Conservation Status of Wild Life Habitats: A Case Study of Shwebo and Kanbalu District,Sagaing Region,Myanmar
Author(s): Myint San Win
Page(s): 132-141
Abstract

Shwebo and Kanbalu Districts which lie in the northern most part of the Dry Zone of Myanmar had once widespread distribution of wild animals. As local economies and population expand, throughout the region, forests, grasslands are being degraded or lost. Terrestrial mammals and bird population are under pressure from overexploitation. The objectives of this paper are to provide a basis for the development of wildlife conservation and protected areas; to highlight sites that are threatened or in adequately protected, so that urgent remedial measures can be taken. Arc GIS is used to show the spatial distribution of wild life habitats in conjunction with data. Conservation analysis is made by using Wikramanayake’s Weighted Criteria Method. The results show that wild habitats in study areas have contracted greatly and some of these habitats will require expanded-protected areas with strong law enforcement, while others will require additional strategies based on modifying human land uses.

Keyword: Wikramanayake’s Weighted Criteria Method.

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IJSRED

Myint San Win "Analysis on Conservation Status of Wild Life Habitats: A Case Study of Shwebo and Kanbalu District,Sagaing Region,Myanmar" Vol 2-Issue 4 (132-141) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P13
14
Experimental Investigation on Bond Strength in Coventional Concrete Filled Steel Tube - A Review
Author(s): Vinay N Gowda , Chethan Kumar S
Page(s): 142-148
Abstract

In this paper, the bond behavior between the steel tube and the conventional concrete in concrete-filled steel tubes (CFST) is investigated.A series of push-out tests on circular CFST specimens going to be conducted, and the main parameters considered in the test program were:(a) cross-sectional dimension; (b) steel type (galvanized steel); (c) concrete type (normal with addedd glass fibres); (d) concrete age (28 days); and (e) L/D ratio. To conduct the following push out test to find out the bond strength of conventional concrete filled steel tube the review on the following paper is cared out in this paper.

Keyword: Bond strength, Concrete filled steel tubes, Push out test

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IJSRED

Vinay N Gowda , Chethan Kumar S "Experimental Investigation on Bond Strength in Coventional Concrete Filled Steel Tube - A Review" Vol 2-Issue 4 (142-148) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P14
15
Effect of Brand Image and Brand Trust on Costumer Loyalti of Non Subsidizer NPK Fertilizer PT. PupukSriwidjaja Palembang
Author(s): Agus Priyanto , ZakariaWahab , Muchsin Saggaf Shihab
Page(s): 149-153
Abstract

This study aims: To analyze influence of (1) brand image and (2) brand trust to customer loyalty of non subsidized NPK fertilizer products at PT. PupukSriwidjaja Palembang (Persero). The study design used in this reasearch is associative and qaulitatif descriptive. The samples used were 100 respondens. To measure the influence between variables, used multiple linear regression and to test the hypotheses used to test the hypothesis F and t. Results of the study analysis showed (1) There is a significant effect of brand image to customer loyalty of non subsidized NPK fertilizer at PT. PupukSriwidjaja Palembang, and (b) There is a significant effect of brand image and to customer loyalty of non subsidized NPK fertilizer at PT. PupukSriwidjaja Palembang.

Keyword: Brand Image, Brand Trust, and Customer Loyalty.

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IJSRED

Agus Priyanto , ZakariaWahab , Muchsin Saggaf Shihab "Effect of Brand Image and Brand Trust on Costumer Loyalti of Non Subsidizer NPK Fertilizer PT. PupukSriwidjaja Palembang" Vol 2-Issue 4 (149-153) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P15
16
Factors to Predict Dengue Fever using Data Mining Techniques: A Review
Author(s): B. Sundari, M. Krishnamoorthy
Page(s): 154-160
Abstract

Dengue fever is a virus infection which is caused by female Aedes mosquitoes. It is mostly found in urban and suburban areas, as they like to breed in man- made containers like tires, flowerpots and household water. The dengue viruses occur in 4 serotypes (DENV1 to DENV 4). Its ranges from mild febrile disease to severe hemorrhagic fever. This research will analyze various dengue factors and reviewed about 40 research papers in the aim of identifying the data mining techniques and models used to predict the dengue

Keyword: Data mining, prediction, Dengue.

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IJSRED

B. Sundari, M. Krishnamoorthy "Factors to Predict Dengue Fever using Data Mining Techniques: A Review" Vol 2-Issue 4 (154-160) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P16
17
Performance Analysis of Outriggers System in Triple Towers Coupled with Cantilever Meeting at Point
Author(s): Harish kumar P, Abhinandhan K S, Doraiswamy
Page(s): 161-165
Abstract

Tall building development has been rapidly increasing worldwide introducing new challenges. As the height of the building increases, the stiffness of the building reduces. The Outrigger and Belt trussed system is the one of the lateral load resisting systems that can provide significant drift control for tall buildings. Thus, to improve the performance of the building under seismic loading, this system can prove to be very effective. The outrigger and belt truss system is commonly used as one of the structural system to effectively control the excessive drift due to lateral load, so that, during small or medium lateral load due to either wind or earthquake load, the risk of structural and non-structural damage can be minimized. For high-rise buildings, particularly in seismic active zone or wind load dominant, this system can be chosen as an appropriate structure. The objective of this paper is to study, the performance of outrigger structural system in triple towers coupled with cantilever meeting at center and to compare the vertical and horizontal displacement of nodes at extreme ends with the rigid jointed structure of same plan and elevation. The structure is analyzed and designed using staad.pro v8i software.an (G+9) Irregular structure is assumed for analysis and the material used for the purpose of analysis is steel.

Keyword: out rigger and belt trussed bracing, rigid joint, triple towers etc.

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IJSRED

Harish kumar P, Abhinandhan K S, Doraiswamy "Performance Analysis of Outriggers System in Triple Towers Coupled with Cantilever Meeting at Point" Vol 2-Issue 4 (161-165) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P17
18
The Impact of Microfinance Banks on Household Income and Expenditure among Rural Communities in Oyo State
Author(s): Prof. Usman,O.A, Oladipo,O.T
Page(s): 166-177
Abstract

The study evaluated the impact of microfinance banks on household income and expenditure among rural communities in Oyo State. Data were collected through questionnaires which were evenly distributed across the selected rural settlements to gather the opinions relating to the objective of the study using descriptive statistics and regression analysis to establish the relationship between microfinance banks and household income and expenditure. The results showed that emergence of microfinance banks in Oyo State impacts household level of income and expenditure because the size of loan obtained is negatively correlated to poverty index at 5% level of significant; which implies that an increase in size of loan obtained by an individual reduces the poverty level.

Keyword: Microfinance, household, Income, Expenditure and Poverty.

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IJSRED

Prof. Usman,O.A, Oladipo,O.T "The Impact of Microfinance Banks on Household Income and Expenditure among Rural Communities in Oyo State" Vol 2-Issue 4 (166-177) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P18
19
Identification of Green Construction Factors in Construction Projects
Author(s): Anita Rauzana, RinaSuryaniOktari, Wira Dharma
Page(s): 178-183
Abstract

The concept of Green Development is a total construction practice from the planning, implementation, and operational stages, which prioritizes health and comfort in activities for humans. through efficient and innovative use of natural resources, this is done for environmental sustainability. This concept is also useful in the long term in economic and social aspects if it is successfully implemented optimally. Green construction is needed to minimize the negative impact on the environment to meet the needs of human habitation.The purpose of study is to identify green construction factors in construction projects. The results of the study obtained 5 green construction factors, and 27 indicators of green construction, where the health and safety management system (X1) consists of 5 indicators (18.51%), environmentally friendly behavior (X2) consisting of 5 indicators (18,51 %), Construction materials (X3) consists of 7 indicators (25.92%), Supplier selection (X4)) which consists of 4 indicators (14.81%), and Energy Conservation (X5)) which consists of 6 indicators ( 22.25%).

Keyword: Green, construction, indicator, factor, project.

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IJSRED

Anita Rauzana, RinaSuryaniOktari, Wira Dharma "Identification of Green Construction Factors in Construction Projects" Vol 2-Issue 4 (178-183) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P19
20
Bio-Energy Generation from Food Waste by Hydrothermal Liquefaction
Author(s): V Mounika, Desham Kodandaram Reddy, Yaminidhar Reddy Bhavanam
Page(s): 184-196
Abstract

Growing nation has a great need for energy. Energy demand is severed by many environmental concerns due to increasing carbon emissions led by burning of fossil fuels. There are numerous ways being followed to generate energy from food waste.This paper attempts to introduce various technologies for conversion of waste to energy and a detailed analysis on the technique of Hydrothermal Liquefaction of food waste considering a model food waste sample. Thus, finally the end products of the process are further discussed to obtain electrical energy. Hydrothermal Liquefaction mimics the natural process of fossil fuel formation from biomass feedstocks and it holds great promise as a renewable energy source..

Keyword: Hydrothermal Liquefaction, fossil fuel, biomass, renewable energy..

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IJSRED

V Mounika, Desham Kodandaram Reddy, Yaminidhar Reddy Bhavanam "Bio-Energy Generation from Food Waste by Hydrothermal Liquefaction" Vol 2-Issue 4 (184-196) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P20
21
Automation System for Electronic Devices Using IOT
Author(s): San San Lwin, Win Win Maw
Page(s): 197-203
Abstract

Nowadays, the smart home technology is becoming popular in environment. Among these, the home appliances control using IoT is the most updated technology. Home appliances, such as light on and off, fan on and off and also air-con etc, can be turned on and off over mobile phones through internet. This system is explaining how to control designed circuit of two bulbs wirelessly but according to ones need one can connect any device (sensors, appliance etc, upto 8) to NodeMCU and can gain wireless control over it, with the help of this system, one can implement circuit and connect it with NodeMCU, program it accordingly with the help of Arduino and control device with the help of a Smartphone.

Keyword: transformer, bridge rectifier, LM323, ESP8266 Wi-Fi Module, single relay modules.

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IJSRED

San San Lwin, Win Win Maw "Automation System for Electronic Devices Using IOT" Vol 2-Issue 4 (197-203) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P21
22
Temperature and Humidity Measuring System Based on IOT
Author(s): Win Win Maw, San San Lwin
Page(s): 204-209
Abstract

Development in Internet of Things (IoT) goes rapid increasingly the aim of this system is to design weather monitoring system based on the concept of using the Raspberry Pi as an interfacing device as well as a web server. Weather affects many fields such as agriculture, industrial area so monitoring station needs and that can take measurements of the temperature, rain, light dependent resistor, humidity, barometric pressure and save them on a server so that this data can be accessed from anywhere via the Internet. This system is useful for every home, school or workplace has its own microclimate, so taking measurements, and local data is generated, stored and then can compare with the previous data..

Keyword: Transformer, Bridge Rectifier, DHT11 sensor, LM323 Voltage Regulator, ESP8266 Node MC, LCD display.

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IJSRED

Win Win Maw, San San Lwin "Temperature and Humidity Measuring System Based on IOT" Vol 2-Issue 4 (204-209) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P22
23
Economic Evaluation Methods of Solar Powered Water Pumping System
Author(s): Eltayeb Mohammed Bakheet
Page(s): 210-220
Abstract

Providing clean, environmentally safe water for livestock in sufficient quantities continues to be a major concern for farmers and ranchers. Abundant water in remote locations in needed to insure that grasslands are grazed evenly. The power source for solar water pumping, have no moving parts, requires no maintenance and last for decades. A properly used solar pumping system will be efficient, simple and reliable. Solar powered pumping systems are used principally for three applications town and city water supply, livestock watering and irrigation.
The aim of this study is to economical evaluationmethodsas well as aspects of economic evaluation of Solar Powered Water Pumping System. While the cost of solar energy has declined rapidly in the recent past, it still remains much higher than the cost of conventional energy technologies. Like other renewable energy technologies, the methods presented here could help illustrate the economic evaluation of solar energy technologies with other technologies at present.

Keyword: Photovoltaic (PV), Solar Energy, Water pumping system, economic evaluation.

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IJSRED

Eltayeb Mohammed Bakheet "Economic Evaluation Methods of Solar Powered Water Pumping System" Vol 2-Issue 4 (210-220) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P23
24
Preparation and Characterization of Activated Carbon from Waste of Corn Cob (Zea mays L)
Author(s): Mutia Marlina, Ananda Putra
Page(s): 221-228
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to prepare and characterize activated carbon from waste corn cob (Zea mays l). The method used for preparation carbon from corn cob was pyrolysis with variations in the pyrolysis temperature 290 oC and 300 oC for 1 hour, this carbon was activated by chemical activation process with various activating reagent of HCl, ZnCl2, and KOH. Then the optimum results will be varied concentration which is 2N, 4N, 6N, 8N, 10N. In the study, activated carbon was characterized based on actived carbon quality standards No. 06-3730-1995. The results of the research the best actived carbon was obtained from pyrolysis was 290 oC using a ZnCl2 4N activator solution and having water content of 2,07%, vapor content of 5,9%, ash content of 1,29% and bonded carbon content of 92,81%. Based on the results of the study, activated carbon of corn cobs conformed the carbon quality standards SNI No. 06-3730-1995..

Keyword: Activated Carbon, Corn Cobs, Pyrolysis, SNI No. 06-3730-1995

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IJSRED

Mutia Marlina, Ananda Putra "Preparation and Characterization of Activated Carbon from Waste of Corn Cob (Zea mays L)" Vol 2-Issue 4 (221-228) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P24
25
Case Analysis of Police Offices using of Back Propagation Neural Network with Genetic Algorithm
Author(s): Aung Kyaw Oo, Aye Zarchi Minn
Page(s): 229-235
Abstract

Data mining is a procedure of extraction of information and knowledge that are hided in data, unknown by people and potentially useful from a large quantity of data with multiple characteristics. The data-mining model based on genetic neural network has been widely applied to the procedure of data mining. This paper presents a method that combines the learning algorithm of Back Propagation (BP) neural network with genetic algorithm to train BP network and optimize the weight values of the network. The system uses a single hidden layer. Input for the system is training data set of police office data. Each attribute values are all numeric-valued. At the beginning, each training data set is trained using Neural Network architecture with sigmoid function. Then, by using GA, neural network weights are chosen as parents for selection, crossover and mutation. The weights are optimized, using genetic algorithm. The fitness is calculated and the selection is performed with method of roulette wheel selection. This system can be solved cases of police office rapidly and make decisions efficiently using the historical data.

Keyword: Data mining, Neural Network, Back Propagation (BP), Genetic Algorithm.

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IJSRED

Aung Kyaw Oo, Aye Zarchi Minn "Case Analysis of Police Offices using of Back Propagation Neural Network with Genetic Algorithm" Vol 2-Issue 4 (229-235) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P25
26
Satisfaction Analysis of Atrium Day Lighting in Jordanian Residential Building
Author(s): Haytham Jaradat, Abdullah Sani Kamaluddin, Marzuki Ibrahim
Page(s): 236-243
Abstract

Globally, daylight is an important issue in the modern architecture. Since, it affects the functional arrangement of spaces, occupant comfort, structure, and energy use in the buildings. Locally, in Jordan,there is a lack of studies that deal with architectural and interior design efforts to address the indoor daylight quality in houses. Also, Atrium houses are not widely spread in Jordan. The study aimed to; measure the satisfaction levels of atrium roof residents with daylight at Jordan in terms of interior design suitability, thermal comfort, and interior visual comfort. Methodologies: The research methodologies are quantitative and cross-sectional ones. The study conducted in Amman, Jordan. A sample of (355) respondents filled the self-administration questionnaire properly. The questionnaire had been developed based on previous studies, and its validity and reliability were done. Results: The study concluded that, Jordanians were satisfied regarding the daylight in their atrium roofs in terms of interior design suitability,thermal comfort, and interior visual comfort. The research findings suggest that Atrium Day Lighting in Jordanian residential building is crucial to be analysed and it is also significantly dependent on the identified factors; the interior design, thermal comfort as well as the vision comfort. All of these factors help the related residential sites constructors to have an insight about the factors that need to be focused upon while designing.

Keyword: Satisfaction, Residential, Day Lighting, Atrium.

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IJSRED

Haytham Jaradat, Abdullah Sani Kamaluddin, Marzuki Ibrahim "Satisfaction Analysis of Atrium Day Lighting in Jordanian Residential Building" Vol 2-Issue 4 (236-243) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P26
27
Using Adsorption Method by Tea Leaves to Minimize Sulfate Ion Concentration in Polluted Water
Author(s): Hyman Jafar Meerza Al-Jaaf
Page(s): 244-255
Abstract

The research aims to study minimizing ordecreasing sulfate ion concentration inpolluted water using adsorption method bytealeaves. The samples were collected from four areas on the Tigris River side in Baghdad city that are, Bab Al-Muddam, Al-Doora, Al-Kademiyah and Al-Adamiyah. At these areas and on the river sides, there are hospitals, Electric power plants, factories, restaurants and residential houses. The result showed that before adsorption method at standard temperature, sulfate ion concentration was high. This referred that these institutes might be pour theirswastewater directly to the river, which leads to pollute the water of the river. Therefore, the wastewaterneeded to be treated before pouring to the river.After adsorption, sulfate ion concentration is decreased gradually depending on twofactors, which are temperature and contact time.The results presented that adsorption process by using tealeaves as an adsorption material hadsignificant impact in decreasing sulfate ion concentration in polluted water. On the other hand, the temperature as a factor was more effective than contact time in minimizing sulfate ion concentration inpolluted water until reach the desired value (200-400mg/l) as standard Iraqi’s requirements..

Keyword: Adsorption method, Tealeaves, Sulfate ion and Polluted water.

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IJSRED

Hyman Jafar Meerza Al-Jaaf "Using Adsorption Method by Tea Leaves to Minimize Sulfate Ion Concentration in Polluted Water" Vol 2-Issue 4 (244-255) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P27
28
Stem Approach Students’ Worksheet Development with 4D Model in Sound Waves Topic
Author(s): Richard Wynn Aristo, Togi Tampubolon
Page(s): 256-259
Abstract

This study aims to make student’s worksheet on Sound Waves material in accordance to the STEM approach, to find out how much the students responses to the developed student’s worksheet and find out how feasible the student’s worksheet are developed. This study uses the 4D development model and it is limited to the third stage, namely the development stage. This research was conducted in SMA Negeri 1 Perbaungan and the data obtained in the form of questionnaires. From the results of the material expert's assessment, the student’s worksheet developed received a percentage of 96.43% and 95% by education expert. Then the results of the assessment by the physics teacher got an average percentage of 95.54%. The percentage results of individual response is 78.75%, the percentage results of small group response is 88.75% and the percentage results of large group response is 95.56%. So it can be concluded that the student’s worksheet which was developed in accordance to the STEM approach obtained a good assessment and appropriate to be used as a source of physics learning.

Keyword: Student’s Worksheet, 4D Model, STEM Approach.

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IJSRED

Richard Wynn Aristo, Togi Tampubolon "Stem Approach Students’ Worksheet Development with 4D Model in Sound Waves Topic" Vol 2-Issue 4 (256-259) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P28
29
Silenced Violence Versus Instagram Likes: Are They The Same?
Author(s): Arlo Parker
Page(s): 260-266
Abstract

It is not often that a simple caption change under a photo on Instagram leads to death threats. And yet, it is exactly what happened when an Instagrammer Essena O’Neill changed the captions on her photos. O’Neill, 18, is an Australian Instagram model, who leveraged a “contrived” sense of beauty and her great genes, to create an image of a perfect carefree coquettish blonde with an illuminating smile, graceful posture, tiny waist, – seemingly enjoying life – all while making profits from the advertisement endorsements. It is interesting that whenO’Neill changed alluring captions on her photos to more accurate descriptions of what was actually happening at the time the photo was taken, her followers had an extremely negative reaction to the point of sending her death threats. One week later, she deleted most of her photos,accounts, and decided to quit social media altogether..

Keyword: - - -.

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IJSRED

Arlo Parker "Silenced Violence Versus Instagram Likes: Are They The Same?" Vol 2-Issue 4 (260-266) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P29
30
Effect of Crosslinker Addition on the Composite Characteristics of Bacterial Cellulose-Aloe vera Extract
Author(s): Nanda Cimpia, Ananda Putra
Page(s): 267-272
Abstract

Bacterial cellulose can be applied in various fields such as the biomedical field, separation membranes, artificial blood vessels, and substrates for tissue engineered cartilage. Bacterial cellulose still has low mechanical properties, so that a composite of bacterial cellulose with aloe vera extract (BC-AvE) is formed to get a new better material. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of crosslinkers (wheat flour, tapioca flour, and glutinous rice flour) on the mechanical, physical, and structural properties of BC-AvE composites. Bacterial cellulose is produced from a mixture of coconut water, sugar and urea. Then it ferments with acetobacter xylinum for 14 days. The bacterial cellulose formed in the composite with an aloe vera extract and it’s called bacterial cellulose-aloe vera extract (BC-AvE). BC-AvE composites will be characterized by testing tensile strenght, water content, and structural analysis with FTIR. Addition of crosslinkers can reduce the percentage of water content of BC-AvE. The best tensile strength test results were BC-AvE which added tapioca flour solution with a value of 68,13 MPa. Futhermore, the FTIR spectrum shows that the clusters of functions in cellulose are just shifting.

Keyword: Bakterial Cellulose, Crosslinker, Composite, Aloe vera.

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IJSRED

Nanda Cimpia, Ananda Putra "Effect of Crosslinker Addition on the Composite Characteristics of Bacterial Cellulose-Aloe vera Extract" Vol 2-Issue 4 (267-272) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P30
31
Field Performance of Thin-Film Photovoltaics
Author(s): Magnanil Goswami, Cheviti Sudheer
Page(s): 273-277
Abstract

Fluctuating irradiance, spectral, and temperature characteristics causes a wide sweep in the outdoor performance of thin-film photovoltaics (TFPVs). In order to forecast the outdoor behavior of such TFPV modules it is customary to develop empirical models augmented from measured datasheets, which in-turn leads to key performance insights of these modules. The impending discourse is dictated by this motive at the first place, followed by an analysis of real-time results comprising of data procured from various locations by dint of standard approaches. Analysis of spectral behavior based on measured and simulated spectra are also discussed in this context.

Keyword: Air mass, FOF, PV, Spectral irradiance, Temperature, Thin-film.

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IJSRED

Magnanil Goswami, Cheviti Sudheer "Field Performance of Thin-Film Photovoltaics" Vol 2-Issue 4 (273-277) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P31
32
Theoretical and FEA Analysis of Brake Drum using Different Materials
Author(s): Karri Balark, Dr.V.Sridhar Patnaik
Page(s): 278-283
Abstract

Fluctuating irradiance, spectral, and temperature characteristics causes a wide sweep in the outdoor performance of thin-film photovoltaics (TFPVs). In order to forecast the outdoor behavior of such TFPV modules it is customary to develop empirical models augmented from measured datasheets, which in-turn leads to key performance insights of these modules. The impending discourse is dictated by this motive at the first place, followed by an analysis of real-time results comprising of data procured from various locations by dint of standard approaches. Analysis of spectral behavior based on measured and simulated spectra are also discussed in this context.

Keyword: Air mass, FOF, PV, Spectral irradiance, Temperature, Thin-film.

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IJSRED

Karri Balark, Dr.V.Sridhar Patnaik "Theoretical and FEA Analysis of Brake Drum using Different Materials" Vol 2-Issue 4 (278-283) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P32
33
Semantic Analysis and Evaluation of Subjective Passage
Author(s): Khanderao Biradar, Snehal Chaskar, Mansi Hirve, Rahil Jaiswal
Page(s): 284-287
Abstract

Automation of descriptive answer evaluation process would be helpful for various universities and academic institute to efficiently handle the assessment of exam answer sheets of students. An automatic answer checker application that checks and remarks written answer similar to human being. The purpose of this system is to automate the old fashioned manual system and introduce automatic evaluation of marks in much faster and accurate way. The system requires you to store original answer (i.e. sample answer paper) for the system to perform semantic analysis. By representing the descriptive answer in the form of paragraph and comparing it with standard answer are the key steps in our approach. The similarity obtained from semantic analysis is then normalized to obtain the final resultant score of answer..

Keyword: Computer Assisted Assessment , Natural Language Processing , Keyword Analysis,Semantic Matching.

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IJSRED

Khanderao Biradar, Snehal Chaskar, Mansi Hirve, Rahil Jaiswal "Semantic Analysis and Evaluation of Subjective Passage" Vol 2-Issue 4 (284-287) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P33
34
Comparative Performance Evaluation of FFT-PCA Human Palmprint Identification
Author(s): Pratibha, Satnam Singh Dub, Bhanu Gupta
Page(s): 288-295
Abstract

The paper aims towards development of FFT-PCA Human Palmprint Identification Application using MATLAB which is tested on three different databases available for palmprint recognition. Also the comparisons of the tested results are made for achieving accuracy and efficiency for its versatility of operation over a global population. The testing on CASIA Palmprint Database Dataset1 resulted in a % accuracy performance of 98.125%. The IIT Delhi Database results show a slightly lower % accuracy performance of 94.375%. The Hong Kong PolyU Database has testing shows slightly higher % accuracy performance of 96.25% than IITD Palmprint Database and slightly lower % accuracy than CASIA Palmprint Database. The FFT-PCA palmprint recognition application shows considerably better performance when tested on CASIA Palmprint Database (Dataset1) and PolyU Palmprint Database (Dataset3) than IITD Database (Dataset3) with %accuracy deficit rate of 3.75% and 1.875 respectively.

Keyword: FFT, PCA, Palmprint, MATLAB, CASIA, IITD, PolyU.

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IJSRED

Pratibha, Satnam Singh Dub, Bhanu Gupta "Comparative Performance Evaluation of FFT-PCA Human Palmprint Identification" Vol 2-Issue 4 (288-295) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P34
35
Enhancing Managerial Effectiveness Through Mobile Apps
Author(s): Ms.Tanima Soni
Page(s): 296-301
Abstract

Today the world is getting smart this is due to the intensive and wide spread development in the technology of the mobile world. The innovative initiative of Apple, Samsung, Micromax, and Microsoft has totally changed the concept of using mobile phones. Anyone of us would have not thought of such an innovative revolution. Technology is advancing day by day and people are more inclined towards smart phones, tablets or any other mobile devices. With increasing advances in mobile technology, the intuitive interfaces and high speed data access has made mobile computing a much better experience for users..

Keyword: Mobile, Apps, innovation, manager, employees..

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IJSRED

Ms.Tanima Soni "Enhancing Managerial Effectiveness Through Mobile Apps" Vol 2-Issue 4 (296-301) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P35
36
Line Balancing by Using Time Study
Author(s): Sarfraj.J.Mulani, Anant D.Awasare, R.M.Shetenawar, Dr. Raju N.Panchal
Page(s): 302-304
Abstract

Assembly line is the key function to get the mass production. The research has been done for assembly line balancing with various studies. Assembly is the important process for manufactured goods insight where parts and subassemblies are incorporated together to form the end products. As product variety increases due to the shift from mass production to mass customization, the time factor is an important parameter. In this paper introduce the challenges of design and execution with respect to the time study.

Keyword: Product realization, mass customization, disassemble and installation.

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IJSRED

Sarfraj.J.Mulani, Anant D.Awasare, R.M.Shetenawar, Dr. Raju N.Panchal "Line Balancing by Using Time Study" Vol 2-Issue 4 (302-304) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P36
37
The Impact of Community Participation on Sustainable Tourism development in Krabi Province of Thailand
Author(s): Phatnista Naranon, Mahadzirah Mohamad
Page(s): 305-316
Abstract

In this regard tourism is an increasingly important source of economic expansion, income, employment creation for local people and wealth in many countries. In Krabi province of Thailand, large numbers of tourist arrivals have been rapidly and significantly impacted the increasing number of hotels that have boosted the tourism receipts. In Krabi province of Thailand, tourist arrivals have been increasing and bring about an increasing number of hotels that have boosted the tourism receipts. However, it also comes with its negative impact on environmental, economic and social-cultural well-being. Thus, the purpose of this study is to improve sustainable tourism development. The objective of the study was to determine the effect of community participation on sustainable tourism development. A quantitative method was conducted using self-administered questionnaires, a total of 286 hotel managers were selected using simple random sampling from two districts namely, MueangKrabi and Ko Lanta. Exploratory factor analysis was performed using statistical package for social science (SPSS)program software version 21 and then confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was done to assess the multidimensionality, validity and reliability of the theoretical constructs. Structural equation model (SEM) using the analysis of moment structures (AMOS) software version 21 was applied to the dataset to test the proposed hypotheses. The result of the study found that community participation does not have a significant positive effect on sustainable tourism development.The finding of the study contributed to the theoretical implication which proposed a new structural model that examined the relationships between community participation and sustainable tourism development.Future research suggests enhancing the present model by proposing along with community participation and community-based tourism on sustainable tourism development among hotel manager toin terms of long-term sustainability.

Keyword: Community Participation, Sustainable Tourism Development, Tourism.

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IJSRED

Phatnista Naranon, Mahadzirah Mohamad "The Impact of Community Participation on Sustainable Tourism development in Krabi Province of Thailand" Vol 2-Issue 4 (305-316) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P37
38
Sensory Evaluation Of Rose Petal (Rosaceae) ICE Cream
Author(s): Ivon L. Lavilla, Cenby Eppie G. Gaytos, Remedios Doblon –Merilles, Teresita Villa G. Lacaba, D.M
Page(s): 317-353
Abstract

In this regard tourism is an increasingly important source of economic expansion, income, employment creation for local people and wealth in many countries. In Krabi province of Thailand, large numbers of tourist arrivals have been rapidly and significantly impacted the increasing number of hotels that have boosted the tourism receipts. In Krabi province of Thailand, tourist arrivals have been increasing and bring about an increasing number of hotels that have boosted the tourism receipts. However, it also comes with its negative impact on environmental, economic and social-cultural well-being. Thus, the purpose of this study is to improve sustainable tourism development. The objective of the study was to determine the effect of community participation on sustainable tourism development. A quantitative method was conducted using self-administered questionnaires, a total of 286 hotel managers were selected using simple random sampling from two districts namely, MueangKrabi and Ko Lanta. Exploratory factor analysis was performed using statistical package for social science (SPSS)program software version 21 and then confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was done to assess the multidimensionality, validity and reliability of the theoretical constructs. Structural equation model (SEM) using the analysis of moment structures (AMOS) software version 21 was applied to the dataset to test the proposed hypotheses. The result of the study found that community participation does not have a significant positive effect on sustainable tourism development.The finding of the study contributed to the theoretical implication which proposed a new structural model that examined the relationships between community participation and sustainable tourism development.Future research suggests enhancing the present model by proposing along with community participation and community-based tourism on sustainable tourism development among hotel manager toin terms of long-term sustainability.

Keyword: Community Participation, Sustainable Tourism Development, Tourism.

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IJSRED

Ivon L. Lavilla, Cenby Eppie G. Gaytos, Remedios Doblon –Merilles, Teresita Villa G. Lacaba, D.M "Sensory Evaluation Of Rose Petal (Rosaceae) ICE Cream" Vol 2-Issue 4 (317-353) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P38
39
Packaging and Labeling Industries
Author(s): Aditya Saxena, Deepinder Kaur
Page(s): 354-361
Abstract

Packaging has great role in attracting customers. Big manufacturing units attract customers on the basis of packaging and labelling. It beautifies the product but at the same time one must know the proper techniques to pack the material depending upon the nature.

Keyword: Air compressor, Moulding packaging, machinery.

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IJSRED

Aditya Saxena, Deepinder Kaur "Packaging and Labeling Industries" Vol 2-Issue 4 (354-361) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P39
40
A Practical Approach to Design and Development of Solar Powered Low Cost, Efficient and Eco-Friendly Electric Vehicle
Author(s): D Sai Kumar, M Sai Rahul, M Indeevar Reddy, M Tejaswini, T Dinesh, K S Pratap, Yaminidhar Bhavanam
Page(s): 362-385
Abstract

Solar powered electric vehicle will utilise the renewable energy source like solar energy to run the automobiles with less cost and more reliability. Now- a-days we are in heavy need to use the solar power, as in the coming days everything we use might depend on this kind of systems. Therefore, it is deemed necessary to carry out research in order to design and develop a low cost, efficient and eco friendly electric vehicle.

Keyword: Solar Energy, Maximum Power Point Tracking, Electric Vehicle.

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IJSRED

D Sai Kumar, M Sai Rahul, M Indeevar Reddy, M Tejaswini, T Dinesh, K S Pratap, Yaminidhar Bhavanam "A Practical Approach to Design and Development of Solar Powered Low Cost, Efficient and Eco-Friendly Electric Vehicle" Vol 2-Issue 4 (362-385) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P40
41
Characterization Of Monolithic Column Methacrylate Polymer Based Modified By Dietylamine And Dimetylamine
Author(s): Robi Prasmi Kardi, Sri Benti Etika, Hary Sanjaya, Budhi Oktavia
Page(s): 386-391
Abstract

The monolithic methacrylate polymer-based column has higher polarity and better stability in work in a wide range of acidity (pH) degrees so that it can be used as an alternative stationary phase in ion chromatography. Therefore, in this study monolithic columns made in fused silica capillary column by in situ polymerization reaction using glicydil methacrylate as monomers; ethylene dimethacrylate as a crosslinker; 1-propanol, 1,4-butanadiol and water as porogen; diethylamine (DEA) and dimethylamine (DMA) as modifiers. The monolithic column that has been polymerized, the morphological form will be characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), the functional group is characterized by the Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy (FTIR). Monolithic columns have good mechanical stability with permeability 9.88 x 10 -7 mL/m for modification of diethylamine and for modification of dimethylamine 10.5 x10 -7 mL/m..

Keyword: Monolithic column, polymer based methacrylates, ion chromatography.

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IJSRED

Robi Prasmi Kardi, Sri Benti Etika, Hary Sanjaya, Budhi Oktavia "Characterization Of Monolithic Column Methacrylate Polymer Based Modified by Dietylamine and Dimetylamine" Vol 2-Issue 4 (386-391) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P41
42
Effect of the Safety of Chitosan Additive to Biodegradable Plastic Quality Based on Cellulose of Bacterial Glycerol from Coconut Water (Cocos Nucifera)
Author(s): Riska Andriani, Ananda Putra
Page(s): 392-396
Abstract

Plastics are the most widely used polymer in life and cause global plastic pollution in the marine environment. Therefore research was conducted with the aim of making biodegradable plastics by utilizing bacterial cellulose produced by Acetobacter xylinum coconut water media with the addition of plasticizers namely 3.5% glycerol in the fermentation medium and soaking using additives namely chitosan with a concentration of 2%, 4%, 6%, and 10% on bacterial cellulose glycerol that has been formed. Bacterial cellulose fermentation was carried out to form a thickness of 0.5-1 cm and soaking bacterial cellulose glycerol in chitosan for 3 days. Plastic cellulose glycerol bacterial chitosan produced was characterized using water content test, tensile strength test, and crystallinity test (X-Ray). The test results of water content on chitosan bacterial cellulose glycerol plastic, the higher the concentration of chitosan, the smaller the percentage value of water content. The mechanical test results showed an increase in the value of tensile strength with the higher concentration of chitosan used. Analysis of the degree of crystallinity shows that immersion using chitosan can reduce crystalline percentage.

Keyword: Biodegradable Plastic, Coconut Water, Bacterial Cellulose Glycerol, Cellulose Glycerol, Bacterial Chitosan, Chitosan.

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IJSRED

Riska Andriani, Ananda Putra "Effect of the Safety of Chitosan Additive to Biodegradable Plastic Quality Based on Cellulose of Bacterial Glycerol from Coconut Water (Cocos Nucifera" Vol 2-Issue 4 (392-396) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P42
43
A Study On Prevalence Of Calf Coccidiosis in Debre Birhan Veterinary Clinic, Centeral Ethiopi
Author(s): Ermias Gebeyehu
Page(s): 397-429
Abstract

Cross-sectional study was conducted in Debre Birhan veterinary clinic from November 2016 to March 2016 with the objective of determining the prevalence and associated risk factors of infection in calves. Faecal samples were collected from a total of 384 calves less than 24 month of age and examined for the oocysts of coccidian. Detailed information of the origin, age, sex, breed, management system, hygienic status and faecal consistency were obtained. Centrifugal faecal floatation technique using salt solution was used to detect coccidian oocyst. From the total calves included 118 calves were demonstrated for the presence of coccidian infection. Coccidian oocyst was detected in calves from 1 to 2 year of age but greater prevalence was observed in age categories less than 6 month of age. Statistically significant association (p<0.05) between prevalence of coccidiosis and origin, age, faecal consistency, hygienic status and management system was observed in the study. However, there was no statistically significant association (p>0.05) with sex and breed. Based on this study coccidianinfection has a great significance for the livestock producer so it needs a serious control and preventive programs.

Keyword: Debre Birhan, Centrifugal fecal floatation, Coccidiosis, Oocyst, Prevalence.

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IJSRED

Ermias Gebeyehu "A Study on Prevalence Of Calf Coccidiosis in Debre Birhan Veterinary Clinic, Centeral Ethiopia" Vol 2-Issue 4 (397-429) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P43
44
Formulation, Evaluation and Optimization of Fast Disintegrating Nifedipine 20 mg tablet by using Super Disintegrants
Author(s): Jameel Abbas, Patel Huzaifa, Z.E. Inamdar, Mohd Farooque, Makrani Shahrukh, Dr. Sadequa Parveen, Dr. Shaikh Muzaffar Ahmed
Page(s): 430-438
Abstract

Tablet among the all dosage form is the common one and in the Pharmacy it is the mother of Pharmacy. Generally tablet are accepted in all category of patient. In children Dispersible form and in female for virginal infection virginal form are the preferred. The most common preferred route is oral rout of administration. In ancient Ayurveda, Unani, Greek, Egyptian remedies drug in the form of Churna, Bhasma, Gutika, Araka, are administered though oral rout. Pills which are coated by natural resinous material are administered in the form of tablet through oral rout.Today oro-dispersible tablet from novel drug delivery system gain importance from patient. Which is administer to the patient to control the various immediate action viz. attack of angina or hypertension in cardiac problems. Orodispersible tablet gets dispersed in oral cavity in absence of water and release fast drug which result fast pharmacological action. In the market drug from Analgesic, Antipyretic, Antihypertensive and many more are available in the form of the orodispersible tablet. Various manufacture are formulated this formulation by various method. The most importance thing in this formulation are masking of taste of drugs. Generally oro-dispersible tablet are prepared by direct compression method. Dry granulation, wet granulation, Spry drying is the various methods for preparation of oro-dispersible tablet. Oro-dispersible tablet generally contains filler, glidant, anti-adherent super disintegrate, Flavoring agent sweetener and resins. Evaluation parameter includes hardness, friability, wetting time, moisture uptake, disintegration test, and dissolution test. Wetting time, Disintegration time, and Dissolution test is directly proportional to the hydrophobic ingredient added for lubrication, anti-adherent, Glidant action. These hydrophobic ingredient are Magnesium Stearate. To oppose the action of magnesium stearate, hydrophilic additives are incorporated viz Sodium lauryl sulphate.From Marketing point of view special Marketing Executive team required to promote the new technique , new formulation with demonstration to the Cardiac Surgeon, Pediatrics, Orthopedics, Gynecologists, Ophthalmologists, Urologist. After demonstration that how to use the Orodispersible tablet these marketing team personally serve to the new admitted patients.

Keyword: Oro-dispersible tablet, wetting time, Dissolution test.

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IJSRED

Jameel Abbas, Patel Huzaifa, Z.E. Inamdar, Mohd Farooque, Makrani Shahrukh, Dr. Sadequa Parveen, Dr. Shaikh Muzaffar Ahmed "Formulation, Evaluation and Optimization of Fast Disintegrating Nifedipine 20 mg tablet by using Super Disintegrants" Vol 2-Issue 4 (430-438) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P44
45
The Role of Climate Change in Conflict in Africa
Author(s): Carolyne Kathure Njiru, Mutheu Immaculate, Adhiambo Audrey
Page(s): 439-450
Abstract

How has climate change affected the dynamics of conflicts in Africa? Existing exploration demonstrates that climate change can build the danger of conflicts or essentially adjust the elements of existing conflicts. This article addresses the issue in regard to the primary efficient audit of both quantitative and qualitative methods. We assess the degree the literature gives coherent clarifications that distinguish important systems, actors, and results. The article discusses contribution of climate change to violence in African citing different examples and specific situations where climatic factors impacts lead to conflict. The effect of environmental change is progressively explained as one of the most genuine security threats in future and a far more prominent risk to the world's stability than terrorism. For a few, current clashes for instance in Darfur may be partly because of climatical change. It is contended that environmental change incorporates the danger of reshaping the landscape, worsening sustenance, water and vitality shortages and adding to destabilization, unregulated populace developments and tension. Regardless of whether natural changes actuate expanded challenge between users of scarce resources. Drawing on recent instances on conflicts between pastoralist communities in eastern Africa, the move from expanded challenge over resources to open conflict relies on existing adapting limits of social orders and the strategies, establishments and procedures that characterize access to resources.

Keyword: Conflict, Climate Change .

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IJSRED

Carolyne Kathure Njiru, Mutheu Immaculate, Adhiambo Audrey "The Role of Climate Change in Conflict in Africa" Vol 2-Issue 4 (439-450) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P45
46
Intangible Heritage of Bamboo and Cane Crafts is in Stake: A Study of Selective Blocks of Malda
Author(s): Tanusree Roy
Page(s): 451-455
Abstract

India is famous for its cultural legacy. The Indian state of West Bengal also has a rich traditional and artistic heritage.Malda has also its intangible cultural legacy with artistic styles and techniques. The blocks mainly Gajole, Bamongola and Habibpur of Malda district represent the backward classes. Basically the tribal backward classes specially the Mahali community earn their livelihood by making handicrafts from canes and bambooes. Lack of interest for upgradation of their situations, unawareness, lack of co-operation are certain drawbacks. Therefore, Government’s co-operation making traditional hubs, spreading of knowledge for upliftment of the skill are some of the major strokes to protect over the primitively cultural legacy.

Keyword: Heritage, Handicraft, Deep-rooted elements, Village festivals, Craft hubs.

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IJSRED

Tanusree Roy "Intangible Heritage of Bamboo and Cane Crafts is in Stake: A Study of Selective Blocks of Malda" Vol 2-Issue 4 (451-455) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P46
47
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis
Author(s): Filadelfia Passos Rodrigues, Fabio Rocha Fernandes Tavora, Victor Camarao Porto, Victor S.M.de A.Meireles, Camila Sousa M. de A. Meireles
Page(s): 456-460
Abstract

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare, systemic disease of unknown etiology, which is devastating to women of reproductive age, with a variable course of non-specific symptoms common to many respiratory diseases, and with a poor prognosis. Because it is a rare disease, little is known about its pathogenesis and treatment. It is important to record confirmed cases to have more information on its clinical course.

Keyword: - - -.

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IJSRED

Filadelfia Passos Rodrigues, Fabio Rocha Fernandes Tavora, Victor Camarao Porto, Victor S.M.de A.Meireles, Camila Sousa M. de A. Meireles "Lymphangioleiomyomatosis" Vol 2-Issue 4 (456-460) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P47
48
Analysis of Edge Detection by Using Phase Stretch Transform (PST) and Canny Algorithms
Author(s): Thida Soe, Soe Soe Mon, Khin Aye Thu
Page(s): 461-466
Abstract

One of the important objectives of image processing is to interpret the content of image efficiently and finds the meaningful and significant information from it. Edge detection is one of the most frequently used operations in image analysis. If the edges of images could be recognized accurately, all of the objects can be located efficiently and performance can be measured easily. It reduces the complexity of image processing algorithms by reducing the amount of data to be processed .The quality of image is affected when there is a jump in intensity from one pixel to another. Thus important objective is to detect an edge while preserving the important structural properties of an image. There are several types of algorithm to detect the edges. In this paper, the analysis is done on Canny and Phase Stretch Transform (PST) Algorithms. (PST) Algorithm transforms the image by emulating the propagation of light through a physical medium with specific warped diffractive property. We show that the output phase of the transform reveals transitions in image intensity and can be used for edge detection.To evaluate the effectiveness of the methods illustrated, we have used the PSNR and MSE.

Keyword: Edge detection, Canny, Phase Stretch Transform (PST), MSE, PSNR.

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IJSRED

Thida Soe, Soe Soe Mon, Khin Aye Thu "Analysis of Edge Detection by Using Phase Stretch Transform (PST) and Canny Algorithms" Vol 2-Issue 4 (461-466) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P48
49
China-Kenya Economic Engagement: A Win-Win
Author(s): Abdullahi Hussein Ali, Maximiliano Filardi,Elham Abdulaziz
Page(s): 467-480
Abstract

With the recent trends of bilateral relations of China with African countries there is a wave of plenty of questions as to whether these relations are of equal benefit. The Chinese presence in Kenya has offered a unique stability in Kenya’s economic and political stability. Nonetheless, the introductions of Chinese firms and products have “raised the bar” for the local industries which struggle to compete in terms of prices and efficiency. The objective of this study is to assess whether the relations between Kenya and China are a win-win situation or not. The study concludes that the China-Kenya relations are beneficial for both; however they yield more profits to China, and more question marks to Kenya. The paper observes that this means that there is room for more development, and hence the study suggests on how Kenya should maximize on these opportunities in order to achieve growth..

Keyword: - - -.

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IJSRED

Abdullahi Hussein Ali, Maximiliano Filardi,Elham Abdulaziz "China-Kenya Economic Engagement: A Win-Win" Vol 2-Issue 4 (467-480) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P49
50
Impact of Human Character and Information System on Corruption Risk in Nigeria
Author(s): Sunday C. Agu, Ifeyinwa Ajah, Walter E. Ibe
Page(s): 467-480
Abstract

Different strategies have been deployed to fight corruption such as e-governance, big-data and open-data, block chain technology, anti-corruption policy on conflict of interest rules, asset declaration, and so on. A pertinent question is, can these strategies count much when there are doubts in human inherent character? Addressing human character first would mean that the preceding research findings on anti corruption practices would be driven by cultured and good character oriented administrative personnel which in turn would address corruption risk and poverty. Hence, the research investigated the impacts of human character as a primary factor on corruption free governance and the use of information system for determining, based on human character, whether a candidate for any administrative position is a corruption risk before being elected or appointed. Questionnaires were used for collecting data. After the analysis of the data using SPSS, the paper revealed that using human character as the first check to mitigate corruption risk via information system positively impacted on corruption free governance..

Keyword: Human character, Information system, Corruption, Election, Appointment, Poverty.

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IJSRED

Sunday C. Agu, Ifeyinwa Ajah, Walter E. Ibe "Impact of Human Character and Information System on Corruption Risk in Nigeria" Vol 2-Issue 4 (481-485) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P50
51
The Arab-Israel Conflict: An Uncertain Future
Author(s): Dr. Afshan
Page(s): 486-499
Abstract

This paper examines a major turning points have characterized the Middle East since the end of the Second World War is Arab-Israeli conflict. In 1948, Zionist Jews living in the British mandate of Palestine declared the independent State of Israel. This ushered in strong sentiments of military-centered nationalism and engulfed the entire region in war. Following the four Arab-Israel War, it became clear that the military nationalists had failed to provide answers to the most pressing issues of the region. However, the establishment of the State of Israel created more than one million Palestinian refugees. Their conditions of life are now precarious. In terms of the human cost, it is estimated that the conflict has taken millions of lives. The settlement of millions of Arabs in Israel would immediately eliminate Israel as a Jewish state. This is the real aim of the Arab countries, to achieve by supposedly "peaceful" means what they could not achieve by unceasing violence in whole scale wars and daily terrorism.

Keyword: Jewish State, Palestine, immigration, Zionists.

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IJSRED

Dr. Afshan "The Arab-Israel Conflict: An Uncertain Future" Vol 2-Issue 4 (486-499) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P51
52
Effect of Light Intensity and Lighting Duration on Arab Chicken (Gallus turciccus) Feed Consumption
Author(s): Aditya Wirawantoro Putra, Pratiwi Trisunuwati, Muharlien
Page(s): 500-503
Abstract

This study aims to determine the consumption of Arabic chicken feed using differences in light intensity and lighting duration. The material of this study was 36 layer phase Arab chickens with an average body weight of 924.28 ± 90.45 g. The research method used was an experiment, with a 2x2 factorial complete randomized design. Chickens are kept for 9 weeks in the battery enclosure cage. Data were analyzed using variance test (ANOVA) with the help of Microsoft Excel 2013 Program. If data were significant that will be followed by Duncan's test. The results showed that the treatment of light intensity and lighting duration give a very significantly different effect on Arab chicken feed consumption. In general, the most efficient feed consumption is group I1L1. The conclusion of this study is that the intensity of light and different lighting times have an impact on the differences in Arab chicken feed consumption.

Keyword: arab chicken, light intensity, lighting duration.

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IJSRED

Aditya Wirawantoro Putra, Pratiwi Trisunuwati, Muharlien "Effect of Light Intensity and Lighting Duration on Arab Chicken (Gallus turciccus) Feed Consumption" Vol 2-Issue 4 (500-503) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P52
53
Comparative Study of Post-Tension System in Flat Plate and Flat Slab
Author(s): Vishal v Patil, Prof. MD. Ismail
Page(s): 504-508
Abstract

The use of post-tensioned concepts floors in buildings has been consistently growing in recent years. The greatest use of his type of construction has been in the USA, and in California it is the primary choice for concrete floors. Post-tensioned floors have already have been in use countries like Australia, Hong Kong, Singapore and Europe. Their use in the UK is now growing rapidly.As there is increase in urban population which has led to an increase in demand for liveable space, resulting in increasing cost. Due to increase in demand for efficient floor systems.As this thesis work is on comparative study of two different post tensioned slabs, one flat slab with drop and other without drop which is flat plate slab. Initially analysis is carried out in manual designing of slab using British code and then later modelling has been carried out in FEM software. In model all the properties of material and sections are defined first and then with the help of grid the frame with slab model is prepared.

Keyword: Post-tension, Deflection, punching shear etc.

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IJSRED

Vishal v Patil, Prof. MD. Ismail "Comparative Study of Post-Tension System in Flat Plate and Flat Slab" Vol 2-Issue 4 (504-508) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P53
54
IOT based Smart Home Security System using RFID and Bluetooth
Author(s): Khaing Myat Nwe, Kaythi Wut Mhone Khin, Zin May Win, Zarni Sann
Page(s): 508-514
Abstract

This IOT based smart security and smart home automation systems are trying to achieve comfort combined with simplicity. Bluetooth based Home security and Home automation are the twofold features of this system. The currently built prototype of the system sends alerts to the owner over message using the smart phone. This IoT project focuses on building a smart home security system which sends alerts to the owner and raises an alarm optionally. So, people want to use for security to become safety environment. There has been a focus on the deployment of home security alarm system. But if there is Automatic Home Security System, people can feel safety of their home and also be feeling smart and comfortable of their home. So Home Security System is necessary for every home. In this system, door lock that can be controlled by RFID card and automatic light system can be used. The alarm will sound if there is movement inside the house at night. This system can communicated with Short Message Service (SMS) on Android phone to control home appliances..

Keyword: Smart home, home appliances, Arduino, Bluetooth, Android, RFID.

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IJSRED

Khaing Myat Nwe, Kaythi Wut Mhone Khin, Zin May Win, Zarni Sann "IOT based Smart Home Security System using RFID and Bluetooth" Vol 2-Issue 4 (508-514) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P54
55
Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) Inference Based Electronic Goods Production
Author(s): Zarni Sann, Thi Thi Soe, Kaythi Wut Hmone Khin, Lin Lin Pyway
Page(s): 515-519
Abstract

The system can provide the user to forecast the electronic goods production for future in business application within acceptable time. By using this system, user can obtain the desired solution for producing such as profit, products and general expenses for future. Electronic goods producing are the act of determining the future value of business sectors on time series historical data. The ability to accurately forecast long-term future sales of specific items is highly desirable capability for many business areas. New product sales forecasting must deal with major problems caused by lack of data and the uncertainty of how breakthrough technologies and products will be accepted by consumers. It is then matched with previous stored cases and retrieved the most similar cases. The nearest-neighbor concept is employed to match cases and the similarity percentages are shown as a result.

Keyword: CBR Inference and CBR cycle, Similarity measure, the local-global principle.

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IJSRED

Zarni Sann, Thi Thi Soe, Kaythi Wut Hmone Khin, Lin Lin Pyway "Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) Inference Based Electronic Goods Production" Vol 2-Issue 4 (515-519) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P55
56
Performance Assessment of Distributive Secondary Control of Microgrid
Author(s): Meenu Tiwari, Manish Awasthi
Page(s): 520-529
Abstract

Paper proposes a multi agent based distributed cooperative secondary level control of micro grid. Considering DGs in a micro grid as agents which requires only own information and the information of some neighbors. Input–output feedback linearization is used to control tracker synchronization problem and complex communication network used which improve the system reliability. The Secondary control is 0responsible to maintain the voltage and frequency of the micro grid within the acceptable ranges. To achieve a dynamic variation for the output active power ratios among the distributed energy resources, the distributive cooperative secondary control has to adjust the references of frequency for the rated active power and the references of voltage for rated reactive power. The proposed secondary control may lead to unacceptable voltage and frequency in the microgrid and has to adjust the references of the voltage and frequency consequently. A distributed networked Secondary control proposed approach is used in order to avoiding implementation of microgrid central controller and not only able to restore frequency and voltage of the MG but also ensures active and reactive power sharing so that the failure of a single unit will not produce the fail down of the whole system. Distributive cooperative secondary control ensures the stabilization and the synchronization of the inverters frequencies and regulates the frequencies to a rated value. The developed novel solution takes into account the converters parameters as apparent power limit and maximum active power which balance the system and improves reliability. The control parameters and its effectiveness for a desired response speed verified by the simulation of a microgrid test system.

Keyword: Distributed generation, Distributed cooperative control, multi-agent systems, synchronization..

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IJSRED

Meenu Tiwari, Manish Awasthi "Performance Assessment of Distributive Secondary Control of Microgrid" Vol 2-Issue 4 (520-529) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P56
57
Evaluation of Knowledge of Educators on Dental Avulsion in Two Education Establishments in Manaus
Author(s): Anunciata Matos Carvalh, IvonildaNogueira da Silva, Érica da Silva Carvalho; Ângela Xavier Monteiro; Eduardo Jorge SantAnaHonorato; Daniel Cerdeira de Souza; Sônia Maria Lemos; Tirza Almeida da Silva; Clarissa Santana Cruz; LuzianeVitoriano da Costa; Kenne Samara Andrade Martins; RômuloChaves Pereira de Oliveira
Page(s): 530-540
Abstract

The subject assessment of knowledge of educators Children's House Nursery and Municipal School of Basic Education painter Leonardo da Vinci - Manaus-AM on dental avulsion aims to verify if teachers have adequate knowledge about dentoalveolar trauma, as well as the most appropriate conduct before one tooth avulsion frame. The dental trauma is one of the most important oral health problems in childhood, may cause distress and pain as well as physical, psychological distress and other implications such as a tendency to avoid smile, that may affect social relationships. The emergency care for traumatized teeth is recognized as critical to the success of the final treatment. Therefore, before an avulsed tooth in the school environment, the participation of teachers in emergencies can help in providing good care to the injured child, because the quality of the emergency procedures will directly affect the long-term prognosis of avulsed tooth..

Keyword: Knowledge of educators, Tooth avulsion,Dentoalveolar trauma.

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IJSRED

Anunciata Matos Carvalh, IvonildaNogueira da Silva, Érica da Silva Carvalho; Ângela Xavier Monteiro; Eduardo Jorge SantAnaHonorato; Daniel Cerdeira de Souza; Sônia Maria Lemos; Tirza Almeida da Silva; Clarissa Santana Cruz; LuzianeVitoriano da Costa; Kenne Samara Andrade Martins; RômuloChaves Pereira de Oliveira "Evaluation of Knowledge of Educators on Dental Avulsion in Two Education Establishments in Manaus" Vol 2-Issue 4 (530-540) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P57
58
Ionic Liquids: A Promising Media for the Polymeric Reaction
Author(s): Kanjur Wangdi
Page(s): 541-552
Abstract

Ionic liquids are salts that exist in a liquid state at room temperature. Due to its unique properties of providing a wide selection of anionic and cationic counterparts, it gained diverse attention in various fields of applications. In polymeric reaction, usually volatile solvents are used which not only reduces the efficiency of the overall reaction mechanism but also causes environmental pollution besides analysts compromising their health. In this review, various mechanisms of polymeric reactions are explained implementing ionic liquids in their respective routes. The brief explanation of production of poly ionic liquids are also covered.

Keyword: Ionic liquid, Polymeric Reaction, Poly Ionic Liquid..

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IJSRED

Kanjur Wangdi "Ionic Liquids: A Promising Media for the Polymeric Reaction" Vol 2-Issue 4 (541-552) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P58
59
Spatial Analysis on Rural Economy in Taungtha Township, Mandalay Region, Myanmar
Author(s): Thida Hlaing
Page(s): 553-561
Abstract

The main aim of this paper is to analyze rural economy of Taungtha Township.Primary activities play an important role in rural economy of developing countries like Myanmar. Among them, agriculture is the primary source of livelihood not only for the country but also for the study area, i.e, Taungtha Township. The boundary lines along the north-western of the township are demarcated by hydrology features of Ayeyarwady River. It has 78 village tracts and Taungtha Town. It was aimed to assess the role of primary sector in rural economy of Taungtha Township. The primary sector includes the production of raw material and basic foods. Activities associated with the primary sector include agriculture (subsistence and commercial), forestry, and farming, grazing, fishing and quarrying. Primary economic activities are still influencing upon the rural economy. Then, after analyzing the working people force is 15 percent of rural population in the primary sector. However, only about 45 percent of the agriculture workers can support sufficient food for the rest of about 55 percent of population.

Keyword: Primary activities, labor forces, rural economy and working force.

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IJSRED

Thida Hlaing "Spatial Analysis on Rural Economy in Taungtha Township, Mandalay Region, Myanmar" Vol 2-Issue 4 (553-561) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P59
60
Mixing and Proportioning of High Strength Concrete
Author(s): Khine Zar Mon, Swe Swe Khaing
Page(s): 562-564
Abstract

The main aim of this paper is to analyze rural economy of Taungtha Township.Primary activities play an important role in rural economy of developing countries like Myanmar. Among them, agriculture is the primary source of livelihood not only for the country but also for the study area, i.e, Taungtha Township. The boundary lines along the north-western of the township are demarcated by hydrology features of Ayeyarwady River. It has 78 village tracts and Taungtha Town. It was aimed to assess the role of primary sector in rural economy of Taungtha Township. The primary sector includes the production of raw material and basic foods. Activities associated with the primary sector include agriculture (subsistence and commercial), forestry, and farming, grazing, fishing and quarrying. Primary economic activities are still influencing upon the rural economy. Then, after analyzing the working people force is 15 percent of rural population in the primary sector. However, only about 45 percent of the agriculture workers can support sufficient food for the rest of about 55 percent of population.

Keyword: Primary activities, labor forces, rural economy and working force.

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IJSRED

Khine Zar Mon, Swe Swe Khaing "Mixing and Proportioning of High Strength Concrete" Vol 2-Issue 4 (562-564) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P60
61
Flexural Analysis of Thick Beams Using Trigonometric Shear Deformation Theory
Author(s): A. T. Kunte, Dr. G. R. Gandhe, D. H. Tupe
Page(s): 565-572
Abstract

In this present study, A trigonometric shear deformation theory is developed for static flexural analysis of thick beams, in which number of variables is same as that in the first-order shear deformation theory.The sinusoidal function is used in displacement field in terms of thickness coordinate to represent the shear deformation effect. The Governing differential equation and boundary condition of the theory are obtained by using principle of virtual work. The fixed beam subjected to sine load is examined using present theory. The numerical results obtained are compared with those of Elementary, Timoshenko, and Higher-order shear deformation theory and with the available solution in the literature.

Keyword: Trigonometric shear deformation theory, Transverse shear stress, Thick beam, Principle of virtual work, Equilibrium equation, axial shear stress..

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IJSRED

A. T. Kunte, Dr. G. R. Gandhe, D. H. Tupe "Flexural Analysis of Thick Beams Using Trigonometric Shear Deformation Theory" Vol 2-Issue 4 (565-572) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P61
62
Comparative Analysis of Statistical-GA Writer Identification
Author(s): Bhumika Baboria, Prabjot Kaur, Bhanu Gupta
Page(s): 574-581
Abstract

The paper presents a new method of handwriting recognition using a unique and robust combination of Hybrid statistical edge-hinge features and genetic algorithms. On programming and testing the modules a high efficiency has been noted. The handwriting recognition is indeed a tough task which can be easily done with the help of the technique described here. A high efficiency reflects the accuracy of segmentation as well as the recognition using the statistical edge hinge features that has been optimized by genetic algorithms. The concept here has abridged handwriting recognition partially with artificial intelligence after the application of both statistical and genetic algorithms. For all correct matches the Euclidean Distance which was used as the matching comparator was calculated to be 0. The % accuracy and % error values for IAM Writer (Words) Dataset was evaluated to be 92 % and 8% where as for IAM Writer (Lines) Dataset it was evaluated to be 97.5% and 2.5 % respectively which is considerably higher in accuracy and lower in error than the latter one. The overall combined results for the both databases comprise of 220 images out of which 209 were accurate matches and 11 were inaccurate matches thus leading to overall %accuracy of 88.5% for the application and %error of 11.5%.

Keyword: Edge-Hinge features, Genetic Algorithms, Writer, MATLAB, , IAM Writer DB.

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IJSRED

Bhumika Baboria, Prabjot Kaur, Bhanu Gupta "Comparative Analysis of Statistical-GA Writer Identification" Vol 2-Issue 4 (574-581) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P62
63
A Critiqueon Digital Transformation Of Music Production Using Virtual Sound Technology (VST)
Author(s): Dr.S. Ganeshkumar, Dr.R. Sureshkumar, Mr.Y. Sureshbabu, Mr.S. Gokul
Page(s): 582-586
Abstract

Music plays a vital role in handling the emotions of humans, even for animals. More over it plays a key role in highlighting the visual communications. This article reviews the conventional and modern technique used in music production.In conventional techniques, the percussion instruments, plucked instruments, blowing instruments,etc., are mixed to render the music. The evolution of computer and sound synthesizers changed the music production techniques drastically in every portion of orchestration such as horn section, rhythm section even in vocal section.The sound and signal processing techniques furnish the way to produce music easy compared to the conventional techniques. The music production and rendering programs such as CUBASE, ProTools, Fl Studio, Neoundo, Sound forge utilizes the sound processing algorithm to mix and even to synthesis the sounds.These programs are highly competitive to the live instruments and it pays the way for virtual sound technology.

Keyword: Virtual sound Technology, MIDI,Synthesizer, workstation.

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IJSRED

Dr.S. Ganeshkumar, Dr.R. Sureshkumar, Mr.Y. Sureshbabu, Mr.S. Gokul "A Critiqueon Digital Transformation Of Music Production Using Virtual Sound Technology (VST)" Vol 2-Issue 4 (582-586) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P63
64
A Comparative Study of Strength of Square Slabs with Circular and Square Openings
Author(s): Mohammed Ahmed, Chandrashekar.V.C
Page(s): 587-596
Abstract

In general a slab with circular opening is analyzed and designed by assuming it to be a slab of square opening of the same size. Also slabs with circular openings are scarce in the research. Therefore an attempt has been made to study and compare the strength of the square slabs with circular and square openings placed at the centre with simply supported and fixed edge conditions at ultimate limit state using yield line method and the results are presented. Square slabs with circular and square openings ranging from 0.025 to 0.9 times the size of the slab are studied. All the results in this study are plotted in nomographs form and can be used as guidelines for the analysis and design of slabs with circular openings and particularly in determining the ultimate load carrying capacity of the slabs.

Keyword: Ultimate load, Square slabs, Circular openings, Capacity, Yield line analysis, Isotropic slab.

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IJSRED

Mohammed Ahmed, Chandrashekar.V.C "A Comparative Study of Strength of Square Slabs with Circular and Square Openings" Vol 2-Issue 4 (587-596) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P64
65
Degradation of Methyl Red Using a Mixture of Iron Oxide In Silica Mesoporous
Author(s): M. Hanif Irfan1, Bahrizal, Hary Sanjaya, Syamsi Aini
Page(s): 597-600
Abstract

Wasting color form textile industrial which is discharged to environment causing enviromental problems, it is because has a toxic and carcinogenic properties. Methyl red as an azo dye was being used as a textile dye. To ressolve this problem, the degradation of the dye was carried out with Fe3O4-Fe2O2@SiO2 which was synthesized from natural material and H2O2 as oxidizers based on the Fenton method by forming of •OH to reduce methyl red. Degradation of methyl red by the Fenton method was carried out using Fe3O4-Fe2O2@SiO2. Parameters of this study are the optimal conditions for degradation, time and the amount of catalyst effect. Optimal degradation conditions of methyl red at pH 3 using Fe3O4-Fe2O2@SiO2 at 180 minutes and the amount of catalyst 100 mg. In this optimal condition the percentage of degradation is > 98%.

Keyword: Fe3O4/Fe2O2@SiO2, Degradation, Methyl Red.

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IJSRED

M. Hanif Irfan1, Bahrizal, Hary Sanjaya, Syamsi Aini "Degradation of Methyl Red Using a Mixture of Iron Oxide In Silica Mesoporous" Vol 2-Issue 4 (597-600) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P65
66
Identification and Extraction of Silica from Tuff Stones as Precursor of Synthesis Sodium Silicate
Author(s): Ridha Santika, Syamsi Aini, M.Iqbal Alzain
Page(s): 601-605
Abstract

Tuff stone is a pyroclastic rock with a high silica content that allows it to be used as a raw material in the synthesis of sodium silicate. This research is the identification and extraction of silica found in tuff stones. Silica on tuff stones will be used as raw material in the synthesis of sodium silicate. The tuff stone contains 76,529% silica and several other impurity metal oxides such as Al2O3, MgO, CaCO3, Fe2O3, K2O, TiO2 and P2O5. The silica on the tuff stone is washed and dried to clean it from the soil with water, then mashed with rock grinding machines and impurities of metal oxides found in tuff stones removed with HNO3 4M at 110oC and 600 rpm with magnetic stirrer. Silica extracted from tuff stones was characterized using XRF and XRD. The results of characterization using XRF showed that silica produced 93,139% purity, and the results of analysis with XRD silica found in tuff stones were crystalline and were pure silica.

Keyword: Tuff stones, precursors, sodium silicate.

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IJSRED

Ridha Santika, Syamsi Aini, M.Iqbal Alzain "Identification and Extraction of Silica from Tuff Stones as Precursor of Synthesis Sodium Silicate" Vol 2-Issue 4 (601-605) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P66
67
Literature Reviews Relating to Service Quality of Health Care Systems
Author(s): Nisha Joseph
Page(s): 606-612
Abstract

All sectors in India are undergoing a change from unorganised to an organised structure and so is also seen in healthcare.Notwithstanding the sector’s rapid growth and potential, in many respects, India’s healthcare falls well below international benchmarks for physical infrastructure and manpower and even falls below the standards existing in comparable developing countries. Thus, India’s healthcare sector needs to scale up considerably in terms of the availability and quality of its physical infrastructure as well as human resources so as to meet the growing demand and to compare favourably with international standards. Also, despite the giant steps taken by the Indian healthcare industry, there is a need for improvement in customer service.A comprehensive review of literature has been carried in the present work that discusses the quality of healthcare related to Indian studies and assesses the definition of service quality and development of SERVQUAL.

Keyword: Health, Health care system, Service Quality,SERVQUAL.

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IJSRED

Nisha Joseph "Literature Reviews Relating to Service Quality of Health Care Systems" Vol 2-Issue 4 (606-612) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P67
68
Dental Caries and Nutritional Status in Preschool Children of a City in the Interior of the State of Amazonas, Brazil
Author(s): Irlan Thaís de Souza Cunha, Daiana Bahia de Sales Santana, Sara Silva de Oliveira, Erica Silva Carvalho, Angela Xavier Monteiro, Eduardo Jorge Sant’Ana Honorato, Clarissa Santana Cruz, Tirza Almeida da Silva, Kenne Samara Andrade Martins, Rômulo Chaves Pereira de Oliveira
Page(s): 613-619
Abstract

This study evaluated the relationship between dental caries and nutritional status of preschool children enrolled in public day care centers in Manacapuru, Amazonas State. A cross-sectional study was conducted, with the study population composed of preschoolers between 2 and 5 years old enrolled in public schools (n = 263); The ceod index (carious, indicated extraction, obturation, per tooth) was used to assess dental caries and the Body Mass Index was used to assess nutritional status (WHO). Statistical analysis was conducted descriptively using frequencies, proportions and means and Pearson and Kruskall Wallis Correlation tests (p <0.05) were used. A ceod of 1.89 (± 2.71) and a Significant Caries Index of 5.13 (± 2.41) were found indicating polarization of dental caries. It was observed that children with low body mass index and obesity showed a mean of 3.25 and 3.6, almost twice as high as those with overweight or normal nutritional status, but no statistically significant relationship was found. between the ceod is the nutritional state. This study did not identify a relationship between nutritional status and dental caries. Studies should be conducted to elucidate such a relationship.

Keyword: Dental caries, nutritional status, oral health.

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IJSRED

Irlan Thaís de Souza Cunha, Daiana Bahia de Sales Santana, Sara Silva de Oliveira, Erica Silva Carvalho, Angela Xavier Monteiro, Eduardo Jorge Sant’Ana Honorato, Clarissa Santana Cruz, Tirza Almeida da Silva, Kenne Samara Andrade Martins, Rômulo Chaves Pereira de Oliveira "Dental Caries and Nutritional Status in Preschool Children of a City in the Interior of the State of Amazonas, Brazil" Vol 2-Issue 4 (613-619) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P68
69
The Efficacy of Biol and Biosol on the Growth of Marigold (Tagetes Erecta) in Rice Hull and River Sand Soiless Based Medium
Author(s): Anakwue C. V., Patrick N.O, Ekwerekwu I.J
Page(s): 620-625
Abstract

Biosol (organic manure) was mixed with ricehull/riversand medium of varying levels viz 0:8, 1:8, 1:4, 3:8, 1:2 (v/v of biosol/manure) to produce five media. The five media were combined with biol (liquid manure)at three levels viz no watering, watering every four days and watering every two days to grow pot marigold to flowering stage. The plants were grown one plant per pot in 1:4 L pot and replicated five times. A soft pinch was given to the plants before transplanting and allowed to stabilize for a week before watering with biol. After five weeks of transplanting, the following measurement were taken: plant height, dry weight of the stem, number of flower buds, root dry weight, flower number per pot, flower dry weight, number of branches and stem girth. The result showed that plants with the highest level of biosol produced the highest number of branches, highest plant height, highest stem girth, while plants without biosol produced the least plant height, least stem girth. Plants watered with the highest quantity of biol was detrimental to flower production and watering with biol every four days and biosol at highest level produced the best quality plants.

Keyword: Biol, Biosol, Marigold, Rice hull, River sand, Soilless.

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IJSRED

Anakwue C. V., Patrick N.O, Ekwerekwu I.J "Dental Caries and Nutritional Status in Preschool Children of a City in the Interior of the State of Amazonas, Brazil" Vol 2-Issue 4 (620-625) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P69
70
Impregnation of Synthesized Fe3O4- Fe2O3Nanoparticles Mixture from Iron Sand into Mesoporous Silica
Author(s): Agung Cahyadi,Syamsi Aini, Bahrizal, Hary Sanjaya
Page(s): 626-628
Abstract

Impregnation of three types of synthesized Fe2O3-Fe3O4 nanoparticles mixture with different FeCl3 concentrations (0,072 M, 0,036 M, 0,03 M) had been succesfully done into mesoporous silica. Mixture of nanoparticles Fe3O4-Fe2O3 in mesoporous silica that produced (NP1@SiO2, NP2@SiO2, NP3@SIO2) was characterized by morphology, magnetic properties and X-Ray Diffractogram. Mixture of Fe3O4-Fe2O3 nanoparticles was successfully impregmanted into mesoporous silica forming a homogenous mixture of blackish gray which can not be distuingished between mesoporous silica with the mixture of Fe3O4-Fe2O3 nanoparticles and can be pulled by a magnet. The result of characterization with XRD which shows the peak of silica at 2θ = 20.75, 25.71,Fe3O4nanoparticle at 2θ = 30.08, 35.43, 56.94, 62.53 and Fe2O3at 2θ = 33.15, 35.63, 54.05 and the size of the silica pores in the meso range.

Keyword: Mixture of Fe3O4-Fe2O3 nanoparticles,Impregnation,Mesoporous silica.

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IJSRED

Agung Cahyadi,Syamsi Aini, Bahrizal, Hary Sanjaya "Impregnation of Synthesized Fe3O4- Fe2O3Nanoparticles Mixture from Iron Sand into Mesoporous Silica" Vol 2-Issue 4 (626-628) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P70
71
Geochemical Analysis of Similarities in the Crude Oil Samples of the Coastal Swamp Depobelt of Niger Delta
Author(s): Ezidiegwu P.C, Abrakasa S., Ozumba B.M, Ikiesikiemama S.S
Page(s): 629-635
Abstract

Geochemical analyses of six crude oil samples from six oil fields in the Coastal Swamp Depobelt of the Niger Delta Basin Nigeria, was performed to determine the similarities in the crude oil composition distribution intra-depobelt-wise by comparing GC fingerprints of the oils in the context of their organic matter source, thermal maturity, waxiness and environment of deposition. The samples arecoded KZ15, KZ18, KZ22, KZ24, KZ27 and KZ28.
Generic hydrocarbon ratios (such as Pr/Ph, Pr/nC17, Ph/nC18, Carbon Potential Index (CPI), Terrigenous/ Aquatic ratio (TAR) were used to infer the geochemical characteristics of these samples. Significantly, the ratios of n-alkanes and aliphatic isoprenoids revealed that Pr/nC17 ranged from 0.52 to 2.07 while Ph/nC18 ranged from 0.32 to 1.62 meaning that the oils were derived from organic matter of terrestrial origin and various degrees of marine inputs. Also, Pristane/Phytane ratios ranged from 2.23 to 3.17, suggesting that the organic matter was deposited in generally oxic (deltaic and shallow marine) environments. Several cross plots (such as waxiness versus (vs) Pr/Ph, CPI vs Pr/Ph and TAR vs Pr/Ph) were made. A plot of CPI and Pr/Ph revealed mixed organic matter input corroborating the results from some of the ratios especially n-alkanes/isoprenoid ratios. High TAR was observed and a crossplot of TAR against Pr/Ph showed more terrigenous input.
A star plot revealed that oils of the Coastal Swamp Depobelt of the Niger Delta have similar organic geochemical characteristics, thus are related, a slight deviation from this was attributed to degradation. Three distinct classes of Gas chromatogram fingerprints exist at various locations in the Coastal swamp depobelt and this observation is a quick and useful clue in spilled oil to suspected source correlation during spill investigation where a chromatogram profile of sample under investigation can be easily correlated to its source within this depobelt.

Keyword: Geochemical analyses, Thermal maturity, oil to source correlation, depositional environment, Gas chromatogram.

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IJSRED

Ezidiegwu P.C, Abrakasa S., Ozumba B.M, Ikiesikiemama S.S "Geochemical Analysis of Similarities in the Crude Oil Samples of the Coastal Swamp Depobelt of Niger Delta" Vol 2-Issue 4 (629-635) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P71
72
Impacts of Globalization on Political, Economic and Cultural Development in Nigeria
Author(s): Daffin Karwitha Kimonye, Mohamed Abdirashid Haji, John Ngamau
Page(s): 636-645
Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of globalization on political, economical and cultural growth in Nigeria. This study has portrayed the dynamics in which globalization affects Nigeria both negatively and positively. Globalization has brought many challenges like unfair trade policies, terrorism, drug trafficking, money laundry, brain drain but also opened doors for the country to benefit through exports and imports, technology transfer also inflow of foreign investments. Whether Nigeria likes it or not globalization has come to stay, with effective and efficient resource utilization, sound monetary and fiscal policies, institution reforms and investments in education and agricultural sector of the economy, Nigeria can witness accelerated socio economic development.

Keyword: Globalisation, Development, Nigeria.

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IJSRED

Daffin Karwitha Kimonye, Mohamed Abdirashid Haji, John Ngamau "Impacts of Globalization on Political, Economic and Cultural Development in Nigeria" Vol 2-Issue 4 (636-645) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P72
73
Estimation of Probable Maximum Flood
Author(s): Nay Myo Kyaw Thu, Swe Swe Khaing
Page(s): 582-586
Abstract

The Probable Maximum Flood (PMF) is one of a range of conceptual flood events used in the design of hydrological structures. The main objective of this paper is the estimation of probable maximum flood for Shwegyin Hydropower Project and Yeywa Hydropower Projects. Other objectives of this study are to provide systematic procedures that will consistently produce a reasonable PMF hydrograph and appropriate reservoir flood levels for evaluation of project safety, apply probable maximum flood (PMF) in spillway design of large projects and reduce severe flood damage. In evaluation Probable Maximum Flood (PMF), Unit hydrograph method is used for Shwegyin Project. For Yeywa Project, statically approach and meteorological approach is used In evaluation Probable Maximum Precipitation (PMP). Probable Maximum Flood (PMF) is estimated by Snyder’s Unit hydrograph method for Yeywa Project.

Keyword: Pmf, Pmp, Flood Estimation, Extreme Flood, Probableflood, Maximum Flood..

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IJSRED

Nay Myo Kyaw Thu, Swe Swe Khaing "Estimation of Probable Maximum Flood" Vol 2-Issue 4 (582-586) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P73
74
The Generic Relationship among Oils from the Greater Ughelli Depobelt of the Niger Delta Basin
Author(s): Ezidiegwu P.C, Abrakasa S, Ozumba B.M, Ikiensikimama S.S
Page(s): 587-592
Abstract

The genetic relationship of oils from three fields in the Greater Ughelli depobelt of the Niger Delta Basin Nigeria was evaluated . This involved the geochemical analyses for generic hydrocarbon ratios derived from the GC fingerprint profile. Ratios such as Pr/Ph (Pristane/Phytane), Pr/nC17, Ph/nC18 and Carbon Preferential Index (CPI) of the crude oils were determined in respect of their organic matter source, thermal maturity and environment of deposition. The samples were coded KZ1, KZ2 and KZ4. Pr/Ph ratio, Pr/nC17 versus Ph/nC18 and CPI versus Pr/Ph plots revealed that samples KZ1 and KZ2 were derived from organic matter of dominant terrestrial origin while KZ4 is of significant marine contribution. The CPI of all the three samples were approximately 1.0 implying that all the samples are thermally mature. Gas chromatogram fingerprint of the three samples showed that samples KZ2 and KZ4 had undergone a significant degree of biodegradation when compared to KZ2 The GC envelope (profile) KZ2 and KZ4 indicates a possible petroleum recharge of the reservoir or invasion of bacteria through the metreoric waters.

Keyword: Geochemical analyses, Thermal maturity, oil to source linkage, depositional environment, Gas chromatogram, Carbon Preference Index (CPI).

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IJSRED

Ezidiegwu P.C, Abrakasa S, Ozumba B.M, Ikiensikimama S.S "The Generic Relationship among Oils from the Greater Ughelli Depobelt of the Niger Delta Basin" Vol 2-Issue 4 (587-592) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P74
75
Estimation of Breeding Value of FH Dairy Cattle Milk Production in BBPTU-HPT Baturraden
Author(s): Maria Tarsisia Luju, Luqman Hakim, Sucik Maylinda
Page(s): 593-596
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the genetic potential of the nature of milk production from 100 FH dairy cattle in BBPTU-HPT Baturraden. The material used in this study was 100 FH dairy cattle that had a record of milk production in the first lactation period. The method was a case study. The result of this study indicated that the breeding value of milk production from 100 FH dairy cattle was 4,323 kg and 43% of the 100 dairy cattle had a good genetic potential for milk production and were above the population average value. Therefore, FH female dairy cattle could be used as a prospective cow for the next generation.

Keyword: breeding value, FH female dairy cattle.

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IJSRED

Maria Tarsisia Luju, Luqman Hakim, Sucik Maylinda "Estimation of Breeding Value of FH Dairy Cattle Milk Production in BBPTU-HPT Baturraden" Vol 2-Issue 4 (593-596) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P75
76
Analysis and Design of Water Tank Employing STAAD. Pro for Cost Optimization
Author(s): Himanshu Dwivedi, Dr. M.K.Gupta
Page(s): 597-606
Abstract

– Water is the basic need for all the living organisms to survive. Portable water is essential for good health of human beings. It is important to supply portable water to every individual and every community; hence it is very essential to store water. Water is generally stored in tanks and later the stored water is supplied to every community through pipelines.In this project, we have planned and designed an circular reinforced cement concrete tank. A circular water tank is manually designed. It is further analyzed using the premiere analysis software STAADPRO. The design and detailed drawings are presented in this project work.Limit state design method for water retaining structure was not adopted so far as liquid retaining structure should be crack free. However, This edition of Indian standard adopts limit state method mainly considering two aspects. Firstly it limits the stresses in steel so that concrete is not over stressed and in second aspect it limits the cracking width. Structure has been designed using the LSM , as the LSM gives less area of reinforcement of steel and hence the check for crack width has been done. Further to make the structure most economical STAAD.Pro is used. For quick cost prediction of tanks, this study therefore examines the cost effectiveness in terms of amount of materials. At the end of the project it concludes that total amount of concrete and steel used for construction of circular tank. .

Keyword: ---.

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IJSRED

Himanshu Dwivedi, Dr. M.K.Gupta "Analysis and Design of Water Tank Employing STAAD. Pro for Cost Optimization" Vol 2-Issue 4 (597-606) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P76
77
Impact Assessment of Urban Expansion on the Incomes of Urban Fringe Farmers: The Case of Feresbet Town: Amhara Regional State: Ethiopia
Author(s): Ajanaw Kebede
Page(s): 607-643
Abstract

Objective: The principal objectives of the study was designed to analyze the impacts of urban expansion on the incomes of urban fringe farmers in Feresbet town and it also extends in identify the main urban expansion drivers, quantify the rate of expansion and evaluate the compensation procedures Methods: To achieve the objective, house hold survey of 223 expropriated farmers was conducted. Supplementary data was also gathered through interviewing of selected officials, observation and by consulting secondary data sources. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics in SPSS.Result: Therefore, the finding of the study revealed that, population growth, lack of affordable housing, land speculation and topography of the town are the causes Feresbet town expansion from 354 hectare to 774 hectare from 2009 to 2016. In addition to this the results also indicates that; the municipality didn’t implement the legal frame works to determined compensation. As a result of urban expansion and expropriation displaced house hold heads shifted their occupation from agriculture to daily labor and the amount of income reduced. Again the result of the study revealed that; municipality and town administration didn’t support the displaced households. Therefore, the recommendations of this study are; the municipality and woreda administration should be minimized rural to urban migration by create job opportunity in the rural areas. In addition to this the municipality should be used legal frameworks appropriately to determine compensation and setting survival strategies (created employment, organized in small business enterprise, provide loan and training) for displaced households.

Keyword: Urbanization,Compensation and Income.

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IJSRED

Ajanaw Kebede "Impact Assessment of Urban Expansion on the Incomes of Urban Fringe Farmers: The Case of Feresbet Town: Amhara Regional State: Ethiopia" Vol 2-Issue 4 (607-643) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P77
78
Application of Geo-Informatics on Assessing Impact of Climate Change and Flood Risk on Groundwater Quality in Abia State
Author(s): Enyinna Gregory. C
Page(s): 644-659
Abstract

This research is aimed at developing adaptation to climate change induced flooding and groundwater contamination so as to curbenvironmental and health hazards associated to the vulnerability of Abia state in relation to flooding and groundwater contamination. The research implored scientific method of collecting groundwater samples that were analyzed in government certified laboratories using membrane filtration technique, while the results were displayed on tables and graphs in comparison with world health organization standard to prove that water samples were actually contaminated. Climatic data on rainfall and temperature were collected from national root crop research institute umudikeUmuahia and were analyzed using excel spread sheet showing corrections between temperature and time.Mean while temperature analysis shows that R2= 0.325 while average rainfall frequency showed R2 = 0,018. Flood risk map was cartographically designed using ArcGIS 10.2 to show the parts of the state that are more vulnerable to flooding and the contaminants were overlaid on flood risk map to show how flooding influenced the rate of groundwater contamination. Measures of adaptation to climate change induced flooding and groundwater contamination were recommended to drastically reduce the possible future damages that this climate change induced flooding can cause if not sustainably handled in a proactive way.

Keyword: Climate Change, Flood Risk, Groundwater Contamination, Adaptation, WHO standard.

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IJSRED

Enyinna Gregory. C "Application of Geo-Informatics on Assessing Impact of Climate Change and Flood Risk on Groundwater Quality in Abia State" Vol 2-Issue 4 (644-659) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P78
79
Application Of Geoinformatics and Drastic Model in Developing Groundwater Vulnerabilty Index Model For Abia State Nigeria
Author(s): Enyinna Gregory.C, Nkemdirim Victor.U
Page(s): 660-665
Abstract

Application of geo-informatics and drastic model in developing groundwater vulnerability index model for Abia state Nigeria was researched on due to the rising conditions of groundwater contamination that have triggered water related diseases in the area. This was as a result of land use activities taking place in within water wells and around Aquifers of shallow water table. Arc GIS 10.2 was used to develop aquifer vulnerability index via transformation of hydrogeological data into 2D map while the weighting and data processing were done with the aid of DRASTIC model. The results show that Aba south (Ukwa west, Ukwa East, Ugwunagbo, Obinngwa and Osisioma) have extremely high vulnerability which is attributed to the shallow water table and the coastal sand nature of the aquifer. Furthermore, those aquifers resident in Abia central senatorial district (Isiala Ngwa south, Isiala Ngwa north, Ikwuano and Umuahia south LGAs)have high vulnerability, while Umuahia north LGA has moderate and high vulnerabilty. The aquifers resident in Abia north senatorial district (Umunnochi, Isiukwuato, Ohafia and Bende) LGAs have moderate and low vulnerability while Arochukwu LGA shears low, vulnerability. This model has shown that Abia south senatorial district is bound to have more groundwater contamination because of how extremely high venerable the groundwater aquifer is than Abia Abia central and Abia north senatorial district which moderate and low Aquifer vulnerability to pollution It is expected that this model will help the actors in the groundwater management sector to know the areas where groundwater table are under more risk of pollution than the other and for easier planning of sustainable groundwater source protection zone and bore hole development projects. The government and other actors in the water sector are therefore advised to acquire lands within areas of borehole development projects for public water supply systems to prevent land use activities that could cause pollution to groundwater sources so as to conserve groundwater in a sustainable form..

Keyword: Vulnerability index, Drastic Model, Development project, Aquifer Groundwater, Pollution Arc GIS.

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IJSRED

Enyinna Gregory.C, Nkemdirim Victor.U "Application Of Geoinformatics and Drastic Model in Developing Groundwater Vulnerabilty Index Model For Abia State Nigeria" Vol 2-Issue 4 (660-665) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P79
80
Application of GeoInformatics in Development of Groundwater Prospect Model for borehole management and development projects in Nigeria
Author(s): Enyinna Gregory.C, Nkemdirim Victor.U
Page(s): 666-674
Abstract

The research on application of geo-Informatics in developing groundwater prospect model, aims at producing a geo-environmental template for groundwater development and management that can help geo scientist and other stakeholders during bore hole drilling to identify non polluted sites for location of water wells, as well as Aquifer of high prolific nature for best groundwater yield during abreaction and also to avoid pollution of such groundwater wells and subsequent groundwater contamination. This research will also enhance effective harnessing of groundwater potentials in the seventeen (17) local government areas of Abia State. Arc GIS 10.2 was used in this model development, using the data extracted from Depth of water table, recommended water table depth for each local government area (LGA), thickness of prospective horizon, mean resistivity, lithology, x and y coordinate likewise the aquifer yield capacity. Excel spread sheet was also used to prepare a graphical representation of depth to water table, recommended well depth, thickness of the prospective horizon and Mean resistivity as well as Groundwater yield capacity for Abia State, Nigeria measured in (m3 h).These data were processed and fused into the groundwater prospect map showing the local government areas that have prolific yield (P) of groundwater (of 25m3/ h) , medium to high yield (M-H) (16m3/h) , medium yield (M) (14m3/h), low to medium yield (L-M) ( 12m3/h), low yield (10m3/h), and sample points. The results have identified the individual local government areas in Abia state that have the aquifer carrying capacity to produce sustainable groundwater in Abia state for development and management of water wells for public water supply system in the area.

Keyword: Geo-Informatics, Groundwater, Prospect, Model, Prolific Aquifer.

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IJSRED

Enyinna Gregory.C, Nkemdirim Victor.U "Application of GeoInformatics in Development of Groundwater Prospect Model for borehole management and development projects in Nigeria" Vol 2-Issue 4 (666-674) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P80
81
Species Composition of Some Fishes in Lonton Village, Indawgyi Lake, Kachin State, Northern Myanmar
Author(s): Nwe Nwe Khaing, Hla Hla Aye, Zaw Zaw, Khin Khin Hla
Page(s): 629-634
Abstract

A total of 38 species of freshwater bony fishes belonging to the 30 genera, 21 families and ten orders were collected from the Lonton village in Indawgyi Lake, Mohnyin Township, Kachin State. The study period was from May 2012 to July 2013. The highest number of species (31%) was recorded under order Cypriniformes and followed by Perciformes (26%), Siluriformes (24%).The lower of one species was observed in order Osteoglossiformes, Clupeiformes, Gasterosteiformes, Beloniformes, Synbranchiformes, Syngnathiformes and Tetraodontiformes respectively. Among recorded species, Akysisprashadi(Indawgyi stream catfish)is endemic species ofIndawgyi Lake and Gudusia variegate (Burmese river shad) is endemic species of Myanmar.Remaining species are native species of Myanmar except Oreochromisnilotica.

Keyword: Endemic, Fish fauna, Indawgyi Lake, Native..

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IJSRED

Nwe Nwe Khaing, Hla Hla Aye, Zaw Zaw, Khin Khin Hla "Species Composition of Some Fishes in Lonton Village, Indawgyi Lake, Kachin State, Northern Myanmar" Vol 2-Issue 4 (629-634) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P81
82
Solving Intuitionistic Fuzzy Maximal Flow Problem Using IntuitionisticTrapezoidal Fuzzy Number
Author(s): P.Jayagowri, T.Suba
Page(s): 634-641
Abstract

Amit Kumar and Manjot Kaur proposed a new algorithm to find the fuzzy maximal flow between source and sink by representing the flow as normal trapezoidal fuzzy numbers. There are several papers in the literature in which generalized fuzzy numbers are used for solving real life problems. But in this paper we introduced new algorithm to find the intuitionistic fuzzy maximal flow between source and sink by representing the flow as normal intuitionistic trapezoidal fuzzy numbers. To illustrate the new algorithm a numerical example is solved. If there is no vagueness about the flow between source and sink then the proposed algorithm gives the same result as in crisp maximal flow problems.

Keyword: Intuitionstic fuzzy maximal flow problem; ranking function; Generalized Intuitionistic trapezoidal fuzzy numbers.

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IJSRED

P.Jayagowri, T.Suba "Solving Intuitionistic Fuzzy Maximal Flow Problem Using IntuitionisticTrapezoidal Fuzzy Number" Vol 2-Issue 4 (634-641) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P82
83
Extraction of Alumina from Local Clays Using Hydrochloric Acid
Author(s): Eze,J.U., Anyakwo,C.S., Osoka,E.C., Nnodum,A.N., Onuoha,C., Anusi,M.O
Page(s): 642-652
Abstract

The present work investigates the extraction of alumina from different local clay samples; Ihiala clay (sample A), Nsu clay (sample B), and Umuhu clay (sample C), which contain 27.83%, 29.93%, and 28.31% of Al2O3 respectively and are extremely abundant in the Eastern part of Nigeria. The clay samples were crushed, ground and sieved using 100 mesh standard tyler screens and were further calcined at a temperature of 7000C, held for 1hr and then leached with 5ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid at different leaching temperatures (250C,500C,750C, 1000C) and time (10,30,60,80,100 and 120mins). A relatively large increase in percentage extraction of Al2O3 was also observed with increasing leaching temperature in the range of 250C to 1000C. The effects of the leaching time and temperatures were investigated using response surface methodology. A pure-quadratic model fit well to experimental data for the three clay samples. The surface plot revealed a linear relationship with temperature, which had more effect of percentage alumina extracted, and a quadratic relationship with time. An estimated optimum extraction condition for the three clay samples would be a leaching time of 76minutes and temperature of 100OC. The optimization also indicated that increasing temperature will increase percentage of alumina extracted. Leaching these local clay samples under these conditions resulted in about 81%, 79% and 79% alumina extraction for samples A, B and C respectively. The highest percent concentration was achieved with the Ihiala clay (sample A). The research therefore shows that Eastern Nigerian local clays are very suitable raw materials for the production of aluminium and other alumina based products. It is hoped that this work will help to encourage the use of our local clays as raw materials in the aluminium industries in the nearest future.

Keyword: Alumina, Extraction, Kinetics, Local clay, Leaching.

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IJSRED

Eze,J.U., Anyakwo,C.S., Osoka,E.C., Nnodum,A.N., Onuoha,C., Anusi,M.O "Extraction of Alumina from Local Clays Using Hydrochloric Acid" Vol 2-Issue 4 (642-652) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P83
84
Simulation and Analysis of Distributed Power Flow Controller in High Voltage Transmission System
Author(s): Han Su Yin, Shwe Zan Aung
Page(s): 653-659
Abstract

In power transmission systems, the power flow must be controlled quickly and reliably. As the load changes, the voltage variation in transmission lines can damage the consumer’s equipment distributed side. For reducing these problems, the power flow controller is used in transmission lines. Thus, this paper presents a power flow controlling device called Distributed Power Flow Controller (DPFC). This device offers the same control capability as the unified power-flow controller (UPFC) but with much lower cost and higher reliability. The DPFC eliminates the common DC link within the UPFC. It employs two converters i.e. series and shunt converter, and each converter needs a controlling circuit and an additional central controlling circuit which provides reference voltage to series and shunt controlling circuit. The active power that is exchanged through the common DC link in the UPFC is now transferred through the transmission line at the 3rd harmonic frequency. The interaction between the DPFC, the network and the machines are analyzed in this paper. The DPFC is modeled by using dq-frame. To simulate the dynamic performance, three phase symmetrical fault is considered near the load and, the modeling and analysis of power flow with DPFC in two areas with two buses interconnected system with star-delta transformers at each end is done by using MATLAB/ Simulink.

Keyword: FACTS, AC-DC Power Conversion, DPFC, Power System Control, Power flow controller.

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IJSRED

Han Su Yin, Shwe Zan Aung "Simulation and Analysis of Distributed Power Flow Controller in High Voltage Transmission System" Vol 2-Issue 4 (653-659) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P84
85
Sensory Evaluation Of Malunggay (Moringa Oleifera) Polvoron With Sesame Seeds
Author(s): Ivon L. Lavilla, Cenby Eppie G. Gaytos, Teresita Villa G. Lacaba, D.M, Remedios P. Doblon –Merilles, Mabell S. Quimbo
Page(s): 660-674
Abstract

The Maluggay (Moringa Oleifera) plant is a very nutritious vegetable which can help prevent sickness because of its many health benefits. It can help fight hunger, poverty and chronic malnutrition suffered by millions. With this reason the researchers looked for a better way to provide other ways to enjoy eating the said vegetable while, at the same time combatting malnutrition. Moreover, by making Malungay Polvoron with Sesame Seeds, the livelihood opportunities of community members will hopefully be on the rise. This study used the experimental design method and involved sixty (60) respondents which were composed of 4 researchers, 20 Faculty members and 30 selected students from the different colleges of the university, namely, College of Business Management and Accountancy, College of Education, College of Engineering and Technology and College of Arts and Sciences. Scorecards were used with specific parameters to determine the level of acceptability of the product. Weighted arithmetic mean was utilized as statistical tools. The result of the study revealed that the quality of the product was interpreted as extremely acceptable for pilot and benchmark tests, largely acceptable for final test and was interpreted as extremely acceptable for the overall mean. Two recommendations were given as based on the findings of the study, (1) improvement of the packaging and labeling of the product for commercialization purposes, and (2) consider the product as livelihood for communities.

Keyword: Malunggay, Polvoron, Sensory Evaluation, Product Development, Innovation.

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IJSRED

Ivon L. Lavilla, Cenby Eppie G. Gaytos, Teresita Villa G. Lacaba, D.M, Remedios P. Doblon –Merilles, Mabell S. Quimbo "Sensory Evaluation Of Malunggay (Moringa Oleifera) Polvoron With Sesame Seeds" Vol 2-Issue 4 (660-674) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P85
86
Modeling and Simulation of Overcurrent and Earth Fault Relay for Extra High Voltage Transmission Line
Author(s): Han Su Yin, Shwe Zan Aung
Page(s): 675-681
Abstract

The Electrical Power System consists of many vital components. Among them, the Transmission lines are one of the most important parts of the system. Faults occur in transmission lines have high impact on the electrical power system. The major fault in transmission line is single line to ground (L-G) fault, but, various types of faults also occur in transmission line, such as unsymmetrical faults which includes single line to ground (L-G) fault, double line to ground (L-L-G) fault and line to line (L-L) fault and symmetrical faults which are three phase fault. So, the protection relays are needed to protect transmission lines from various types of faults. Overcurrent and earth fault relay is normally used to protect transmission lines, distribution lines, transformers and bus coupler etc. Moreover, these relays can be used as main or backup protection. The modeling of protection relays is required to determine the effects of network parameters and configurations on the operation of these relays. This paper presents the modeling and simulation of standard inverse definite minimum time (IDMT) relay using MATLAB/SIMULINK software. The study of test system is Paunglaung – Pyinmana High Voltage transmission line. The proposed model was tested for single line to ground (L-G) fault and three phase fault witha fault resistance (0.001 Ω)at various locations. The simulation results obtained by MATLAB software show the feasibility analysis of High Voltage Transmission Line with Overcurrent and Earth Fault relay.

Keyword: High Voltage Transmission line, Overcurrent and earth fault relay, MATLAB, Single line to ground (L-G) fault, Three Phasefault.

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IJSRED

Han Su Yin, Shwe Zan Aung "Modeling and Simulation of Overcurrent and Earth Fault Relay for Extra High Voltage Transmission Line" Vol 2-Issue 4 (675-681) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P86
87
Performance of Seismic Design Reinforced Concrete Building Under Different Wind Velocities
Author(s): Ei Ei Nwe, Swe Swe Khaing
Page(s): 681-686
Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to know the performance of sixteen-storeyed reinforced concrete seismic design building with the basic wind velocity of 80 mph under five tropical cyclone categories 95,110,130,155 and 170 mph (Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale). In order to study the performance of selected building under different wind velocities, ETABS software is used to analyze the superstructure of the building but substructure analysis is not considered. Only four loading cases - dead load, live load, wind load and earthquake load are considered and total of twenty-six load combinations are used according to (CQHP) recommendation. Required data for analysis and design specifications of structural elements is used in accordance with UBC-97 and ACI 318-02. Equivalent static analysis is used for seismic design. Considering the effect of lateral load, Intermediate Moment Resisting Frame (IMRF) is chosen for seismic zone 2A. Firstly, the superstructure was analyzed with the basic wind velocity of 80 mph and checked by Storey Drift limitations, P-∆ effects, Torsional Irregularity, Overturning Moment and Sliding. Then, the seismic design of proposed building was repeated with five tropical cyclone categories respectively with the same seismic zone, strengths and rigidities. Similarly, they are also checked their performance. Finally, detailed comparisons are made between the analysis results such as deflection,storeydrift,storey moment andstorey shearof the structural members. It is also investigated the performance and potential deformation or damage to predict how and where the deformation could begin.

Keyword: wind velocity, five tropical cyclone categories, deflection, storey drift, storey moment, storey shear.

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IJSRED

Ei Ei Nwe, Swe Swe Khaing "Performance of Seismic Design Reinforced Concrete Building Under Different Wind Velocities" Vol 2-Issue 4 (681-686) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P87
88
Overview of the Anthropogenic Causes of Soil Erosion in Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria
Author(s): Ajayi A.S, Ibrahim Rasheed, Brai M.A., Seghosime Sule
Page(s): 687-693
Abstract

The incidence of gully erosion in Auchi, Edo State has assumed alarming proportions thereby gaining national recognition as an ecological disaster zone. The aim of this paper is therefore to examine some of the human causes of this menace and its impact on the population of the area and coping strategies adopted by individuals, community and the government. From field survey and observation, some of the anthropogenic causes found were: Dumping of refuse in water channels and drainages, Excavation of soil for building and other purposes, Poor siting of fences, Deforestation, Bush burning, Building and road Construction factors and Erection of residential structures without drainage and some of the possible control measures are: Environmental education, Environmental surveillance, the use of Vegetation and proper Solid waste management.

Keyword: Soil erosion, Anthropogenic influences, environmental surveillance and education, Auchi.

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IJSRED

Ajayi A.S, Ibrahim Rasheed, Brai M.A., Seghosime Sule "Overview of the Anthropogenic Causes of Soil Erosion in Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria" Vol 2-Issue 4 (687-693) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P88
89
Low Cost Reinforced Concrete Ceiling Sheet with Leaf-Sheath Fibre of Areca-Nut Palm
Author(s): Swe Swe Khaing, Nay Myo Kyaw Thu
Page(s): 694-703
Abstract

The main purpose of this research is to manufacture the low cost reinforced ceiling sheets with leaf-sheath of Areca-nut palm fibre, locally available materials in Mawlamyine. The basic materials of ceiling sheet in this research are Myinegalay cement (Rhinoceros brand), Yangon River sand, water and natural fibre as Areca-nut palm fibre.
In this research work, the ceiling sheets are manufactured in the size of (2ft× 2ft× ¼ in). The length of fibres reinforced is generally half inch. Three different types of water-cement ratios (0.35,0.45,0.5) and three different fibre content (2%,3%,4%) are used in the production of reinforced ceiling sheets. All samples are cured for 28 days and the bending strength of reinforced ceiling sheets are tested by the bending tester machine in Hmawbi Asbestos cement ceiling sheets Industry.
Evaluations of strength and cost comparison between the natural fibre reinforced cement ceiling sheets and the asbestos cement ceiling sheet manufactured by machine plant in Hmawbi. Moreover, it is compared with the private reinforced ceiling sheets.
By manufacturing Leaf-sheath of Areca-nut palm fibre reinforced cement ceiling sheets with reasonable strength, they can use in the construction of low-cost housing in the Rural area of Myanmar. Therefore, ceiling sheets play a vital role in many developing programmes.

Keyword: fibre reinforced concrete, ceiling sheet, fibre reinforced ceiling sheet.

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IJSRED

Swe Swe Khaing, Nay Myo Kyaw Thu "Low Cost Reinforced Concrete Ceiling Sheet with Leaf-Sheath Fibre of Areca-Nut Palm" Vol 2-Issue 4 (694-703) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P89
90
Implementation of Automated Irrigation System Using Advance Wireless Technology
Author(s): Cidgu Soundharya , Mr.V.Arun Kumar
Page(s): 704-709
Abstract

An automated irrigation system was developed to optimize water use for agricultural crops. The system has a distributed wireless network of soil-moisture and temperature sensors placed in the root zone of the plants. In addition, a gateway unit handles sensor information, triggers actuators, and transmits data to a web application. An algorithm was developed with threshold values of temperature and soil moisture that was programmed into a microcontroller-based gateway to control water quantity. The system was powered by photovoltaic panels and had a duplex communication link based on a cellular-Internet interface that allowed for data inspection and irrigation scheduling to be programmed through a web page. The automated system was tested in a sage crop field for 136 days and water savings of up to 90% compared with traditional irrigation practices of the agricultural zone were achieved. Three replicas of the automated system have been used successfully in other places for 18 months. Because of its energy autonomy and low cost, the system has the potential to be useful in water limited geographically isolated areas.

Keyword: Automation, cellular networks, Internet, irrigation, measurement, water resources, wireless sensor networks (WSNs).

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IJSRED

Cidgu Soundharya , Mr.V.Arun Kumar "Implementation of Automated Irrigation System Using Advance Wireless Technology" Vol 2-Issue 4 (704-709) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P90
91
Effect of Substitution of Soyabean with Dietary Toasted Lima Beans, (Phaseolus Lunatus) on Growth and Nutrient Utilization of Clariid Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus) Fingerlings
Author(s): Aliu B.S, Okoh A.
Page(s): 710-721
Abstract

A feeding trial was conducted to study the effects of supplemented toasted lima bean (P.lunatus) diets on the growth performance and utilization of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. TLBM was used to replace soybean meal at 0% (L0), 25% (L25), 50% (L50), 75% (L75) and 100% (L100) producing five diets. Diets were fed to triplicate groups of C. gariepinus daily to satiation. One hundred (100) fingerlings with an initial mean weight of 2.0g were allotted at random to five treatments in triplicate groups with each treatment tank having five fingerlings and were fed with isocaloric and isonitrogenous diets. Results indicated that the mean weight gain was significantly (P<0.05) higher in fish fed diet 2(6.34) and diet 5(5.02) than all other treatments. Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) was significantly higher (p<0.05) in diet 2(1.20), diet 1(1.56), diet 5(1.520 and diet 4(1.64). Specific growth rate (SGR) and protein efficiency ratio (PER) showed no significant difference (P>0.05) as a result of the treatments. The specific growth rate was significantly higher in diet II (4.37) while diet V has the least specific growth rate 2.53. Summary of findings highlights that soybean meal can be replaced up to 25% and 100% of Toasted lima bean meal in the diets of African catfish, C. gariepinus fingerlings without compromising the growth and carcass composition..

Keyword: feed utilization, Soyabean, Lima beans, Phaseolus lunatus and fish nutrition.

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IJSRED

Aliu B.S, Okoh A "Effect of Substitution of Soyabean with Dietary Toasted Lima Beans, (Phaseolus Lunatus) on Growth and Nutrient Utilization of Clariid Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus) Fingerlings" Vol 2-Issue 4 (710-721) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P91
92
Design and Development of a Brushless Direct Current Motor
Author(s): Chandan Das, Md. Barkat Ullah, M. Asaduzzaman, Syeed Ashraf, Humayun Kabir, Md. Abdul Mannan Chwdhury
Page(s): 722-727
Abstract

The objective of the present work is to design and develop a brushless dc motor (BLDC).With the knowledge acquired from various magnetic designs and its power a motor has been built. The primary goal and focus is to be able to make a fully functioning motor. Once it is determined what type of material is to make the stator and other portions of the motor out of a reasonable size and power output is estimated. Using a general radial flux motor concept, the design is refined through calculations while keeping in mind the limitations of machining. This proved to be very difficult given the type of material that should to be machined. After many checks and calculations the final design was approved and parts was ordered. Using this radial flux motor design, all parts are manufactured using various machines; lathes, end mails, band saws, CNC mills, etc. from one single piece of bar stock steel. To power the designs stellaries, Texas Instrument, one phase BLDC motor controller is used. The motor has been modified to accommodate the Hall Effect sensors necessary to operate the controller. As will be shown throughout the research, many difficulties and frustrations are encountered during design and machining of the motor. It will be thoroughly explained through this research that the theories and practices in both magnetic design and electrical circuit theory can be manipulated into a device that changes electrical energy into mechanical energy.

Keyword: BLDC motor, Stator, Rotor, Hall sensor, Low Voltage Power Supply.

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IJSRED

Chandan Das, Md. Barkat Ullah, M. Asaduzzaman, Syeed Ashraf, Humayun Kabir, Md. Abdul Mannan Chwdhury "Design and Development of a Brushless Direct Current Motor" Vol 2-Issue 4 (722-727) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P92
93
Applying Risk Management in Improving Oral Presentation Skill
Author(s): Thida Kyaw, San San Lwin
Page(s): 728-732
Abstract

Today engineering students are required to communicate their ideas, developments, plans and innovations to the society at large. Their works usually reflect today’s need of the sustainability of the world and its resources. They try to show how effective their works are, what advantages those things have over the former ones to make the world a better place and what risks can be avoided by employing those things, etc in their project presentations. They need to convey meanings and values through their presentations. In this background, the author would like to equip the students with the needed skills for the oral presentation so that they have to overcome problems in presenting their work. A careful research was done by making a need analysis of 30 of 4th Year students at Technological University (Kyaukse) so that needs, lacks and wants could be found out first. These needs were overcome by using risk management. So it is hoped that this paper will be able to point out the needs, lacks, and wants of the students concerning with oral presentation and the ways to overcome them.

Keyword: oral presentation, problems in oral presentation, need analysis, “needs, lacks and wants”, risk management.

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IJSRED

Thida Kyaw, San San Lwin "Applying Risk Management in Improving Oral Presentation Skill" Vol 2-Issue 4 (728-732) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P93
94
Boosting Braille Skill of Third Year Social Science Students with Visual Impairment in Sebeta Special Needs Teacher Education College to Take Exam in Braille In 2018
Author(s): Mathewos Asfaw
Page(s): 733-748
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to boost Braille skill of third year social science students with visual impairment in SSNTC to help them to take exam in Braille. The researchers used interview and focus group discussion to collect data. The major problems that hinders students with visual impairment not to take exam in Braille were the existence of the problems of reading and writing in Braille. The researchers took some training which focussed on boosting their writing and reading in Braille. The researchers prepared some paragraphs and presented to them to read and write after the training and the students with visual impairments wrote and read properly.

Keyword: - - -.

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IJSRED

Mathewos Asfaw "Boosting Braille Skill of Third Year Social Science Students with Visual Impairment in Sebeta Special Needs Teacher Education College to Take Exam in Braille In 2018" Vol 2-Issue 4 (733-748) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P94
95
A Review of Performance Investigations in Hydrogen – Oxygen Generator for Internal Combustion Engines
Author(s): Dr.S.Ganeshkumar, Dr.R.Sureshkumar, Mr.Y.Sureshbabu, Mr.S.Balasubramani
Page(s): 749-754
Abstract

The decrement of fossil fuels plays a wide challenge to all industrial sectors. The energy required for manufacturing processes is obtained from petroleum products, solar energy, wind energy, bio gas etc., In the current scenario, hydrocarbon fuels like petroleum products, ethanol are utilized to run the industries for power generation. Due to the reduction of the natural sources, several researches were conducted in hydrogen generation.Water is the major source of hydrogen energy; This article reveals the investigations carried out to obtain hydrogen and oxygen from water through electrolysis. Hydrogen is unstable in nature and it is highly explosive. Oxygen enhances the combustion of hydrogen; hence water is the suitable source which can produce hydrogen and oxygen. This review article exhibits that the challenges of hydrogen energy production and the importance of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. By identifying the marketing strategies of hydrogen generator, many countries have commercialized plans with such hydrogen generator technologies. The hydrogen and oxygen gas generator is called as fuel cell. The fuel cell is often used for conversion of chemical energy to Electrical energy.Energy conversion system that will eventually become the first choice for power production. The fuel cell has zero emission nature and it is completely clean. Catalyst and accelerators enhances the rate of HHO generation. Varying the current supply in the electrolysis process will affects the quantity of the hydrogen and oxygen gas.

Keyword: Hydrogen, Hydrocarbons, Emission, Generator.

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IJSRED

Dr.S.Ganeshkumar, Dr.R.Sureshkumar, Mr.Y.Sureshbabu, Mr.S.Balasubramani "A Review of Performance Investigations in Hydrogen – Oxygen Generator for Internal Combustion Engines" Vol 2-Issue 4 (749-754) July - August 2019, International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Development (IJSRED) :ISSN:2581-7175, www.ijsred.com.

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IJSRED-V2I4P95